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Elliott v. Adams

April 16, 2007


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Matthew F. Kennelly, District Judge


Pro se plaintiff Dennis Elliott, who is civilly committed and detained at a facility of the Illinois Department of Human Services, has sued various IDHS personnel who work at the facility as well as personnel affiliated with Liberty Healthcare, which evidently administers the facility (or at least certain of its programs) by contract with IDHS. Defendant Carol Adams, the Secretary of IDHS, has moved to dismiss Elliott's claims against her pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). For the reasons stated below, the Court grants Adams' motion in part and denies it in part and also grants in part and denies in part a similar motion recently filed by several other IDHS defendants.

The Complaint and the Motions to Dismiss

In his complaint, Elliott alleges that in August 2003, to resolve Case No. 01 C 5357, he entered into a settlement agreement with IDHS and others, including Liberty, under which they agreed (among other things) not to violate his First Amendment rights and to provide additional training to employees. Compl. ¶¶ 1-5. Elliott alleges that in September 2005, certain of his legal papers and other materials he used in pursuing legal redress were seized and were not returned to him for a significant period. Id. ¶¶ 6-7. He alleges that he "suffered grievous losses, including both state and federal lawsuits, materials, transcripts, contracts, and other documents." Id. ¶ 7. Elliott says that the defendants have put up other hurdles that prevent him from receiving court orders via the mail in timely fashion and that he has not been given full access to logs of his incoming and outgoing mail that would permit him to monitor these activities. Id. ¶¶ 8-9. All of this, Elliott alleges, violated his constitutional rights. He alleges that as a result, three of his lawsuits pending before this Court were dismissed without his knowledge: Elliott v. Baker, Case No. 01 C 174; Elliott v. Aramark Correctional Svcs., Case No. 01 C 9461, and Elliott v. Baker, Case No. 02 C 8949. Compl. ¶¶ 10 & 15.

Elliott also contends that defendants violated various terms of the August 2003 settlement agreement and "have reverted back to the original mail system" that formed the basis of the claims he made in the lawsuits that led to that agreement. Id. ¶¶ 13-14, 17-19.

Elliott also appears to allege that when he "refused to be double celled," he was forcibly extracted from his cell, and all of his property was seized for punitive reasons and without due process of law. Id. ¶¶ 11-12.

Finally, Elliott alleges generally that the defendants have interfered with his constitutional rights, including his right of access to the courts, his right to petition for redress of grievances, his right to free speech, the prohibition against depravation of property without due process, and the prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures. Id. ¶ 20. Defendants have done this, Elliott alleges, by seizing his papers (including legal materials); seizing writing implements, envelopes, address, and postage; delaying his incoming mail for extended periods; instituting policies contrary to the August 2003 settlement; and retaliating against him for the exercise of his rights by seizing his property. Id. ¶ 20(1-5). These general allegations do not appear to the Court to add any claims beyond Elliott's earlier-described claims that his right of access to the courts to petition for grievances, the prohibition against deprivation of property without due process, and the settlement agreement were violated.

Defendant Carol Adams, alleged to be the Secretary of IDHS, has moved to dismiss Elliott's complaint. That motion is fully briefed. Recently, several other IDHS-affiliated defendants (Thomas Monahan, Mary Mascote, Brenda Wilts, David Biermann, Tarry Williams, and Darrell Sanders) likewise moved to dismiss, making arguments that overlapped with those in Adams' motion. The Court has not yet set a briefing schedule on the latter motion.


1. Claim of Right of Access to Courts and Right to Petition for Redress

To state a claim for interference with his right of access to the courts, Elliott must allege that he lost a case or suffered some other legal setback as a result of the interference. See, e.g., Pratt v. Tarr, 464 F.3d 730, 732 (7th Cir. 2006). In this regard, the Court may take judicial notice of matters of public record on the Court's docket. See, e.g., Anderson v. Simon, 217 F.3d 472, 474-75 (7th Cir. 2000).

Two of the cases identified by Elliott, Case No. 01 C 9461 and Case No. 02 C 8949, were initially dismissed due to what the Court perceived as Elliott's failure to prosecute the cases. Later on, it came to the Court's attention that there were problems with Elliott's incoming and outgoing legal mail. After holding a video conference in which Elliott participated, the Court was sufficiently persuaded that his mail had been delayed or diverted that it decided to reinstate both cases and appoint counsel to represent Elliott. Though the dismissal caused delays in the resolution of both cases, Elliott did not lose the cases -- they were reinstated -- and he has alleged no impediment that he suffered by reason of the delays. As a result, he cannot maintain a "right of access" claim based on the disposition of those cases.

In the third case that Elliott cites, Case No. 01 C 174, Elliott likewise failed to take certain required steps, and the Court dismissed the case. Before dismissing the case, out of concern regarding diversion of Elliott's incoming mail, the Court required the defendants in that case to verify that the Court's order directing Elliott to make a particular filing had been delivered to him. The defendants filed the requested verification. Because Elliott did not thereafter take the steps required by the Court's order, the Court dismissed his case for failure to prosecute. But it is at least possible that the problem was actually with Elliott's outgoing mail (an allegation he makes in the present complaint), as opposed to his incoming mail. Thus, contrary to defendant's argument, Elliott may maintain a "right of access" claim based on the dismissal of Case No. 01 C 174.

Adams also argues that she had no involvement in the policies or practices that Elliott claims led to the dismissal of Case No. 01 C 174. But Elliott alleges otherwise, see Compl. ΒΆ 15, and as a result Adams is not ...

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