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Wilson v. Collins

August 15, 2006

CARL WILSON, PLAINTIFF,
v.
T.J. COLLINS AND JOEL STEINHAUER, DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Herndon, District Judge

MEMORANDUM & ORDER

I. INTRODUCTION

Before the Court is a Report and Recommendation ("R&R") (Doc. 45), issued by Magistrate Judge Proud, recommending Defendants T.J. Collins and Joel Steinhauer's Motion for Summary Judgment (Doc. 32) be granted. Plaintiff filed timely objections to the R&R, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Rule 73.1(b) for this District, so therefore, Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment shall be reviewed de novo. Plaintiff initiated the present action by filing a civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (Doc. 1), alleging that Defendants violated both his due process and equal protection rights afforded to him under Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution, for placing him in segregation as a pretrial detainee for an extended period of time without a prior hearing or other written justification (Doc. 1; Doc. 36, p. 10). For the reasons stated herein, the Court finds Defendants' Motion must prevail.

II. FACTUAL BACKGROUND

Plaintiff was arrested in Missouri on or about June 24, 2002 for an alleged outstanding parole violation and also because he was sought for questioning in relation to a homicide investigation (Doc. 33, p. 1; Doc. 36, p. 2). After his arrest, officials extradited Plaintiff to Illinois, where he was detained at the St. Clair County Jail (the "Jail") (Id.). It is the procedure of the Jail to conduct an initial assessment of each detainee and/or inmate upon their arrival, in order to determine their posed security risk, known as the "Inmate Risk Classification" (Doc. 33, p. 1). The initial assessment is based upon a series of inquiries, for which certain information is assigned "points," depending on the severity of the ascertained facts. The information is entered into a database, which outputs a tally of points for the detainee or inmate in order to classify his or her overall security risk, which also determines the appropriate method of housing.

Upon his arrival at the Jail, Plaintiff was interviewed by defendant Steinhauer, who is the "classification and disciplinary officer" for the Jail (Doc. 36, p. 3, Ex. A, p. 6).Defendant Collins is a Lieutenant Colonel for the Jail, responsible for the "supervision and management of the entire County Jail operations" (Doc. 36, p. 9, Ex. F, pp. 4-5). In conjunction with interviewing Plaintiff, defendant Steinhauer also used several sources to aid in determining Plaintiff's security risk classification, identified as the following (Doc. 33, p. 2, Ex. A):

(a) severity of the charge -- murder;

(b) serious offense history -- violent prior offense;

(c) escape history -- attempted escape;

(d) prior felony convictions -- two;

(e) bond amount -- $120,000.00 and greater;

(f) wanted by other agency -- one pending felony want;

(g) history of alcohol/drug abuse -- no history;

(h) address stability -- same address less ...


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