Searching over 5,500,000 cases.

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Western Railway Devices Corp. v. Lusida Rubber Products

June 13, 2006


The opinion of the court was delivered by: John F. Grady, United States District Judge


Before the court is defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). For the reasons stated below, defendant's motion is granted in part and denied in part.


The following relevant facts, drawn from the complaint, are taken as true for purposes of this motion. On September 25, 2004, plaintiff Western Railway Devices Corp. ("Western Railway") received an unsolicited fax advertisement on its facsimile machine from defendant Lusida Rubber Products, Inc. ("Lusida"). The fax advertisement, a copy of which is attached to the complaint, promotes the services of Lusida. It also includes a fax number for Western Railway to contact to be removed from future distributions of advertisements. Western Railway had no prior relationship with Lusida, and had not authorized the sending of fax advertisements to it. Western Railway claims that the fax was sent as part of a mass broadcasting of faxes. Western Railway does not allege that it received any subsequent facsimiles from Lusida.

On November 8, 2005, Western Railway filed a three count complaint against defendant Lusida in Illinois state court. Count I is for violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227 ("TCPA"); Count II is for violation of the Illinois Consumer Fraud Act, 815 ILCS 505/2 ("ICFA"); and Count III asserts a claim for common law conversion. The Complaint also contains class allegations. On January 5, 2006, Lusida filed a Notice of Removal to this Court.

On February 2, 2006, the same day it filed the present motion to dismiss, Lusida submitted a Fed. R. Civ. P. Rule 68 Offer of Judgment to Western Railway in which it offered an amount greater than the statutory damages available to Western Railway individually under the TCPA. Western Railway rejected the offer, and four days later, on February 6, 2006, it filed a motion for class certification pursuant to Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.


The purpose of a 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss is to test the sufficiency of the complaint, not to resolve the case on the merits. 5B Charles Alan Wright & Arthur R. Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure § 1356, at 354 (3d ed. 2004). When evaluating such a motion, the court must accept as true all factual allegations in the complaint and draw all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor. Hentosh v. Herman M. Finch Univ. of Health Sciences, 167 F.3d 1170, 1173 (7th Cir. 1999); Jang v. A.M. Miller & Assocs., 122 F.3d 480, 483 (7th Cir. 1997). Dismissal is appropriate only if "'it is clear that no relief could be granted under any set of facts that could be proved consistent with the allegations.'" Ledford v. Sullivan, 105 F.3d 354, 356 (7th Cir. 1997) (quoting Hishon v. King & Spalding, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984)); Jones v. General Elec. Co., 87 F.3d 209, 211 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 519 U.S. 1008 (1996).

Lusida asserts two separate arguments in its motion. First, it argues that all counts should be dismissed in light of its offer of judgment under Rule 68. Second, it argues that Western Railway's ICFA claim should be dismissed for failure to state a claim for relief. These arguments will be discussed in turn.

A. Rule 68 Offer of Judgment

Lusida first argues that all counts should be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction because there is no remaining case or controversy as a result of its offer of judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. Rule 68. Western Railway counters that its claims are not rendered moot by the offer of judgment because the offer only addresses its individual claims, and not those of the putative class. It contends that a motion to certify a class filed within the Rule 68 ten day offer period will avoid mootness.

A case becomes moot when the dispute between the parties no longer exists, or when one of the parties loses his personal interest in the outcome of the suit. Holstein v. City of Chicago, 29 F.3d 1145, 1147 (7th Cir. 1994). "Once the defendant offers to satisfy the plaintiff's entire demand, there is no dispute over which to litigate, and a plaintiff who refuses to acknowledge this loses outright, under Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1), because he has no remaining stake." Id. (quoting Rand v. Monsanto Co., 926 F.2d 596, 598 (7th Cir. 1991)). However, mootness requirements differ somewhat in cases such as this one where a plaintiff attempts to represent a class. If the district court has certified the class before the expiration of the plaintiff's claims, mootness is avoided. Id. "The tactic is precluded by the fact that before the class is certified, which is to say at a time when there are many potential party plaintiffs to the suit, an offer to one is not an offer of the entire relief sought by the suit, unless the offer comes before class certification is sought, and so before the existence of other potential plaintiffs has been announced." Greisz v. Household Bank (Illinois), N.A., 176 F.3d 1012, 1015 (7th Cir. 1999) (citations omitted).

The Seventh Circuit has not addressed the question of the effect of a motion to certify a class filed during the pendency of a Rule 68 offer of judgment. However, a number of judges in this district have addressed this issue and uniformly concluded that the filing of a motion to certify a class during the ten day period after a defendant makes an offer of judgment prevents mootness of a plaintiff's claim. See Parker v. Risk Mgmt. Alternatives, Inc., 204 F.R.D. 113, 115 (N.D. Ill. 2001) (claim not mooted where class certification motion filed before expiration of ten day period); Kremnitzer v. Cabrera & Rephen, P.C., 202 F.R.D. 239, 244 (N.D. Ill. 2001) (case not mooted where plaintiff "sought class certification during the ten days following the Rule 68 offer of judgment" because class certification motion "suspend[s] the Rule 68 offer of judgment directed toward him, due to the possibility that the 'adverse party' would change materially upon certification"); Asch v. Teller, Levit & Silvertrust, P.C., 200 F.R.D. 399, 400-01 (N.D. Ill. 2000) (same); Wilson v. Collecto, Inc., No. 03 C 4673, 2003 WL 22299022, at *2 (N.D. Ill. Oct. 6, 2003) (same). The court agrees with the reasoning of these decisions and holds that Western Railway's motion for class certification, filed four days after Lusida's Rule 68 offer, avoids mootness.

Lusida argues that the Seventh Circuit's decisions in Holstein and Griesz support its argument that a defendant can moot a potential class action by offering full relief to the named plaintiff if the offer is made before class certification is sought. However, both decisions are distinguishable, as neither addresses the issue of the effect of a motion to certify a class filed during the pendency of a Rule 68 offer of judgment. In Holstein, the plaintiff never moved for class certification. In Griesz, the defendant's motion was filed after class certification had been denied. "Although both of these cases make some distinction between settlement offers prior and subsequent to class ...

Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.