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Smith v. Crary

June 5, 2006


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Harold A. Baker United States District Judge

Order of Dismissal

The plaintiff, currently incarcerated in Big Muddy Correctional Center, filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. Section 1983 regarding events that occurred during his incarceration in Western Correctional Center.

The court is required by 28 U.S.C. §1915A to conduct a merit review dismiss claims that are "frivolous, malicious, or fail[] to state a claim upon which relief may be granted . . . ." A merit review hearing was scheduled to aid the court in this review, but was cancelled as unnecessary. The Complaint and exhibits already clearly set out the claims.

The merit review standard is the same as the motion to dismiss standard. The plaintiff's pro se complaint is liberally construed, taking the allegations as true and drawing all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519 (1972). Dismissal is appropriate only if it appears "beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief." Haines, 404 U.S. at 521.


Defendant Crary works in Internal Affairs at Western Illinois Correctional Center. On March 24, 2006, Crary interviewed the plaintiff as part of an investigation into sexual misconduct. Crary questioned the plaintiff about the plaintiff's sexuality and asked who the plaintiff "was getting down with." The plaintiff felt this was an invasion of his privacy and violated his freedom of speech and right to be free from cruel and unusual punishment. Crary threatened to charge the plaintiff with interfering with the investigation (a charge which can carry one year across-the-board punishment). Six inmates were investigated, including the plaintiff.

On March 31, 2006, the plaintiff was called back to internal affairs and threatened again with interference. The plaintiff then admitted to "getting down" with two other inmates, and those two inmates admitted the conduct as well.

Crary wrote a disciplinary ticket against the plaintiff for sexual misconduct. The plaintiff believes Crary singled him out because the plaintiff is bisexual, Caucasian, and chose to associate with Blacks rather than Caucasians. (4/9/06 grievance attached to Complaint). The plaintiff alleges that, "Everyone they popped off for sexual misconduct is Black except me, I am the only White guy." Crary chose to believe an unreliable informant, though what part the informant played is not clear. The plaintiff alleges that there was no physical evidence of sexual misconduct or other eyewitnesses, only the confessions of the plaintiff and the inmates with whom he had sexual relations. The plaintiff believes it is not the prison's business if two consenting adult inmates choose to have sexual relations in private. (4/9/06 grievance attached to Complaint).

The plaintiff was found guilty of sexual misconduct and was punished with three months across the board and a transfer.

The plaintiff also believes Crary's actions amounted to cruel and unusual punishment and says his life has been put in a dangerous situation. He asks for payment for his pain, suffering and embarrassment.


The plaintiff's allegations do not support a reasonable inference that his federal rights were violated.

The plaintiff appears to assert that he has a right to consensual sexual relations with other inmates. Inmates' rights under the Constitution are limited. The plaintiff's right to have adult, consensual sexual relations outside the prison does not extend inside the prison. Prisons have a legitimate interest in limiting physical contact an inmate has with others, even with close family members. If a prison can deny all contact visitation between an inmate and his family, a prison can certainly prohibit sexual contact between inmates. See Block v. Rutherford, 468 U.S. 576 (1984)(upholding blanket rule against contact visits between pretrial detainees and family); see also Hernandez v. Coughlin, 18 F.3d 183 (2d Cir. 1994)(no liberty interest in conjugal visits with spouse). The prison's legitimate interests in prohibiting sexual contact between inmates are too obvious for reasonable debate--preventing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, for example. The plaintiff's Constitutional liberty interests and "right to privacy," whatever their parameters, do not encompass the right to have sexual contact with other inmates.

Nor does an inference of an equal protection violation arise. Plaintiff believes he was unfairly singled out because of his sexual orientation and race. However, the plaintiff misunderstands the meaning of equal protection under the Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment does not protect against all unfair and arbitrary treatment. An equal protection violation means that the plaintiff was treated differently from others similarly situated. The allegations do not permit a reasonable inference that the plaintiff was treated differently from other similarly situated inmates. For example, no inference arises that sexual misconduct between Caucasian inmates was tolerated while sexual misconduct between White and Black inmates was not tolerated. Likewise, no inference arises that sexual misconduct by heterosexual inmates was tolerated, while ...

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