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Faip North America, Inc. v. Sistema

December 14, 2005


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Charles P. Kocoras, Chief District Judge


The following matter comes before the court on Defendants', Sistema s.r.l. ("Sistema"), Sistema USA, Inc. ("USA"), Gokalp Onay ("Onay"), and John Tobinski ("Tobinski"), (collectively referred to as "Defendants"), Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff's, FAIP North America, Inc. ("FAIP"), amended complaint pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(2) and (6). For the reasons set forth in the opinion below, Defendants' Motion is denied.


FAIP is an Illinois corporation with its principal place of business in Elk Grove, Illinois. Sistema is an Italian corporation with its principal place of business in Villafranca di Verona, Italy. USA is an Indiana corporation with its principal place of business in Evansville, Indiana. Onay is a resident of Newburgh, Indiana, and Tobinski is a resident of Evansville, Indiana. We assume the truth of the following facts for the purposes of this Motion.

FAIP, Sistema, and USA are in the business of developing, manufacturing, selling, and distributing electric pressure washers, pumps, and high pressure hoses. USA's pressure washers are manufactured, at least in part, by its parent entity, Sistema. Sistema's website advertises USA as its North American branch for selling pressure washers.

An important part of FAIP's business includes the development of trade secrets and other proprietary confidential information related to its products. This confidential information includes, but is not limited to, the machines, tools, and appliances used in FAIP's products; the methods and processes of producing such products; the products' specifications; the methods and results of FAIP's research efforts; and FAIP's marketing and financial information, which includes actual and potential customer lists and cost and profit information. In order to keep their confidential information secret, FAIP requires all of its employees to sign confidentiality agreements. When employment is terminated, FAIP conducts exit interviews wherein former employees are reminded of their confidentiality obligations. In addition, all of FAIP's computer systems and technical information are password protected. As FAIP employees, Onay and Tobinski had access to a majority of FAIP's confidential information and were required to sign the requisite confidentiality agreements.

According to FAIP, Onay left on poor terms and violated his confidentiality agreement when he went to work for USA. Onay allegedly left FAIP after attempting to undermine a business deal between FAIP and one of its suppliers. FAIP asserts that Sistema induced USA to hire Onay because he had knowledge regarding FAIP's confidential information. FAIP alleges Onay disclosed the confidential information and began, or at least tried, to sell Sistema washers to potential FAIP customers. FAIP specifically alleges that Onay used his knowledge of FAIP's customers and pressure washer pricing in an attempt to outbid a business deal with Home Depot. In essence, FAIP believes that Onay is directly assisting the Sistema Defendants, by way of his knowledge of FAIP's confidential information, to compete against it in the North American pressure washer market.

FAIP also believes that the Sistema Defendants recruited and employed Tobinski because of his knowledge of FAIP's confidential information. Tobinski remained a FAIP employee until August, 2003 and also had access to its confidential information. While so employed, Tobinski allegedly remained in contact with Onay and provided him with confidential information regarding FAIP's business opportunities and pressure washer products and programs. FAIP contends that from February 1999 to August 2003, Tobinski violated his Conflict of Interest Agreement by providing this confidential information to Onay and the Sistema Defendants. As with Onay, once Tobinski became a USA employee, FAIP asserts that he shared additional confidential information with one or both of the Sistema Defendants. Specifically, FAIP submits that Tobinski used a false password to log-in to FAIP's computer system and, without FAIP's authorization, allegedly accessed an email account and other confidential data.

On September 9, 2005, FAIP initiated this suit against the Defendants, and on September 19, 2005, filed a nine-count amended complaint alleging: (1) violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act; (2) violation of the Stored Communications Act; (3) misappropriation of trade secrets; (4) unfair competition; (5) breach of contract by Onay; (6) breach of contract by Tobinski; (7) tortious interference with contract; (8) breach of fiduciary duty; and (9) inducement of breach of fiduciary duty. Defendants bring the instant Motion to Dismiss the amended complaint, or portions thereof, on the basis that: (1) FAIP fails to establish personal jurisdiction over Sistema; and (2) the Illinois Trade Secret Act ("ITSA") bars Counts IV, VII, VIII, and IX.


A. Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(2)

Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(2) governs motions to dismiss based upon lack of personal jurisdiction. Under this rule, the burden of proof rests upon the party asserting jurisdiction; however, this party is only required to make a prima facie showing that jurisdiction exists. See Saylor v. Dyniewski, 836 F.2d 341, 341 (7th Cir. 1988). In a motion to dismiss based upon lack of personal jurisdiction, the court must accept all well-pleaded facts within the complaint as true, resolve all factual disputes in favor of the party asserting jurisdiction, and draw any reasonable inferences from those facts in the asserting parties favor. Dawson v. General Motors Corp., 977 F.2d 369, 372 (7th Cir. 1992).

B. Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6)

When considering a 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, a court evaluates the legal sufficiency of a plaintiff's complaint, not the merits. Gibson v. City of Chi., 910 F.2d 1510, 1520 (7th Cir. 1990). We must accept all well-pleaded allegations as true and will not dismiss a case for failure to state a claim unless the plaintiff cannot prove any facts sufficient to support his claim. Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957). All inferences are to be drawn in a light most favorable to the plaintiff. Jackson v. E.J. Branch Corp., 176 F.3d 971, 978 (7th Cir. 1999). To survive a motion to dismiss, a plaintiff need only provide a "short and plain statement" under Rule 8(a)(2); the particulars of the claim are not required. Midwest Gas Servs. v. Ind. Gas. Co., 317 F.3d 703, 710 (7th Cir. ...

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