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In re Marriage of Armstrong

March 04, 2004

IN RE: THE MARRIAGE OF DAVID L. ARMSTRONG, PETITIONER-APPELLANT, AND NANCY J. ARMSTRONG, RESPONDENT-APPELLEE.


Appeal from Circuit Court of Champaign County No. 97D376 Honorable Arnold F. Blockman, Judge Presiding.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Justice Appleton

PUBLISHED

In September 2002, petitioner, David L. Armstrong, filed a petition to modify his child support payments to his former wife, respondent Nancy J. Armstrong. In April 2003, the trial court heard arguments on David's petition. After taking the matter under advisement, the court denied his petition, ruling "no substantial change in circumstances [had been demonstrated] justifying a modification of [p]petitioner's child support from May of 2000 to [May 2003]."

David appeals the trial court's decision, arguing the court erred in not finding a substantial change in circumstances and in not modifying his child support payments. For the reasons that follow, we affirm.

I. BACKGROUND

The marriage of David and Nancy Armstrong was dissolved in July 1997. The trial court awarded David and Nancy joint custody of their three children. Nancy received residential custody, and David received reasonable visitation rights. The court ordered David to pay $1,250 per month in child support based on a marital settlement agreement. The record fails to provide information on the parties' respective incomes at that time but through admission in David's brief, we know his gross income at that time was over $90,000 per year.

In February 1999, Nancy filed a petition to modify the judgment. She asked the trial court to increase the amount of child support David then paid. Nancy filed a financial affidavit in March 1999 stating that her net monthly income, including the $1,250 per month in child support she received from David, was $2,445. David filed a financial affidavit in July 1999 stating that his net monthly income was $5,208. The parties stipulated that David's child support payments should be increased to $1,603 per month. In July 1999, the court entered an order increasing support to $1,603 per month based on the parties' agreement.

In April 2000, David filed his own petition to modify the judgment, which was heard in May 2000. A May 2000 docket entry shows the trial court denied the petition. In June 2000, the parties agreed to modify paragraph 7 of the dissolution judgment (child support) for 1999 only.

According to the court's May 2003 memorandum opinion and order, David testified that he voluntarily left his job with Papa John's Pizza in March 2000 to invest in and work for a company called Pizza Magia. His $25,000 investment in that business came from his parents. He had worked for Papa John's Pizza for eight years and was the vice president of operations. His gross income from that employment was approximately $90,000 per year. At Pizza Magia, his annual gross income would have been only $60,000, but David testified to expecting opportunities for greater growth and increased income. After hearing the evidence presented, the court denied David's petition, finding that he had not changed jobs in good faith. David did not appeal the court's May 2000 order denying the modification.

In September 2002, David filed another petition to modify the judgment, which was heard in April 2003. David testified that he was involuntarily terminated from Pizza Magia in September 2002 because the other investors made a $50,000 capital demand that he could not meet. In December 2002, he began working for Quality Dining, Inc., as a district manager. He testified that his salary at Quality Dining, Inc., was a "little bit higher" than it had been at Pizza Magia. According to an earnings statement introduced as an exhibit by David, he grossed $16,665.39 in the first three months of 2003 working for Quality Dining, Inc. This figure included an automobile allowance of $150, which he received biweekly. At that rate, his gross salary would total $66,661.56 per year.

At the same hearing, Nancy testified that she grossed $13,000 per year working for Mahomet High School. This was an increase from her income of $3,400 per year in 2000. (The record is not clear if $3,400 was Nancy's gross or net income in 2000.) However, Nancy testified that the children's expenses were greater than they had been three years earlier.

After taking the matter under advisement, the trial court denied David's petition in May 2003. In its memorandum opinion and order, the court explained its decision as follows:

"The [c]court finds that there has been no substantial change in circumstances justifying a modification of [p]petitioner's child support from May of 2000 to date. In May of 2000[,] [p]petitioner was making $60,000.00 per year as part owner of Pizza Magia with no expectation of any bonuses. No evidence was presented of any other employment benefits at that time. At the present time[,] the [p]petitioner is employed as a district manager for Quality Dining, Inc. He makes $66,661.56 per year plus a bi[]weekly car allowance of $150.00. Respondent was making $3,400.00 per year in May of 2000 and now makes $13,000.00 per year. The increased income of the [p]petitioner substantially offsets the increased income of the [r]espondent, particularly when combined with the greater expenses presently for ...

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