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HAUAD v. McADORY

United States District Court, N.D. Illinois


February 27, 2004.

JAIME HAUAD, Petitioner
v.
EUGENE McADORY, Respondent

The opinion of the court was delivered by: MATHEW KENNELLY, District Judge

MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Jamie Hauad has petitioned the Court for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Respondent argues that the Court should dismiss the petition as untimely pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(A), enacted as part of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA). For the reasons set forth below, the Court dismisses Hauad's petition without prejudice.

Background

  Jamie Hauad was convicted of murder and aggravated battery with a firearm in connection with a May 1997 shooting, and received two concurrent life imprisonment terms and a consecutive fifteen year term. His conviction and sentence were affirmed on direct appeal, and his petition for leave to appeal to the Illinois Supreme Court was denied. Next he filed a petition for post-conviction relief in state court, which was dismissed. The dismissal was affirmed on appeal, and the Illinois Supreme Court denied leave to appeal.

  On September 27, 2003, Hauad filed a pro se petition for habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Page 2 The petition seeks relief on six grounds: the state's failure to prove guilt beyond reasonable doubt; ineffective assistance of trial counsel; improper admission of evidence of gang involvement; ineffective assistance of appellate counsel; denial of fair trial and due process; a claim of actual innocence based on a recantation by a prosecution witness; and a claim of ineffective assistance regarding a particular jury instruction. The actual innocence claim is backed up by an affidavit from the only surviving victim, Miguel Salgado, essentially stating that he falsely testified that he saw Hauad at the scene of the crime, and that he in fact had not seen him on the day the shooting took place. Salgado also says he was never contacted by Hauad's defense counsel. This claim has never been raised in state court, as Hauad contends that he was not able to secure this affidavit until April 2003, well after the conclusion of his state court proceedings.

  Discussion

  Respondent has moved to dismiss Hauad's petition, arguing that it is untimely. A habeas petitioner must file no later than one year after the conclusion of his direct appeal or the expiration of the time for seeking direct review, in this case February 27, 2001. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). The time during which a properly filed state petition for collateral review is pending does not count against the one year limitation. See id. § 2244(6)(2). Hauad's post-conviction petition was filed on April 18, 2001, and his petition for leave to appeal as to the post-conviction petition was denied on October 2, 2002. Because 49 days had passed before Hauad filed the post-conviction petition, he had 316 days left after October 2, 2002 to file this case, that is, until August 14, 2003.

  As to all but one of his claims, Hauad identifies no proper basis for tolling the statute of Page 3 limitations. The fact that he was incarcerated and proceeding pro se does not excuse late filing, see Montenegro v. United States, 248 F.3d 585, 594 (7th Cir. 2001), overruled on other grounds, Ashley v. United States, 266 F.3d 671 (7th Cir. 2001). And the Court disagrees with Hauad's argument that the statute is unclear: it makes it very clear that the clock starts running when the direct appeal is over with and stops only if and when a properly filed collateral attack is pending. The only potentially meritorious basis for tolling that Hauad identifies is that he did not receive Salgado's affidavit until April 2003. But this would not, we believe, extend the time for Hauad's five claims that are completely unrelated to Salgado's affidavit, as four months remained on the clock once the affidavit had been secured.

  On the other hand, the presence of the "actual innocence" claim points us toward a resolution of the case, at least for the time being, other than dismissal with prejudice. That particular claim is raised for the first time in the habeas petition, and thus Hauad has not yet exhausted available state court remedies on the claim. As a general rule, when a court receives a habeas petition containing both exhausted and unexhausted claims, we are to dismiss the petition in its entirety, "leaving the petitioner with the choice of returning to state court to exhaust his claims or of amending or resubmitting the habeas petition to present only exhausted claims to the district court." Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 510 (1982); see also Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 487 (2000). This does not put Hauad at risk that his later re-filing of this case will be hindered by the rigorous procedural requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b), which governs the filing of second or successive habeas applications. After a dismissal of a mixed petition pursuant to Rose v. Lundy, the subsequent refiling is not considered a second or successive petition. Slack, 529 U.S. at 487. Page 4

  There is a good chance that Hauad's sixth claim will not provide a basis for federal habeas relief if and when Hauad brings it back to this Court. See Herrera v. Collins, 506 U.S. 390 (1993) (claim of actual innocence based on newly discovered evidence does not provide basis for federal habeas relief). But there is at least some hint of a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel contained in Salgado's affidavit, which conceivably might permit a claim cognizable in federal court. Our consideration of these issues, however, must await Hauad's efforts to present the claim in state court should he chose to do so.

  The Court therefore dismisses Hauad's petition without prejudice pursuant to Rose v. Lundy. Accordingly, the Court makes no final determination at this time regarding the timeliness of the petition. Hauad may seek reinstatement of his petition without his actual innocence claim, though he would run the risk that a future petition on this claim will be disallowed. Alternatively, he may attempt to exhaust in state court the claims arising from the Salgado affidavit, via a second post conviction petition in a motion under 735 ILCS 5/2-1401. He may then reinstate this petition in its entirety after completing the state appellate process (which includes seeking leave to appeal to the Illinois Supreme Court). Either way, the Court will not require him to file an entirely new case; he may simply file a motion for reinstatement of the present case. Page 5

  Conclusion

  For the foregoing reasons, the Court dismisses Hauad's petition without prejudice.

20040227

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