United States District Court, N.D. Illinois
February 9, 2004.
GAYLE RAVELING, Plaintiff,
HARPERCOLLINS PUBLISHERS, INC., a New York corporation, Defendant
The opinion of the court was delivered by: SAMUEL DER-YEGHIAVAN, District Judge
This matter is before the court on Defendant Harpercollins Publishers,
Inc.'s ("HCP")Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss. For the reasons stated
below, we grant the motion to dismiss.
HCP published a book written by Michael Corbitt ("Corbitt") entitled
"Double Deal." The book is non-fiction and it focuses on Corbitt's life
and specifically his involvement with organized crime. A photograph
appears on page thirteen of the book. The picture depicts Plaintiff Gayle
Raveling ("Raveling") holding a baby while standing next to man. The baby
is Corbitt's son named Joey ("Joey"). The caption states: "My son Joey's
christening in 1983 was one of the proudest moments of my life. Here, my
sister-in-law, Gail Barone, cradles him in her
arms while Joey's godfather, Sal Bastone, beams into the camera (Courtesy
of Michael Corbitt)." Raveling has filed the instant suit claiming that
the usage of the photograph in the book constitutes an invasion of
privacy. Raveling makes it clear in her answer to the instant motion that
she is solely alleging a false light invasion of privacy by HCP and
Raveling is not seeking to proceed under any of the other types of
invasion of privacy actions. Raveling contends that the inclusion of a
photograph depicting her in the book dealing with organized crime portrays
her in a false light by supporting the conclusion that she too is somehow
involved with organized crime.
In ruling on a motion to dismiss, the court must draw all reasonable
inferences that favor the plaintiff, construe the allegations of the
complaint in the light most favorable to the plaintiff, and accept as
true all well-pleaded facts and allegations in the complaint. Thompson
v. Illinois Dep't of Prof'l Regulation, 300 F.3d 750, 753 (7th Cir.
2002); Perkins v. Silverstein, 939 F.2d 463, 466 (7th Cir. 1991). The
allegations of a complaint should not be dismissed for a failure to state
a claim "unless it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff can prove no
set of facts in support of his claim which would entitle him to relief."
Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45-46 (1957). Nonetheless, in order to
withstand a motion to dismiss, a complaint must allege the "operative
facts" upon which each claim is based. Kyle v. Morton High School,
144 F.3d 448, 444-45 (7th Cir. 1998); Lucien v. Preiner, 967 F.2d 1166,
1168 (7th Cir. 1992). The plaintiff need not allege all of the facts
involved in the claim and can plead conclusions. Higgs v. Carter,
286 F.3d 437, 439 (7th Cir. 2002); Kyle, 144 F.3d at 455. However, any
conclusions pled must
"provide the defendant with at least minimal notice of the claim," Id.,
and the plaintiff cannot satisfy federal pleading requirements merely "by
attaching bare legal conclusions to narrated facts which fail to outline
the bases of [his] claim." Perkins, 939 F.2d at 466-67.
Raveling contends that the photograph of her holding the baby portrays
her in a false light. The tort of false light is intended to uphold "a
person's interest in being free from false publicity". Schivarelli v.
CBS, Inc., 776 N.E.2d 693, 700-01 (Ill.App. Ct. 2002) (citing Lovgren v.
Citizens First National Bank of Princeton, 534 N.E.2d 987 (111. 1989)).
To state a false light invasion of privacy claim a plaintiff must
establish that: "(1) [s]he was placed in a false light before the public
as a result of the defendant's actions; (2) the false light would be
highly offensive to a reasonable person; and (3) the defendant acted with
actual malice, `that is, with knowledge that the statements were false or
with reckless disregard for whether the statements were true or false.'"
Socorro v. IMI Data Search, Inc., 2003 WL 1964269, at *3-4 (N.D. Ill.
2003)(quoting Kolegas v. Heftl Broad Corp., 607 N.E.2d 201, 209-10 (Ill.
HCP contends that the mere inclusion of the photograph in the book does
not portray Raveling in a false light. We agree. We can envision some
possible scenarios in which the photograph could be used to portray
Raveling in a false light. For example, it is possible that the position
of the picture in the book or the accompanying pictures, captions, or
text could give the reader the wrong impression about Raveling's
involvement with organized crime. However, Raveling has made it clear in
her answer to the instant motion that this action is based upon her
contention that the mere placement of a photograph of her in a book about
portrays her in a false light. HCP correctly points out that Raveling's
objections are not based in law, but are merely based upon her own
displeasure and embarrassment resulting from the inclusion of a
photograph which accurately depicts her at the christening. Raveling does
not take issue with the caption for the photograph. She does not deny
that at the time that the photograph was taken that she was the
sister-in-law of Corbitt and she admits that she was the godmother of
Joey. Raveling has not pointed to any portion of the book other than the
photograph that would suggest that she was involved with organized crime.
Raveling does not contend that the subject matter in the photograph is of
a particularly private nature. Her only objection to the publication of
the photograph is that it was included in Corbitt's book. HCP contends
and Raveling does not dispute that Corbitt makes references to Joey in
parts of the text of the book. Raveling has not alleged facts that would
even suggest that she was portrayed in a false light. Neither has she
provided any allegations relating to why HCP acted with actual malice.
Therefore, we grant HCP's motion to dismiss.
Based on the foregoing analysis we grant HCP's motion to dismiss.
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