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May 13, 2003


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Arlander Keys, United States Magistrate Judge


The Defendants, TAP Pharmaceutical Products, Inc., TAP Holdings, Inc., Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd., and Abbott Laboratories, move the Court for an order compelling the Plaintiffs, Oakwood Laboratories, L.L.C. and University of Kentucky Research Foundation, to produce certain documents, which Plaintiffs argue are protected under the attorney-client privilege. For the reasons set forth below, Defendants' motion is denied.


Plaintiffs brought an action against Defendants, charging that Defendants' Lupron-Depot products willfully infringe Plaintiffs' `542 patent (the "`542 Patent"). Defendants sought discovery of certain documents and information, which they claim relate to the present litigation, but which Plaintiffs argue are protected by the attorney-client privilege. Defendants counter that any privilege attached to these documents has been waived by Plaintiffs in connection with another lawsuit between the parties that was brought in the Northern District of Ohio (the "Ohio Litigation").

In the Ohio Litigation, the tables were turned, and it was Defendant Takeda that accused Plaintiff Oakwood of willful infringement of Takeda's patents. Oakwood filed an ANDA*fn1 with the United States Food and Drug Administration ("FDA") for approval to produce and market a generic copy of Takeda's Lupron-Depot product. Relying on the advice of counsel affirmative defense, Oakwood voluntarily produced opinions of its counsel, Richard Sharpe, which discussed its 30-day sustained release leuprolide acetate generic products and whether it infringed Takeda's patent.

The Court has conducted a thorough in camera inspection of the documents at issue in this motion. The Court determines that the documents at issue herein are protected by the attorney-client privilege, that the privilege has not been waived as to these documents, and that the documents, therefore, are not discoverable in the present litigation.


Pursuant to Rule 37 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a party may file a motion to compel discovery when the other party fails to respond to a discovery request.*fn2 See Fed.R. Civ. P. 37(a)(2). The Court has broad discretion in ruling on discovery motions. Videojet Sys. Int'l, Inc. v. Inkjet, Inc., No. 95 C 7016, 1997 WL 138008, at *1 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 19, 1997). Parties may obtain discovery "regarding any matter, not privileged, which is relevant to the subject matter" of the action. FED. R. CIV. P. 26(b)(1).

When a client seeks legal advice from his attorney, all such communications are privileged unless the privilege is waived. U.S. v. Lawless, 709 F.2d 485, 487 (7th Cir. 1983). A waiver occurs if the party relies on the opinion of counsel to defend against a willful infringement claim in a patent action. Keyes Fibre Co., v. Packaging Corp. of Am., 763 F. Supp. 374, 376 (N.D. Ill. 1991). The waiver extends to all "communications and documents on the same subject matter related to the legal advice relied upon." The Thermos Co. v. Starbucks Corp. & Pac. Mkt., Inc., No. 96 C 3833, 1998 WL 781120, at *1 (Nov. 3, 1998). The reasoning behind the waiver is that a party should not be allowed to "claim reliance on the advice of counsel and, at the same time, conceal the full nature and extent of that advice." Id.

However, only information "calling for a legal opinion or interpretation" is protected. W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn. v. Viskase Corp., No. 90-5383, 1991 WL 141131, at *1 (N.D. Ill. July 23, 1991). The "privilege does not protect technical information such as the results of research, tests, and experiments communicated to the attorney. . . ." Id. (quoting Allen Organ Co. v. Conn Organ Corp, 204 U.S.P.Q. 1049, 1050 (N.D. Ill. 1979)). Further, the attorney-client privilege is narrowly construed, and the party asserting the privilege bears the burden to establish that the privilege exists. Lawless, at 487.

The Court has reviewed the contested documents described in Plaintiffs' privilege log and concludes that such documents are protected by the attorney-client privilege. The Court finds that these documents contain either proprietary information relating to Plaintiffs' patents, or legal opinions or interpretations that were provided by Plaintiffs' counsel at the request of Plaintiffs. Further, it is apparent to the Court that a significant number of these documents were prepared in anticipation of future litigation).*fn3

The Court also finds that Plaintiffs privilege log is not deficient and adequately describes the documents under each entry. The contested items in the privilege log generally describe the documents as investigations of Oakwood's microspheres and comparison of those products to TAP's microcapsules, issues relating to patent applications and legal advice provided by counsel; further, most of these items are described as "prepared . . . in anticipation of litigation." (See Pls,' Privilege Log). These descriptions are not misleading, as the Court finds that each entry sufficiently describes its corresponding document.

Defendants argue that, even if the documents are protected by the attorney-client privilege, such privilege was waived by disclosing certain information during the Ohio Litigation, including opinions provided by Oakwood's patent counsel, Mr. Sharpe.*fn4 One of the letters disclosed in the Ohio litigation, dated February 7, 1995, discusses whether an Oakwood product would infringe the Lupron-Depot patent. The letter assumed that if the `542 Patent was utilized to create Plaintiffs' product, it would not infringe the Lupron-Depot patent. However, the Court notes that the February 7 letter does not provide a legal opinion as to whether the Oakwood product infringed the `542 Patent. Instead, it discusses a process used, and subsequently discarded by Plaintiffs in making its commercial product. (Pls. Rsp. at 4.

Another letter, dated November 25, 1996, discusses the differences in Plaintiffs' process and Defendants' Lupron-Depot product in relation to a different patent — not the `542 Patent at issue here. Not only does the November 25 letter fail to discuss the `542 patent, but its contents consist solely of an analysis of whether the ...

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