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United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division

April 25, 2003


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Paul E. Plunkett, United States District Judge


Cassandra Dancho has sued the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority ("McPier") and one of its employees, Leonard Rodriguez, for, among other things, violating her Constitutional rights. Defendants have filed a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(c) motion for summary judgment on the 42 U.S.C. § ("section") 1983 claims that plaintiff asserts against them. For the reasons set forth below, the motion is granted.


Defendant McPier owns and operates Navy Pier in Chicago. (Defs.' LR 56.1(a)(3) Stmt. ¶ 2.) Defendant Rodriguez is employed by McPier as a security guard. (Id. ¶ 3.)

Plaintiff spent the evening of May 3, 1999 at Navy Pier with some friends. (Id. ¶ 8.) They left the Pier sometime after 10:00 p.m. and walked through nearby Olive Park. (Id. ¶¶ 7-10.) While they were in the park, plaintiff and her friends were attacked by a group of people. (Id. ¶ 9.)

Olive Park is patrolled by Navy Pier security officers. (Id. ¶ 12.) Rodriguez and Charles Volanti and John Bitoy, who are also Navy Pier security officers, responded to the fight in Olive Park. (Id. ¶¶ 11, 15.)

At this point the parties' stories diverge. Rodriguez says the flashlight he was carrying was knocked out of his hand as he tried to break up the fight and was picked up by a man named Vibencio Convegra. (Id. ¶¶ 17, 19, 22, 24.) Convegra threw the flashlight into the crowd, Rodriguez says, hitting plaintiff. (Id. ¶¶ 19, 22-24.)

Plaintiff says that Rodriguez intentionally hit her with the flashlight. (Pls.' LR 56.1(b)(3)(A) Stmt. ¶ 19.) She claims that his action violated her constitutional rights and seeks to hold both Rodriguez and McPier liable for those violations.

The Legal Standard

To prevail on a summary judgment motion, "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, [must] show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). At this stage, we do not weigh evidence or determine the truth of the matters asserted. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249 (1986). We view all evidence and draw all inferences in favor of the non-moving party. Michas v. Health Cost Controls of Ill., Inc., 209 F.3d 687, 692 (7th Cir, 2000). Summary judgment is appropriate only when the record as a whole establishes that no reasonable jury could find for the non-moving party. Id.


In Count III of her first amended complaint, plaintiff alleges that Rodriguez violated her Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable seizures. In Counts IV and V, she alleges that McPier is liable for his actions because of its failure to train Rodriguez and under the doctrine of respondeat superior.

Count V can be easily dispatched. McPier cannot be held liable on a section 1983 claim under the doctrine of respondent superior. Monell v. Department of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 694 (1978). Thus, McPier is entitled to judgment on Count V.

Plaintiff fares no better with Counts III and IV. Those claims, which are premised on Rodriguez's alleged use of excessive force, are only viable if there is some evidence to suggest that its was Rodriguez who struck plaintiff. Plaintiff says that the deposition testimony of Melissa Almaguer, a witness to the incident, provides the necessary evidence. (See Pl's LR 56.1(b)(3)(A) Stmt. ¶ 19.) Almaguer testified that she saw a Navy Pier security officer, who she "kn[e]w . . . was Hispanic," hit plaintiff with a flashlight. (See App. Defs.' LR 56.1(a)(3) Stmt., Ex. 12, Almaguer Dep. at 46-48, 51-53.) Almaguer did not, however, identify the officer by name or explain why she concluded that he was Hispanic. (Id.) Moreover, plaintiff has offered no evidence about the three security officers who responded to the fight — their ethnicity or appearance, for example — that would support the inference that Almaguer saw Rodriguez, not Volanti or Bitoy, hit plaintiff. Without that evidence, it is not reasonable to conclude from Almaguer's testimony that Rodriguez is the officer she saw strike plaintiff.

Plaintiff says that Almaguer had to be referring to Rodriguez because he was "the only law enforcement officer on the scene [who] had a flashlight out." (Pl's Resp. at 1.) The record, however, does not support that contention. Though Volanti testified that he did not have a flashlight that night, (App Defs.' LR 56.1(a)(3) Stmt., Ex. 11, Volanti Dep. at 11), he said he did not know whether Bitoy had one. (Id. at 14.) Moreover, Rodriguez admitted that he had a flashlight, but said he did not know whether anyone else did. (Id. Ex. 10, Rodriguez Dep. at 13, 15.) In fact, there is no evidence from anyone who was on the scene that night, including Bitoy, to suggest that Bitoy did not have flashlight. Absent such evidence, the record does not support the inference that Rodriguez was the only security officer with a flashlight.

In short, the record contains no evidence from which we can infer that defendant Rodriguez struck plaintiff with his flashlight. Consequently, Rodriguez and McPier are entitled to judgment on the section 1983 excessive force and failure to train claims that plaintiff asserts against them.


For the reasons set forth above, there is no genuine issue of material fact on any of the claims plaintiff asserts against defendants, and defendants are entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Defendants' motion for summary judgment is, therefore, granted. Having dismissed the only federal claims in this suit, the Court declines to exercise its supplemental jurisdiction over the state law claims asserted by plaintiffs in Counts I and II of her first amended complaint, which are dismissed without prejudice to refiling in state court. This is a final and appealable order.


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