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March 10, 2003


The opinion of the court was delivered by: P. Michael Mahoney, Magistrate Judge, United States District Court


Serene Hamilton ("Serene"), by her next friend, Louis Hamilton ("Mr. Hamilton"), her father, seeks judicial review of the final decision of the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration ("Commissioner"). See 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), 1383(c)(3). The Commissioner's final decision denied Serene's application for Supplemental Security Income ("SSI") pursuant to Title XVI of the Social Security Act (the "Act"). 42 U.S.C. § 1382(a)(1)(A). This matter is before the Magistrate Judge for Report and Recommendation pursuant to Rule 72(b) and 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B).


Serene filed for SSI on August 10, 1998, alleging disability beginning on September 24, 1994. (Tr. 24). Serene's application for benefits was denied on August 17, 1994. (Tr. 29). On October 6, 1998, Serene filed a request for reconsideration. (Tr. 28). Serene's request for reconsideration was denied on January 14, 1999. (Tr. 56). Serene then filed a request for a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") on February 23, 1999. (Tr. 62). Serene, with her mother and father, appeared without counsel before an ALJ on May 4, 1999. (Tr. 143). In a decision dated August 4, 1999, the ALJ found that Serene was not entitled to SSI. (Tr. 11). On September 30, 1999, Serene requested a review of the ALJ's decision by the Appeals Council. (Tr. 5-6). On February 20, 2001, the Appeals Council denied Serene's request for review. (Tr. 3).


Serene, five years old at the time of her hearing, (tr. 143), is a young girl suffering from autism. (Tr. 153). However, the present issue does not involve whether Serene is disabled and therefore entitled to disability; rather, the issue is whether Serene's parent's income makes her ineligible for SSI payments under § 1611(a)(1)(A) of the Act. (Tr. 11). Therefore, because Serene's medical history or question of disability was not discussed by the ALJ, the Magistrate Judge will not discuss it either but rather focus on the primary issue adjudged by the ALJ.

On May 4, 1999, Serene's mother, Dorothy Hamilton ("Mrs. Hamilton"), testified before the ALJ. (Tr. 145). Mrs. Hamilton testified that, although she was not currently working, she was collecting disability payments, since November 1998, of two thousand dollars a month. (Tr. 149). At the time of the hearing, that was Mrs. Hamilton's only income. Mr. Hamilton, on the other hand, at the time of the hearing, was employed by the United States Postal Service and was receiving approximately two thousand dollars a month in pay. (Tr. 150). Mrs. Hamilton testified that Mr. Hamilton has monthly child support payments from a prior marriage, although she did not know the amount. (Tr. 151). After reviewing the entire file, it appears Mr. Hamilton pays four hundred fifty dollars a month for child support. (Tr. 12).

Even with the money both Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton earn, Mrs. Hamilton testified that she cannot afford to put her daughter through treatment and send her daughter to seminars and other events available to assist autistic children. (Tr. 156). For example, Mrs. Hamilton stated that Serene's Auditory Training*fn1 alone was one thousand dollars, (tr. 155), and although deemed "experimental," Serene appeared to improving. (Tr. 76)("Since the therapy has been completed, Serene as [sic] been able to attend in classroom group activities. Previous to therapy, Serene could not participate in these activities because it was overstimulating to her and she would tantrum.") Additionally, each speech therapy session, which doctors recommend Serene continue, costs one hundred twenty eight dollars a hour. (Tr. 139). However, Mrs. Hamilton testified that her insurance pays for the speech therapy sessions. (Tr. 153). Mrs. Hamilton testified that all she seeks is enough money to put her daughter through the necessary programs to help give her daughter "the things that she needs." (Tr. 156). Based on Mrs. Hamilton's testimony, there is very little doubt that Mrs. Hamilton cares very much for Serene and seeks every possible treatment to help Serene improve. (Tr. 160)("Without money, my child is lost.")

Without even incorporating Mrs. Hamilton's disability income, the ALJ determined that Mr. Hamilton alone earned more than the allowable amount to be entitled to SSI. Specifically, the ALJ first established that Mr. Hamilton made three thousand one hundred sixty eight dollars and forty five cents ($3,168.45) a month from the United States Postal Service.*fn2 (Tr. 12). Next, citing § 416.1161, the ALJ deducted four hundred fifty dollars ($450.00) from Mr. Hamilton's monthly income as money Mr. Hamilton paid in alimony, getting two thousand seven hundred eighteen dollars and forty five cents ($2718.45). (Id.). Then the ALJ subtracted twenty dollars ($20.00) and sixty five dollars ($65.00) and one-half of the remainder of his income, getting one thousand three hundred sixteen dollars and seventy three cents ($1316.73). $2718.45 - $20.00 = $2,698.45 - $65.00 = $2,633.45 X .50 = $1,316.73. (Id.). Next, the ALJ subtracted the Federal Benefit Rate. In 1998 the Federal Benefit Rate was seven hundred forty one dollars ($741.00). (Tr. 13). $1,316.73 - $741.00 = $575.73. The amount left, five hundred seventy five dollars and seventy three cents ($575.73), the ALJ stated, is more than the 1998 Federal Benefit Rate for a single person of four hundred ninety four dollars ($494.00). (Id.). Thus, the ALJ found Serene not eligible for SSI. In 1999 the Federal Benefit Rate increased for a couple to seven hundred fifty one dollars ($751.00). (Id.). $1,316.73 - $751.00 = $565.75. Even with the increase, Serene still was in excess of the 1999 single Benefit Rate of five hundred dollars ($500.00). (Id.). Therefore, as the deemed income in 1998 and 1999 exceeded the single Federal Benefit Rate for Serene, the ALJ found Serene ineligible. (Id.).


For the sake of Mr. and Mrs. Hamilton, and Serene, the Magistrate Judge will proceed thoroughly through the applicable regulations so as to provide in detail the correct path taken by the ALJ. Section 416.1100 provides:

You are eligible for supplemental security income (SSI) benefits if you are an aged, blind, or disabled person who meets the requirements described in subpart B and who has limited income and resources. Thus, the amount of income you have is a major factor in deciding whether you are eligible for SSI benefits and the amount of your benefit.
20 C.F.R. § 416.1100 (emphasis added). Next, because Serene is a child and it is her parents' income which deems Serene ineligible, the Magistrate Judge looks to § 416.1165. Section 416.1165, titled How we deem income to you from your ineligible parent(s), provides, in its entirety:
If you are a child living with your parents, we apply the deeming rules to you through the month in which your reach age 18. We follow the rules in paragraphs (a) through (e) of this section to determine your eligibility. To determine your benefit amount, we follow the rules in paragraph (f) of this section. The rules in paragraph (g) of this section apply to changes in your family situation. Paragraph (i) of this section discusses the conditions under which we will not deem your ineligible parents' income to you if you are a disabled child living with your parents.
(a) Determining your ineligible parent's income. We first determine how much current monthly earned and unearned income your ineligible parents have, using the appropriate exclusions in § 416.1161(a).
(b) Allocations for ineligible children. We next deduct an allocation for each ineligible child in the household as described in 416.1163(b).
(c) Allocations for aliens who are sponsored by and have income deemed from your ineligible parent. We also deduct an allocation for eligible aliens who have deemed from your ineligible parent as described in § 416.1163(c).
(d) Allocations for your ineligible parent(s). We next deduct allocations for your parent(s). We do not deduct an allocation for a parent who is receiving public income-maintenance payments. The allocations are calculated as follows:
(1) We first deduct $20 from the parents' combined unearned income, if any. If they have less than $20 in unearned income, we subtract the balance of the $20 from their combined earned income.
(2) Next, we subtract $65 plus one-half the remainder of their earned income.
(3) We total the remaining earned and unearned income and subtract —
(1) The Federal benefit rate for the month for a couple if both parents live with you; or
(2) The Federal benefit rate for the month for an individual if only one parent lives with you.
20 C.F.R. § 416.1165. As the ALJ did, the Magistrate Judge will proceed through § 416.1165 as it applies to Serene. First, § 416.1165(a) requires a determination of Serene's parents monthly earned and unearned income. In his opinion, the ALJ did not consider Mrs. Hamilton's disability, which may be deemed unearned income, and therefore the Magistrate Judge will just look to Mr. Hamilton's income. Mr. Hamilton, as submitted by him, earns $3,168.45 monthly from the United States Postal Service. (Tr. 30). However, Mr. Hamilton pays $450 a month in child support and under § 416.1161(a),*fn3 this amount is deducted from Mr. Hamilton's earned monthly income.

Next, § 416.1165(b) requires a deduction for each ineligible child in the household. Because there does not appear to be any ineligible children in the household, § 416.1165(b) does not apply to the instant case. § 416.1165(c) requires a deduction for aliens who are sponsored by and have income deemed from Serene's ineligible parent. Like § 416.1165(b), § ...

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