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January 16, 2003


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Blanche M. Manning, United States District Judge.


Plaintiff James Solon has objected to Magistrate Judge Ian Levin's September 10, 2002, oral ruling denying a motion to reconsider his March 19, 2002, order granting the defendants' request for a protective order. For the following reasons, the objection is overruled.


The September 10th ruling was memorialized in an order which denied the motion for the reasons stated in open court. This order was entered on the court's docket on September 11th, and Solon asserts that the order was served on him on September 16th. The defendants first claim that the appeal is untimely because it was filed more than ten business days after the September 10th oral ruling. Rule 72(a) states that, "[w]ithin 10 days alter being served with a copy of the magistrate judge's order, a party may serve and file objections to the order." Rule 72(a) "contemplates a written order as the trigger that begins the ten day period." Santelli v. Electro-Motive, No, 97 C 5702 1999 WL 717824 *1 (N.D. Ill. Aug. 17, 1999). The September 10th order indicates that notices were mailed by the clerk's office, so it is entirely likely that Solon received the order on September 16th. The court declines to expound upon whether receipt or the order's entry date starts the ten-day appellate clock, as it is irrelevant since Solon's arguments on the merits are not persuasive.

Anyone familiar with the contentious and fractious past history of this case will not be surprised to read that the defendants next raise yet another threshold procedural argument: that Solon's appeal is untimely because an appeal from the denial of a motion to reconsider is really an untimely appeal from the underlying merits ruling. The court disagrees. All rulings in a case at the trial level are interlocutory and subject to revision (using the appropriate standard of review) until a final judgment issues. See generally Miami Nation of Indians of Indiana, Inc. v. Babbitt, 112 F. Supp.2d 742, 762 (N.D. Ind. 2000).

It is true that a belated or successive motion to reconsider an order does not extend the time for appellate review of that order. Gary v. Sheahan, 188 F.3d 891, 893 (7th Cir. 1999). Instead, it is simply "a motion filed after ten days: it does not restart the clock for appellate review" of the original order. Id. The order addressing the motion to reconsider, however, is still reviewable in that this court may determine whether the magistrate judge committed clear error when he denied it. All this is, however, splitting hairs. Regardless of whether the court reviews Magistrate Judge Levin's original order limiting discovery or the order denying the motion to reconsider, Solon still cannot prevail.

The order presently at issue in this case is a protective order which was entered in response to Solon's requests for information about current and former Kaplan, Begy & von Ohlen ("KBV") employees. Solon is a former partner at KBV, and claims that he was a partner in name only and that he was forced out of KBV based on his age and because he investigated incidents of sexual harassment at the firm.

Because the order addresses a nondispositive discovery matter, this court's review is limited to considering whether it was "clearly erroneous or contrary to law," Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a). A finding is clearly erroneous when the court is left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed. Anderson v. City of Bessemer, 470 U.S. 564, 573 (1985); Weeks v. Samsung Heavy Indus. Co., Ltd., 126 F.3d 926, 943 (7th Cir. 1997). After carefully reviewing the parties' submissions, the court is not left with a definite and firm conviction that the protective order is clearly erroneous or contrary to law.

With respect to von Ohlen, who allegedly engaged in harassment at KBV, the details relating to his purported harassment of various KBV employees are not germane to Solon's retaliation claim because they are not necessary to show that Solon engaged in protected activity. To prevail on his retaliation claim, Solon needs only to establish that he opposed an employment practice that he believed, in good faith, was unlawful. See Alexander v. Gerhardt Enteiprises, Inc., 40 F.3d 187, 195-96 (7th Cir. 1994). This means he needs to establish what he knew at the time in question. By definition, discovery to learn things he did not know is unnecessary to meet this standard. Magistrate Judge Levin, therefore, did not commit clear error when he found that Solon was not entitled to pursue "inflammatory" and "ancillary" details.

Similarly, pursuing discovery about alleged harassment of former employees is not relevant to Solon's claims that the defendants breached the partnership agreement, breached the covenant of good faith and fair dealing, and breached fiduciary duties. It also does not have any bearing on whether Solon was ousted based on his age.

The court, in short, disagrees with Solon's claim that the magistrate judge's discovery order prevents him from developing and proving his case. Under the liberal standard of review applicable to discovery orders, Solon cannot prevail. His objections are, therefore, overruled.


Solon's objection [72-1] to Magistrate Judge Levin's September 10, 2002, ...

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