United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, Eastern Division
January 14, 2003
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Blanche M. Manning, United States District Judge
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter comes before this Court on the sentencing of Defendant Omar Feliciano. For the reasons set forth below and in open court on November 22, 2002, this Court OVERRULES Feliciano' s Objections to the Presentence Report [751-1] and sentences Feliciano to 360 months incarceration.
A complete summary of the sixth superseding indictment and the facts of this case are contained in this Court's prior Memorandum and Orders, and therefore, the Court will only briefly review the facts of this case. The Government's Sixth Superceding Indictment alleged that Defendant Miedzianowski, a former Chicago Police Officer, along with other Defendants, including Feliciano, conspired with others to commit acts of racketeering and to distribute narcotics. After a three month trial, the jury found Feliciano guilty of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute narcotics (Count 2).
After his conviction, the United States Probation Office completed a Presentence Investigation Report ("PSI"). Using the 2001 edition of the United States Sentencing Guidelines ("the Guidelines"), the Probation Office found that under section 2D1.1 of the Guidelines, the base offense level was 36 on the grounds that Feliciano possessed with intent to distribute over 500 grams of cocaine base and over 50 pounds of marijuana. The Probation Officc also assessed Feliciano a 2 point increase, pursuant to section 2D1.1(b)(1), for the use of a firearm in the conspiracy. In addition, Feliciano was given a 2 point increase for obstruction of justice, pursuant to 3C1.1, for falsely claiming that he had mental health problems in an attempt to obtain a downward departure from this Court. Accordingly, the Probation Office calculated Feliciano's total offense level as a 40.
Feliciano objects to the PSI on the grounds that the Probation Office incorrectly: (1) determined the amount of drugs which Feliciano was responsible for; (2) gave him an enhancement for use of a firearm; (3) found that he lied to this Court regarding his mental condition in an attempt to delay his sentence and/or obtain a downward departure. Feliciano also contends that he should be granted a downward departure based on his status as a confidential informant during the time of the conspiracy. The Court will address each of these four contentions in turn.
A. Amount of Drugs Attributable to Defendant
Feliciano contends that the Probation Office incorrectly calculated the amount of drugs attributable to him because the amount is based upon statements made by Feliciano in his proffer statement which should not be used against him. Without regard to the admissibility of Feliciano's proffer, this Court finds that the Probation Office's determination of the amount of drugs was supported by the testimony of Feliciano's Co-Defendants. Co-Defendant Fred Rock testified that he supplied Feliciano with over 500 grams of cocaine base. Under 2D1.1(c)(2), this 500 grams is enough in itself to support the level reached in the PSL Therefore, the Court overrules Feliciano's objection on this issue.
B. Dangerous Weapon Enhancement
Feliciano further objects to Probation Office's 2 level increase under section 2D1.1(b)(1) for the possession of a dangerous weapon on the grounds that there was no evidence that he possessed any dangerous weapons. After examining the evidence at trial, the Court finds this objection is likewise without merit. Defendant Miedzianowski, who was a Chicago Police Officer at the time of the conspiracy, obviously carried a firearm and used both his police authority and his firearm in furtherance of the conspiracy. Also, when Feliciano was arrested, two handguns were found in the apartment he was believed to be residing in.
C. Obstruction of Justice
Feliciano also objects to the Probation Office's conclusion that he obstructed justice under section 3C1.1 by filing motions with the Court seeking to have a mental health exam and for downward departure based on his mental health.
Application Note 4(f) provides that an adjustment for obstruction of justice is appropriate if the defendant provides "materially false evidence" to the court. Material evidence is defined as "evidence, fact, statement, or information, . . . that if believed, would tend to influence or affect the issue under determination." Application Note 5(d), Section 3C1.1.
Here, the doctor's report, which was made at the request of this Court, states that Feliciano does not suffer from a mental defect which would render him incompetent and that "evidence of malingering in Mr. Feliciano's case is overwhelming." This Court thus finds that Feliciano submitted false statements to this Court in an attempt to present an untrue picture of his mental health so as to favorably affect his sentence under section 5K2.13.
D. Confidential Informant
Feliciano also contends that he should be granted a downward departure based on his status as a confidential informant during the time of the conspiracy. Essentially, Feliciano is arguing that any illegal actions he took were in reliance on his status as a confidential informant for Co-Defendant Miedzianowski. While reliance upon public authority is a defense, such reliance must be reasonable. Here, however, the evidence clearly shows that any reliance on his status of a confidential informant was not reasonable. For example, Co-Defendant Miedzianowski gave drugs to Feliciano to sell for him. A reasonable person could not believe that selling kilo quantities of cocaine and splitting the proceeds with the police would be a legal activity. Consequently, the Court rejects this contention.
In sum, this Court OVERRULES Feliciano's objections and finds that Feliciano has a total offense level of 40 and a criminal history category of 3, which results in a sentence of 360 months to life. As set forth in open court on November 22, 2002, this Court sentences Feliciano to the low-end of the guidelines — 360 months.*fn1
For the foregoing reasons, this Court OVERRULES Feliciano's objections [752-1] and finds that Feliciano has a total offense level of 40 and a criminal history category of 3, which results in a sentence of 360 months to life. As set forth in open court on November 22, 2002, this Court sentences Feliciano to the low-end of the guidelines — 360 months.
IT IS SO ORDERED.