Appeal from the Circuit Court of Madison County. Nos. 96-L-785, 96-L-862, 97-L-182, & 97-L-238 Honorable Nicholas G. Byron, Judge, presiding.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Justice Goldenhersh
IN THE COURT OF APPEALS OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS
Defendant Central Illinois Public Service Company (hereinafter CIPS) appeals from the denial of its motion to transfer venue from Madison County to Jasper County on the grounds of forum non conveniens. Defendant Dover Elevator Company takes no part in this appeal. We affirm.
On November 15, 1995, 24 boilermakers were on an elevator at the CIPS facility located in Jasper County when it plummeted 15 floors to the ground. Twenty-three of the workers sustained injuries, the majority of which were serious. The boilermakers were at the CIPS facility to do regular maintenance during "turn around" time at the plant. They had been sent to the Jasper County facility by Union Local 363, which is located in Belleville. There are only one or two "turn around" periods each year; thus, the boilermakers do not work at the Jasper County CIPS facility year-round. Numerous lawsuits were filed against both CIPS and defendant Dover Electric Company, the manufacturer of the elevator in question, by both the injured workers and their spouses. Twenty-two of the injured boilermakers filed suit in Madison County. However, one plaintiff, Jason Cutsinger, filed suit in Williamson County.
CIPS, pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 384 (137 Ill. 2d R. 384), moved to transfer the Williamson County action to Madison County and consolidate for pretrial proceedings, alleging that the transfer and consolidation to Madison County would be convenient for the parties and witnesses and "would promote the just and efficient conduct of the actions." On January 21, 1998, the Illinois Supreme Court allowed CIPS's Rule 384 motion to transfer from Williamson County to Madison County and consolidated it with the other pending cases arising from the elevator accident that had been filed in Madison County. The transfer concerned only pretrial matters.
CIPS filed a motion to transfer venue from Madison County to Jasper County on the basis that neither defendant was a resident of Madison County and that neither defendant does business in Madison County. The trial court denied this motion because defendant Dover Elevator Company admitted in its answer and amended answer that it was, and still is, doing business in Madison County and is, therefore, a resident of Madison County under the venue statutes. 735 ILCS 5/2-101, 2-202 (West 1992). We affirmed in an unpublished Rule 23 order (166 Ill. 2d R. 23). Niepotter v. Central Illinois Public Service Co., No. 5-97-0280 (June 2, 1998).
Thereafter, CIPS also filed motions to transfer on the grounds of forum non conveniens. The trial court heard arguments from the parties and ultimately denied CIPS's motion to transfer. CIPS now appeals.
The sole issue before us is whether the trial court abused its discretion when it denied CIPS's motion to transfer under the doctrine of forum non conveniens. CIPS contends that the trial court abused its discretion because the actions have limited connections to Madison County. CIPS argues that it would be more convenient and expeditious to resolve this matter in Jasper County, the county in which the accident occurred. CIPS maintains that the balance of relevant factors we are to consider strongly favors Jasper County. Plaintiffs respond that the selection of a forum by a plaintiff should not be disturbed unless the factors strongly favor another forum. Plaintiffs contend that Madison County is a proper forum and that the trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying CIPS's motion to transfer venue on the basis of forum non conveniens. We agree with plaintiffs.
In a forum non conveniens motion, it is presupposed that more than one forum is proper. A court in which an action is filed can decline jurisdiction and direct the lawsuit to another forum if it determines that the alternate forum will better serve the convenience of the parties and the ends of Justice. Peile v. Skelgas, Inc., 163 Ill. 2d 323, 645 N.E.2d 184 (1994). A court's determination of whether to transfer on the basis of forum non conveniens is a matter of discretion, and absent an abuse of that discretion, the trial court's determination will not be overturned on appeal. Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 336, 645 N.E.2d at 190. The doctrine of forum non conveniens is a flexible one requiring an evaluation of all of the circumstances, rather than a concentration on any one factor. Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 336-37, 645 N.E.2d at 190.
A plaintiff's right to select a forum is a substantial one, and the plaintiff's choice will not be disturbed unless the factors weigh strongly in favor of transfer. Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 337, 645 N.E.2d at 191. Venue is assumed to be convenient if the plaintiff files in his county of residence. Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 337, 645 N.E.2d at 191. Similarly, if the county of choice is the situs of the accident or the injury, the plaintiff's choice should be accorded deference because the litigation then has the aspect of a localized controversy. Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 337, 645 N.E.2d at 191.
To determine if the doctrine of forum non conveniens applies, the court must balance both the private-interest and public-interest factors against the substantial deference afforded the plaintiff's forum choice. Hefner v. Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corp., 276 Ill. App. 3d 1099, 1101, 659 N.E.2d 448, 451 (1995); Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 337, 645 N.E.2d at 191. The private-interest factors are those that affect the convenience of the parties and include the ease of access to sources of proof, the availability of witnesses by both compulsive and voluntary means and the costs associated therewith, the location of the situs of the injury should a view become relevant, and "`all other practical problems that make trial of a case easy, expeditious, and inexpensive.'" Hefner, 276 Ill. App. 3d at 1102, 659 N.E.2d at 451, quoting Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert, 330 U.S. 501, 508, 91 L. Ed. 1055, 1062, 67 S. Ct. 839, 843 (1947). Other private-interest factors include the plaintiff's residence (Peile, 163 Ill. 2d at 337-38, 645 N.E.2d at 191) and the complexity of the litigation (Mowen v. Illinois Valley Supply Co., 257 Ill. App. 3d 712, 717, 629 N.E.2d 176, 178 (1994). The public-interest factors, which impact upon the court's administration of the case, include court congestion, an interest in having "localized controversies decided at home," and the burden jury duty places upon local citizens in an unrelated forum. Gulf Oil Corp., 330 U.S. at 509, 91 L. Ed. at 1063, 67 S. Ct. at 843.
On a motion to transfer under the doctrine of forum non conveniens, the defendant bears the burden to show that the factors weigh so strongly in the defendant's favor that the plaintiff's right to select a forum should be overturned. Brown v. Illinois Power Co., 269 Ill. App. 3d 1107, 1109, 647 N.E.2d 1112, 1114 (1995), citing Griffith v. Mitsubishi Aircraft International, Inc., 136 Ill. 2d 101, 106, 554 N.E.2d 209, 211 (1990). The role of this court is not to substitute its judgment for that of the trial court, or even to determine whether the trial court exercised its discretion wisely, but rather our role is to determine whether the trial court abused its discretion. Elling v. State Farm Mutual Auto Ins. Co., 291 Ill. App. 3d 311, 317, 683 N.E.2d 929, 934 (1997). In this regard, our supreme court has specifically stated: "In most instances, the plaintiff's initial choice of forum will prevail, provided venue is proper and the inconvenience factors attached to such forum do not greatly outweigh the plaintiff's substantial right to try the ...