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People v. Perry

Illinois Appellate Court


December 31, 1998

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE,
v.
SIDNEY PERRY, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Justice Greiman

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County

Honorable Themis N. Karnezis, Judge Presiding.

A jury found defendant Sidney Perry guilty of first degree murder for the shooting death of William Yousef, of armed robbery of William Yousef, and of armed robbery of Hani Hamad. The trial court imposed a sentence of natural life in prison without parole for the murder.

On direct appeal, defendant raised several issues, including whether his convictions should be reversed because he used psychotropic medication during his trial and did not receive a fitness hearing at that time. We considered this issue under the amended version of section 104-21(a) in effect December 31, 1996 (725 ILCS 5/104-21(a) (West 1996)) and concluded that reversal was not required in People v. Perry, 292 Ill. App. 3d 705 (1997).

On October 6, 1998, the Illinois Supreme Court entered a supervisory order directing this court to vacate its judgment and reconsider it in light of People v. Kinkead, 182 Ill. 2d 316 (1998).

Pursuant to that mandate, we hereby vacate our judgment in case No. 1-96-0037. As held in Kinkead, we apply the prior version of the psychotropic medication statute (725 ILCS 5/104-21(a) (West 1994)). Based on the prior statute, defendant was entitled to a hearing on the issue of his fitness because he was receiving psychotropic drugs at the time of trial in September 1995. Furthermore, we reverse defendant's convictions because more than three years have passed since the original proceedings and, therefore, a retrospective hearing would be inappropriate. See Kinkead, 182 Ill. 2d at 348 (five years had passed since the original proceedings), citing People v. Neal, 179 Ill. 2d 541, 554 (1997) ("retrospective fitness determinations will normally be inadequate to protect a defendant's due process rights when more than a year has passed since the original trial and sentencing"). We remand this cause to the circuit court for a new trial. The double jeopardy clause does not preclude a retrial because the reversal is not based on evidentiary insufficiency. E.g., People v. Mink, 141 Ill. 2d 163 (1991).

Reversed and remanded.

THEIS, and ZWICK, JJ., concur.

19981231


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