Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County. Honorable FRANCIS BARTH, Judge Presiding.
Presiding Justice Buckley delivered the opinion of the court. Campbell, P.j. and O'brien, J., concur.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Buckley
PRESIDING JUSTICE BUCKLEY delivered the opinion of the court:
This is an appeal from the final judgment of the trial court in a tax objection proceeding that overruled the objections and entered judgment approving the 1988 taxes levied by the Northfield Park District and the Park District of Oak Park (the taxing districts). The following issues are raised by the objectors on appeal: (1) whether the failure of the taxing districts to file their 1988 budget and appropriation ordinances with the county clerk prior to his extension of the 1988 tax levies rendered the 1988 extensions illegal and subject to objection by the taxpayers; and (2) whether the trial court's ruling deprived the taxpayers of their property without due process of law in violation of the Due Process Clauses of article I, section 2 of the Illinois Constitution and the fourteenth amendment to the United States Constitution. Ill. Const. 1970, art. I, § 2; U.S. Const., amend. XIV.
On June 7, 1988, the board of commissioners of the Northfield Park District adopted the district's combined budget and appropriation ordinance for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1989. On September 6, 1988, the board adopted the district's 1988 tax levy ordinance which was designed to defray a part of the appropriation.
On March 15, 1988, the board of the Park District of Oak Park adopted the district's combined budget and appropriation ordinance for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1989. On September 6, 1988, the board adopted the district's 1988 tax levy ordinance which was to be applied toward the appropriation.
At the time that the county clerk extended the 1988 taxes in 1989 for both taxing districts, no copies of the 1988 budget and appropriation ordinances had yet been filed with the county clerk. The county clerk did not notify the taxing districts of the fact that they had failed to file their 1988 budget and appropriation ordinances.
A certified copy of the 1988 budget and appropriation ordinance for the Northfield Park District was filed with the county clerk on March 3, 1995. A certified copy of the 1988 budget and appropriation ordinance for the Park District of Oak Park was filed with the county clerk on August 9, 1994.
The taxing districts claim that they inadvertently failed to file their 1988 budget and appropriation ordinances with the county clerk, and that the validity of the taxes is unaffected by the omission. The objectors contend that the taxing districts' tax levies are void in their entirety due to their failure to timely file certified copies of their respective budget and appropriation ordinances with the county clerk, as required by section 162 of the Revenue Act, now part of the Property Tax Code. 35 ILCS 200/18-50 (West 1996).
After paying the 1988 taxes under protest, the objectors filed their objections to the extension of the tax levies for both districts on February 5, 1990, alleging that the taxing districts had failed to comply with the statutory requirements.
Cross-motions for summary judgment were filed. On January 18, 1996, the trial court denied the objectors' motion for summary judgment and granted the taxing districts' joint motion for summary judgment. The court found that section 162 "requires action by the clerk to be a condition precedent to any sanctions to be imposed against these taxing districts."
According to the trial court, the sole remedy for the taxing districts' failure to file their respective budget and appropriation ordinances is the clerk's refusal to extend the levy, but only after properly notifying the districts. The court ruled that no "viable objection [was] created by the clerk's failure to comply with the provisions of section 162 *** . The statute *** does not impose upon the taxing districts themselves the burden of paying the price or incurring the penalty of the clerk's failure to carry out the responsibilities imposed upon that office by the General Assembly."
In the alternative, the trial court held that the taxing districts' failure to file their budget and appropriation ordinances must be construed as a procedural defect. Such defects, "not affecting the substantial justice of the tax, shall not vitiate or in any manner affect the tax" since they are readily correctable. Finally, the trial court held that by statute, there is no nexus between a taxing district's budget and appropriation ordinance and the validity of its tax levy. As a result, the appellees' failure to file their respective budget and appropriation ordinances with the county clerk prior to the extension of the tax levies did not nullify the otherwise valid tax levies.
On March 21, 1996, the trial court denied the objectors' motion for reconsideration. On August 30, 1996, the trial court entered a final judgment order, overruling the objections and sustaining the 1988 taxes as extended. ...