June 13, 1997
IN RE PROPOSED INCORPORATION OF THE VILLAGE OF HOMER GLEN (TOWNSHIP OF HOMER INCORPORATION COMMITTEE, PETITIONERS-APPELLANTS,
EDMUND SENDRA, EMILY SKOGH, AND RALPH SKOGH, RESPONDENTS-APPELLEES).
Appeal from the Circuit Court of the 12th Judicial Circuit, Will County, Illinois, No. 96--MR--7039. Honorable William R. Penn, Judge, Presiding.
Released for Publication July 16, 1997.
Present - Honorable Tom M. Lytton, Presiding Justice, Honorable Kent Slater, Justice, Honorable Peg Breslin, Justice. Justice Slater delivered the opinion of the court. Lytton, P.j., and Michela, J., concur.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Slater
The Honorable Justice SLATER delivered the opinion of the court:
Petitioners appeal from the order of the circuit court dismissing their petition to incorporate the proposed Village of Homer Glen. We affirm.
On May 28, 1996, petitioners filed a petition to incorporate certain lands in Will County as the Village of Homer Glen pursuant to section 2-3-5a of the Illinois Municipal Code (Code) (65 ILCS 5/2-3-5a (West 1994)). That section provides in part:
"§ 2-3-5a. Incorporation of village.
(a) Whenever in any county of 150,000 or more population as determined by the last preceding federal census any area of contiguous territory contains at least 4 square miles and 2500 inhabitants residing in permanent dwellings, that area may be incorporated as a village if a petition filed by 250 electors residing within that area is filed with the circuit clerk of the county in which such area is located addressed to the circuit court for that county. The petition must set forth:
(1) a legal description of the area intended to be included in the proposed village,
(2) the number of residents in that area,
(3) the name of the proposed village, and
(4) a prayer that the question of the incorporation of the area as a village be submitted to the electors residing within the limits of the proposed village." 65 ILCS 5/2-3-5a (West 1994).
The initial hearing on the petition was set for July 1, 1996. At that hearing, respondents appeared and were granted leave to file objections to the petition. The hearing was continued to July 2. Respondents contended that the petition was defective in a number of respects, including: (1) failure to obtain certain determinations by the county board as required by section 2-3-18 of the Code (65 ILCS 5/2-3-18 (West 1994)); (2) failure to include an affidavit of publication as required by section 28-2(g) of the Election Code (10 ILCS 5/28-2(g) (West 1994)); (3) the absence of a legal description on the signature sheets circulated by petitioners; (4) failure to indicate the specific date of the election; and (5) other alleged defects. On July 2, 1996, the trial court dismissed the petition for failure to comply with section 2-3-18 of the Code. Petitioners filed a motion to modify the judgment, seeking clarification of the court's ruling with respect to the other objections made by respondents. The trial court subsequently issued a modified order in which it sustained all of respondents' objections and dismissed the incorporation petition. On appeal, petitioners have addressed each of the objections sustained by the trial court. Since we find, however, that section 2-3-18 of the Code requires dismissal of the incorporation petition, we need not consider the remaining issues.
Section 2-3-18 of the Code provides:
"§ 2-3-18. In any county of between 150,000 and 1,000,000 population which has adopted an official plan under 'An Act to provide for regional planning and for the creation, organization and powers of regional planning commissions', approved June 25, 1929, as amended, the county board, by resolution, may provide that before the question of incorporating a village under this Division is submitted to the electors in response to a petition filed under Section 2-3-5 or 2-3-10 the county board must first determine that (1) the proposed incorporation is compatible with the official plan for the development of the county, and (2) the lands described in the petition as intended to be embraced in the village constitute a sufficient tax base as will insure the ability of the village to provide all necessary municipal services to its inhabitants. When such a resolution is in effect, the court in which such a petition is filed shall first require a showing that those determinations have been made by the county board. If no such showing is made, the court shall deny the petition. If such a showing is made, the court shall proceed as provided in Section 2-3-6 or 2-3-11, as the case may be. (Emphasis added.) 65 ILCS 5/2-3-18 (West 1994).
Petitioners do not dispute that section 2-3-18 is applicable to this case, nor do they contend that, at the time the petition was dismissed, the county board had made the required determinations. (We note parenthetically that the Will County Board made the determinations on November 21, 1996, while this case was pending on appeal.) Petitioners contend, however, that dismissal of their petition was premature. A full understanding of this argument requires consideration of two additional statutory provisions. Section 2-3-6 of the Code provides in part:
"§ 2-3-6. Upon the filing of [an incorporation] petition with the circuit clerk, the court shall hear testimony and rule that the area under consideration is or is not a village in fact. The ruling of the court shall be entered of record in the court. If the court rules that the area does not constitute a village in fact, the petition to incorporate the area as a village is denied and no subsequent petition concerning village incorporation of any of the land described in the earlier petition may be filed within one year. If the court rules that the area does constitute a village in fact, such court shall enter an order so finding and the proposition shall be certified and submitted to the electors of such area in the manner provided by the general election law." 65 ILCS 5/2-3-6 (West 1994).
This section requires the trial court to hold a hearing and make a ruling as to whether the area proposed for incorporation is a "village in fact." Such a finding is based on whether or not the incorporation petition meets the requirements set forth in section 2-3-5a. People ex rel. County of Du Page v. Lowe, 36 Ill. 2d 372, 224 N.E.2d 1 (1967). Section 2-3-18 of the Code makes it clear that the hearing under section 2-3-6 is to be held after the court determines that the county board has made the required determinations. ("If such a showing is made, the court shall proceed as provided in section 2-3-6 ***.") But when is the section 2-3-6 hearing to be held, and when is the inquiry into the section 2-3-18 requirements to take place?
Petitioners maintain that the section 2-3-18 inquiry and the section 2-3-6 hearing are to occur after the court rules on objections to the incorporation petition. Petitioners contend that objections to the petition are governed by section 28-4 of the Election Code, which provides in part:
"Objections to petitions for the submission of public questions which are required by law to be filed with the circuit court shall be presented to and heard by the court with which such petitions are filed. In such cases, unless otherwise provided in the statute authorizing the public question, the court shall (1) set a hearing on the petition, (2) cause notice of such hearing to be published, as soon as possible after the filing of the petition but not later than 14 days after such filing and not less than 5 days before the hearing, * * * and (5) enter a final order not later than 7 days after the initial hearing.
Where a statute authorizing a public question specifies judicial procedures for the determination of the validity of such petition, or for the determination by the court as to any findings required prior to ordering the proposition submitted to referendum, the procedures specified in that statute shall govern. " (Emphasis added.) 10 ILCS 5/28-4 (West 1994).
A "public question" is defined as "any question, proposition or measure submitted to the voters at an election dealing with subject matter other than the nomination or election of candidates." 10 ILCS 5/1-3(15) (West 1994). Petitioners argued in the trial court that the hearing held on July 2, 1996, was a hearing on objections under section 28-4. Petitioners further assert that inquiry into determinations by the county board under section 2-3-18 is outside the scope of such a hearing because of the language emphasized above. Therefore, petitioners maintain, while the circuit court could rule on objections to the petition, it should not have considered whether the county board had made the necessary determinations under section 2-3-18 at that time. According to petitioners, the section 2-3-18 inquiry should not be made until after the county board acts. We disagree for several reasons.
First, the emphasized language in section 28-4, rather than excluding inquiry into the requirements of section 2-3-18, may simply mean that the entire objection procedure outlined in section 28-4 is not applicable to a petition to incorporate a village. This is so because section 2-3-6 of the Code "specifies judicial procedures for the determination of the validity of such petition" and section 2-3-18 provides for "the determination by the court as to any findings required prior to ordering the proposition submitted to referendum." In such a case "the procedures specified in that statute shall govern."
Second, even if a hearing on objections under section 28-4 is permissible, we believe that the section 2-3-18 inquiry into the determinations by the county board should be made before such a hearing. Favorable determinations by the county board under section 2-3-18 "are a prerequisite to any proceeding before the circuit judge. " (Emphasis added.) In re Proposed Incorporation of Liberty Lakes, 119 Ill. 2d 179, 185, 518 N.E.2d 132, 135, 115 Ill. Dec. 607 (1987); see In re Petition to Call an Election on the Question of Incorporating the Village of Forest Knoll, 148 Ill. App. 3d 436, 499 N.E.2d 129, 101 Ill. Dec. 762 (1986) (trial court erred in ruling an objections to petition without first making determination under section 2-3-18 ).
Third, we note that the statutory procedure for incorporating a city imposes a requirement virtually identical to that contained in section 2-3-18. See 65 ILCS 5/2-2-14 (West 1994). Under that procedure, after the court determines that the county board has acted favorably, the incorporation process continues with publication of notice (65 ILCS 5/2-2-6 (West 1994)) and a hearing on objections (65 ILCS 5/2-2-7 (West 1994)). Although the procedures for incorporating a village and a city are not identical, we consider this to be another indication that favorable determinations by the county board were intended to be a condition precedent to further incorporation proceedings.
Finally, requiring petitioners to obtain a favorable determination from the county board before further proceedings are held conserves judicial resources. It makes little sense to hold hearings concerning the legal sufficiency of petitions, followed by possible appeals, when a negative determination by the county board may render the entire proceedings nugatory.
For the reasons stated above, the judgment of the circuit court dismissing the petition to incorporate is affirmed.
LYTTON, P.J., and MICHELA, J., concur.
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