Petition for Review of an Order of the Illinois Commerce Commission. No. 95-204; 95-413.
Released for Publication March 12, 1997. As Corrected May 13, 1997.
Present - Honorable William E. Holdridge, Justice, Honorable Kent Slater, Justice, Honorable Peg Breslin, Justice. Justice Breslin delivered the opinion of the court. Holdridge and Slater, JJ., concurring.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Breslin
JUSTICE BRESLIN delivered the opinion of the court:
Petitioner Illinois Bell Telephone Company (Ameritech) appeals an order of the Illinois Commerce Commission (Commission) which denied its request for compensation for the use of its payphone facilities. Ameritech argues that the Commission erred by denying its complaint for retroactive compensation and by finding that the tariff it filed was void ab initio. We hold that Ameritech is entitled to compensation beyond the revenue it received for carrier access services for the period between May 14, 1992 and April 5, 1995, as requested in its complaint. However, we hold that the Commission did not err by finding that the tariff filing procedure is not the proper procedure for obtaining compensation pursuant to section 13-510 of the Public Utilities Act, (220 ILCS 5/13-510 (West 1994)), and the tariff was thus void ab initio. Accordingly, we affirm in part, reverse in part and remand.
Ameritech provides pay telephone services to the public. To compensate Ameritech for these services, customers must normally deposit coins into the payphone. However, customers may place "1-800" calls (retail 1-800 calls) without depositing any coins into the payphone. In addition, customers may place "billable operator services calls" without depositing any coins. These calls are made in two different ways: (1) by dialing 0 plus the called number, which results in routing the call to the "presubscribed" operator services provider for the payphone, or (2) by dialing an access code before dialing the called number, which routes the call to the telecommunications carrier of the caller's choice. Billable operator services calls are paid for by charging the call to the caller's home or business telephone number, a calling card, the called party or a third-party number. When a payphone customer places a retail 1-800 call or a billable operator services call from an Ameritech payphone, the telecommunications carrier that is the operator services provider is the only carrier that receives any direct compensation for the call.
In 1992, the General Assembly enacted section 13-510 of the Public Utilities Act (Act), which provides that telecommunications carriers must pay just and reasonable compensation for the use of a payphone provider's services or facilities. 220 ILCS 5/13-510 (West 1994). Five months after the enactment of this statute, several independent payphone providers (IPPs) filed a complaint with the Commission in which they sought compensation pursuant to the statute. On October 3, 1995, the Commission determined that the IPPs were entitled to 30 cents per call for billable operator services calls and retail 1-800 calls initiated on their payphones. The Commission applied its ruling retroactively by granting the IPPs compensation from the effective date of section 13-510 of the Act.
Ameritech believed that it was not receiving any compensation for the "1-800" calls or billable operator services calls that were made from its payphones but transmitted and billed to customers by other telecommunications carriers. Accordingly, it filed a competitive tariff on April 4, 1995 which took effect on April 5, 1995. Under the tariff, those telecommunications carriers whose services were utilized by customers that placed retail 1-800 calls or billable operator services calls from Ameritech payphones were required to pay Ameritech a use fee of 35 cents per call. One month later, the Commission entered an investigative order to determine the propriety of this tariff. AT&T Communications of Illinois, Inc. (AT&T), MCI Communications Corporation (MCI) and Sprint Communications Company, L.P. (Sprint) intervened in the proceeding. AT&T, MCI and Sprint will be collectively referred to as the long distance companies.
Thereafter, Ameritech filed a separate complaint against the long distance companies seeking just and reasonable compensation for the use of Ameritech's payphones to make billable operator services calls during the period between the effective date of section 13-510 of the Act (May 14, 1992) and the effective date of the tariff (April 5, 1995). The complaint did not request compensation for retail 1-800 calls or intrastate, inter LATA 1 calls.
The parties presented the written testimony of several witnesses and hearings were held for cross-examination. The Commission hearing examiner issued a proposed order which declared Ameritech's tariff void ab initio and denied Ameritech's claim for retroactive compensation. Thereafter, the Commission issued an order which declared Ameritech's tariff void, directed Ameritech to refund all sums collected under the tariff, and denied Ameritech's claim for retroactive compensation. However, the order directed Ameritech to file a new tariff at a lower rate. Ameritech responded by filing a motion for clarification and a motion for extension of time to comply with the order. The Commission then withdrew its order and adopted the hearing examiner's proposed order. In addition to finding that Ameritech's payphone tariff was void ab initio, the Commission found that Ameritech was already receiving just and reasonable compensation for the use of its payphone facilities and services from the long distance companies. According to the Commission, the source of this compensation was carrier access charges, which are the fees paid by telecommunications carriers to Ameritech for switching and transmitting a call from Ameritech's central office to the telecommunication carrier's network. The Commission denied Ameritech's motion for rehearing and motion for stay, and Ameritech appeals.
The first issue on appeal is whether the Commission erred by determining that revenues received by Ameritech for carrier access charges may be considered compensation for purposes of section 13-510 of the Act.
Section 13-510 of the Act provides as follows:
Any telecommunications carrier using the facilities or services of a payphone provider shall pay the provider just and reasonable compensation for the use of those facilities or services to complete billable operator services calls and for any other use that the Commission determines appropriate consistent with the provisions of this Act. The compensation shall be determined by the Commission subject to the provisions of this Act. This section shall not apply to the extent a telecommunications carrier and a payphone provider have reached their own written compensation agreement. 220 ILCS 5/13-510 (West 1994).
Ameritech claims that the revenue it receives from carrier access charges cannot be considered compensation for purposes of section 13-510 of the Act. According to Ameritech, carrier access rates do not ...