The opinion of the court was delivered by: ALESIA
This matter is before the Court on Defendants' motion to dismiss pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12. For the reasons discussed hereafter, Defendants' motion is granted.
Plaintiff Charles E. Williams is employed with Commonwealth Edison. In June of 1994, Williams was directed to notify homeowners near The University of Illinois
in Chicago that their electrical service would be temporarily interrupted.
A suspicious homeowner flagged down Defendant University of Illinois Police Officer Traci Tuskey. Officer Tuskey stopped and questioned Williams. Williams' employee identification card was in the company truck; Officer Tuskey escorted Williams to the truck to obtain the identification. Once at the truck, seven University of Illinois Police Department squad cars arrived. Officer Tuskey then proceeded to search Williams. Nothing "improper" was found.
Williams subsequently brought a two-count complaint, alleging: (1) a violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983; and (2) a state violation for false arrest and imprisonment.
Defendants request dismissal of the complaint on the ground that the Eleventh Amendment grants immunity from suit in federal court. The Court agrees.
Williams, in response to Defendants' motion to dismiss, concedes that the Board of Trustees (captioned as "The University of Illinois") is immune from suit in federal court. See Kroll v. Bd. of Trustees of Univ. of Illinois, 934 F.2d 904 (7th Cir. 1991).
Regarding The University of Illinois Police Department, the Court does not believe that--like virtually all city or local police departments --it is a suable entity. See Reese v. City of Chicago Police Dep't, 602 F. Supp. 441, 443 (N.D. Ill. 1984). Rather, because the police department does not enjoy a separate legal existence independent of the university (or, more accurately stated, the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois), it and the university/Board of Trustees are essentially one in the same. See Ladien v. Bd. of Trustees, Univ. of Illinois, 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10216, No. 93-C-6573, WL 395078 *7 (N.D. Ill. July 27, 1994) (research division established by the Board of Trustees entitled to Eleventh Amendment immunity). Accordingly, as indicated above, as the Board of Trustees, it is immune from suit in federal court.
Regarding the individual officers, each was sued only in his official capacity. Indeed, as stated in paragraph seven of the complaint:
Each and all of the acts of defendants alleged herein were committed by defendants, and each of them, not as individuals, but under the color and pretense of the statutes, ordinances, regulations, customs, and usages of the State of Illinois, the University of Illinois, and under the authority of their office as police officers for said state and university.
A suit against an individual in his official capacity is a suit against the entity of which he is an agent. Kroll, 934 F.2d at 907. The entity of which the named officers are agents is, of course, the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. And, as noted ...