Appeal from the Circuit Court of the 9th Judicial Circuit, McDonough County, Illinois. No. 95--CM--594. Honorable John R. Clerkin, Judge Presiding.
Released for Publication October 23, 1996.
Present - Honorable William E. Holdridge, Presiding Justice, Honorable Tom M. Lytton, Justice, Honorable John F. Michela, Justice. Justice Michela delivered the opinion of the court: Holdridge, P.j. and Lytton, J., concur.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Michela
JUSTICE MICHELA delivered the opinion of the court:
The State appeals the dismissal of an information it filed against the defendant, Patricia Foxall, charging her with disorderly conduct in violation of section 26--1(a)(7) of the Criminal Code of 1961 (the Code). 720 ILCS 5/26--1(a)(7) (West 1994). The issue presented for our review is whether a charging instrument which accuses one of committing disorderly conduct by knowingly transmitting a false report to Illinois' Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS) under Section 4 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act (325 ILCS 5/4 (West 1994)) is legally sufficient when it fails to set forth the allegedly false report. For the reasons set forth below, we hold that such a charging instrument is legally insufficient and affirm the ruling of the circuit court of McDonough County.
Foxall, a school aide who is legally mandated through her professional capacity to report reasonably suspected instances of child abuse or neglect to DCFS (325 ILCS 5/4 (West 1994)), reported information regarding an alleged perpetrator of such abuse or neglect, Rhonda Reed. A DCFS investigation ensued and the report against Reed was determined to be "unfounded." See 325 ILCS 5/7.12 (West 1994); 325 ILCS 5/7.14 (West 1994). On February 6, 1995, a criminal information was filed against Foxall alleging that she committed an act of disorderly conduct by knowingly transmitting a false report to DCFS. Foxall filed a pretrial motion to dismiss the information for its failure to charge an offense under section 111--3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963. 725 ILCS 5/111--3 (West 1994). The trial court agreed and dismissed the information without prejudice.
On September 27, 1995, the State filed a second information against Foxall which is reproduced below:
"on or about the 29th day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand and nine hundred and ninety-four, at and within the said County of McDonough in the State of Illinois, [Patricia Foxall] knowingly transmitted a false report to the Department of Children and Family Services under Section 4 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act, in that said defendant reported that Rhonda Reed had committed acts of sexual misconduct, and did then and there, thereby commit the offense of DISORDERLY CONDUCT, in violation of Chapter 720, Section 5/26-1(a)(7) of the Illinois Revised Statute, (sic) contrary to the form of the statute in such case made and provided and against the peace and dignity of the same people of the State of Illinois."
Foxall again filed a pretrial motion to dismiss the information. The trial court ruled that the information lacked the specificity and particularity required under Illinois law and dismissed the information without prejudice. The State timely appeals arguing that its inclusion of Reed's name coupled with its statement that the report concerned alleged acts of sexual misconduct committed by Reed renders the information legally sufficient.
An information which "'apprise[s] the accused of the precise offense charged with sufficient specificity to prepare his defense and allow pleading a resulting conviction as a bar to a future prosecution arising out of the same conduct'" will survive a challenge to its legal sufficiency made for the first time on appeal. People v. Thingvold, 145 Ill. 2d 441, 448, 584 N.E.2d 89, 91, 164 Ill. Dec. 877 (1991), quoting People v. Gilmore, 63 Ill. 2d 23, 29, 344 N.E.2d 456 (1976). If, however, an accused moves to dismiss the information before trial, as in the instant case, the information must strictly comply with the pleading requirements of section 111--3 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963. Thingvold, 145 Ill. 2d at 448, 584 N.E.2d at 91-2; 725 ILCS 5/111--3 (West 1994). We review the trial court's decision to dismiss the information de novo. People v. Smith, 259 Ill. App. 3d 492, 495, 631 N.E.2d 738, 740, 197 Ill. Dec. 516 (1994).
Statutory language may, by its words alone, sufficiently apprise an accused of the charged criminal offense. People v. Grieco, 44 Ill. 2d 407, 409-10, 255 N.E.2d 897, 899 (1970). Conversely, there are certain offenses where the statutory language does not sufficiently particularize the offense, requiring the State to plead additional specific facts. See People v. Heard, 47 Ill. 2d 501, 266 N.E.2d 340 (1970). The State argues, however, that section 26--1(a)(7) of the Code does not suffer from this fault and reasons that because this statutory language describes specific conduct there is no need for the information to specify the exact means by which the conduct was carried out. People v. Wisslead, 108 Ill. 2d 389, 397, 484 N.E.2d 1081, 1084, 92 Ill. Dec. 226 (1985); 720 ILCS 5/26--1(a)(7) (West 1994). We disagree.
Section 26--1(a)(7) of the Code states:
"[a] person commits disorderly conduct when he knowingly transmits a false report to the Department of Children and Family Services under Section 4 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act[.]" 720 ILCS 5/26--1(a)(7) (West 1994).
Although section 26--1(a)(7) of the Code uses language which is specific in comparison to its companion statutory subsections (see 725 ILCS 5/26--1(a)(1) (West 1994)), the gravamen of the offense is the "false report." Thus, the charging instrument must perforce plead the allegedly false report Foxall made to DCFS to satisfy the constitutional requirement that an accused be informed of the "nature and cause" of the charged criminal offense. U.S. Const., amend. VI; Ill. Const. 1970, art. I, § ...