Appeal from the Circuit Court of the 13th Judicial Circuit, LaSalle County, Illinois. No. 94-CF-107. Honorable H. Chris Ryan, Judge, Presiding.
Released for Publication February 27, 1996. As Corrected February 28, 1996.
Present - Honorable William E. Holdridge, Presiding Justice, Honorable Tom M. Lytton, Justice, Honorable Kent Slater, Justice
The opinion of the court was delivered by: Lytton
The Honorable Justice LYTTON delivered the opinion of the court:
The defendant, Raymond Scott, was convicted of unlawful delivery of cocaine and unlawful delivery of a look-alike substance. (720 ILCS 570/401, 404 (West 1994).) He was sentenced to a four-year term of imprisonment on the cocaine charge and a concurrent two-year term on the look-alike charge. He was also fined $1,000.
On appeal, the defendant argues that he is entitled to a $215 credit against his fine for the 43 days he spent in pre-trial custody. (725 ILCS 5/110-14 (West 1994).) The State argues that the defendant waived this issue by failing to raise it at trial. (134 Ill. 2d R. 615(a); see generally Agostinelli, Waiver - The Rule and Its Consequences, 6 App. L. Rev. 29-39 (Fall 1995). The State cites People v. Toolate (1995), 274 Ill. App. 3d 408, 654 N.E.2d 605, 211 Ill. Dec. 143, in support of its argument. In Toolate, the Fourth District of the Appellate Court found that the defendant had waived his request for a $5 credit for serving one day of pre-trial custody. The court noted that it had previously found against waiver where the circuit clerk had failed to inform the defendant of the availability of the credit. When the legislature deleted the requirement that the circuit clerk inform the defendant of the credit (Pub. Act 88-287, eff. January 1, 1994 (1993 Ill. Laws 2472, 2474), amending 725 ILCS 5/110-14 (West 1992).), the Fourth District applied the waiver rule and denied the defendant the credit.
We disagree with the reasoning in Toolate and decline to apply it. This court has consistently granted defendants the credit. (See, e.g., People v. Mills (1993), 239 Ill. App. 3d 997, 607 N.E.2d 608, 180 Ill. Dec. 539.) We find no reason to change our position. The defendant has a clear statutory right to the credit, and we are reluctant to find a waiver of that right. (See also People v. Woodard, 658 N.E.2d 55, 212 Ill. Dec. 878, 1995 Ill. App. LEXIS 910, *11 (1995). Granting the credit is a simple ministerial act which will promote judicial economy by ending any further proceedings over the matter. Accordingly, the defendant is allowed the $215 credit. 134 Ill. 2d R. 615(a).
(The discussion of the remaining issue is not to be published pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 23 (Official Reports Advance Sheet No. 15 (July 20, 1994), R. 23, effective July 1, 1994).)
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The defendant's fine is reduced by $215. The judgment is otherwise affirmed.
HOLDRIDGE, P.J., and SLATER, ...