MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff, Richard Wargowsky ("Mr. Wargowsky"), applied for a period of disability and Disability Insurance Benefits ("DIB") on December 2, 1991. His claim was denied initially and upon reconsideration by State agency personnel. After a hearing, Administrative Law Judge ("ALJ") John L. Mondi found that Mr. Wargowsky retained the residual functional capacity for light work not involving unprotected heights or dangerous machinery. The Appeals Council denied Mr. Wargowsky's request for review. Consequently, the ALJ's decision became the final decision of the Secretary of Health and Human Services ("Secretary"). 20 C.F.R. § 404.981; Herron v. Shalala, 19 F.3d 329, 332-33 (7th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). On March 30, 1994, Mr. Wargowsky brought the present action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 405(g) seeking judicial review of the final decision of the Secretary. Both parties have filed motions for summary judgment. For the reasons set forth below, the Secretary's motion is granted, and Mr. Wargowsky's motion is denied.
At the time of the hearing before the ALJ, Mr. Wargowsky was forty-six years old. He is married and has one eighteen year old son who lives at home. Mr. Wargowsky's education consists of high school and on the job training for various specialties in fire fighting. From 1968 to 1991, Mr. Wargowsky was a fire fighter for the Village of Bedford Park, a job requiring a large amount of heavy lifting. On May 29, 1991, Mr. Wargowsky was involved in a motor vehicle accident. He has not been employed since that date.
At the hearing before the ALJ, Mr. Wargowsky testified that due to the accident, he suffers from a back injury consisting of a herniated disc, sciatic nerve problems down his left leg causing his leg to occasionally jump, dizziness, nausea, lack of concentration and ringing in the ears. He testified that he has difficulty walking, standing or sitting for prolonged time periods. He says he can do a limited amount of climbing stairs, bending or stooping. He said he is nervous, depressed and often does not sleep well, sometimes sleeping only every other night. Mr. Wargowsky testified that he takes allergy medicine and a dozen aspirin a day.
Mr. Wargowsky also testified that he can lift about 35 pounds, and his weight and appetite are normal. He works out regularly using circuit training to strengthen his back as prescribed by his doctor; cuts the grass in his small yard; occasionally cooks, vacuums and does laundry; drives, though not at night or on overcast days; and collects model trains and antiques. At present, Mr. Wargowsky sees his primary physician, Dr. Robert E. Eilers ("Dr. Eilers"), every two to three months and a clinical psychologist, Dr. Denise Gehrling ("Dr. Gehrling"), once a month.
The medical records produced at the hearing indicate that following the automobile accident on May 29, 1991, Mr. Wargowsky received emergency room treatment and then left the hospital. Mr. Wargowsky began seeing a physical therapist in June, 1991 who recorded that he appeared to have severe lumbar muscle strain resulting in pain and spasms. When discharging Mr. Wargowsky from physical therapy in July, 1991, the therapist noted that he had only a mild ache in his back which would work itself out with time.
An MRI of Mr. Wargowsky's lumbar spine taken around this time revealed a mild disc bulge at the L4-5 disc level, and an EMG of his lower extremities and low back suggested mild left L5 root irritation. A myelogram
and CT scan done in October, 1991 were normal.
In November, 1991, Mr. Wargowsky began treatment with Dr. Eilers. Dr. Eilers' impression was that Mr. Wargowsky's symptoms were most consistent with a myofascial pain syndrome secondary to his strain/sprain injury in the motor vehicle collision and with possible labyrinthine dysfunction.
An MRI of Mr. Wargowsky's brain conducted in January, 1992 was normal.
In February and March, 1992, Dr. Denise Gehrling ("Dr. Gehrling"), a clinical psychologist, examined Mr. Wargowsky. Mr. Wargowsky's performance was normal for perceiving speech and sounds, sensory motor integration and complex problem solving; his performance was mildly impaired for maintaining attention and concentration, cognitive flexibility and sensory perceptual functions for the left hand; and his performance was seriously impaired for psychomotor speed. Mr. Wargowsky's performance on tasks measuring learning and memory indicated significant impairment in concentration, long term recall and recall of verbally presented passages. His reading, spelling and arithmetic skills were in the high average range. Dr. Gehrling concluded that overall, Mr. Wargowsky's intellectual functioning and academic achievement were in the high average range but that he suffered from a cerebral dysfunction consistent with a closed head injury.
Dr. H. G. Frank ("Dr. Frank"), a neurologist, reported on March 5, 1992 that MRI scans of Mr. Wargowsky's lower back showed some bulging of the discs and perhaps a small herniated disc. An ENG revealed some mild left canal paresis, and MRI scans of the head and an EEG were unremarkable. Dr. Frank's neurological examination indicated that Mr. Wargowsky was intact to routine testing of memory, orientation, judgment, affect, thought processes and fund of knowledge. Dr. Frank's impression was possible post-traumatic labyrinthine dysfunction with ENG suggesting left canal paresis, subjective tinnitus (ringing in the ears), mechanical low back pain and a history of sciatica with no objective evidence of myelopathy, radiculopathy or neuropathy. Dr. Frank noted:
I don't think any further neurologic testing is indicated at this time. It seems that this patient is really quite healthy overall. I don't see any limitations at this point in time that would restrict him from returning to work in any capacity whatsoever. The injury, if related to the accident, in the left labyrinthe should not get worse with time. More likely it will improve with time.
Around this same time, Mr. Wargowsky had a functional capacity assessment administered by an occupational therapist and a physical therapist which indicated that he was capable of performing light-medium work.
In May, 1992, Dr. Anne Morgan ("Dr. Morgan"), a psychologist, conducted a mental residual functional capacity assessment in which she concluded that Mr. Wargowsky had a psychological or behavioral abnormality associated with a dysfunction of the brain as evidenced by memory impairment, change in personality and disturbance in mood. Dr. Morgan reported that Mr. Wargowsky was moderately limited in his ability to understand and remember detailed instructions, maintain attention and concentration for extended periods, carry out detailed instructions, ask simple questions or request assistance, accept instructions and respond appropriately to criticism from supervisors, get along with coworkers or peers without distracting them or exhibiting behavioral extremes, and respond appropriately to changes in the work setting. Dr. Morgan further noted that Mr. Wargowsky was capable of simple routine tasks within his physical capacities.
In June, 1992, Dr. Robert L. Tentler ("Dr. Tentler"), a neurologist, conducted another neurological examination of Mr. Wargowsky on behalf of the State of Illinois. Dr. Tentler concluded that there was no neurological basis for a herniated disc diagnosis. He also noted that although Dr. Gehrling's psychological report implied that Mr. Wargowsky's mental functions were impaired, there were no physical findings supporting Dr. Gehrling's diagnosis. Dr. Tentler diagnosed Mr. Wargowsky as suffering from subjective labyrinthitis.
Dr. Gehrling's report of April, 1993 noted that she was seeing Mr. Wargowsky on a monthly basis and that his rehabilitation potential was good.
ALJ Mondi called upon Thomas Grzesik ("Mr. Grzesik"), a vocational expert, to testify at the hearing. Mr. Grzesik described Mr. Wargowsky's past work as a fire fighter as very heavy and low skilled. The ALJ asked Mr. Grzesik to assume a hypothetical individual who was Mr. Wargowsky's age, possessed his education and work experience, was limited to light work, was unable to work at unprotected heights or around dangerous machinery, and possessed the mental capacities described by Dr. Morgan in her mental residual functional assessment. Mr. Grzesik testified that such an individual would not be able to perform Mr. Wargowsky's past work as a fire fighter but would be able to perform a number of jobs in the national economy including office cleaner (6000 jobs in the region), material handler (5000 jobs in the region) and hand packager (6500 jobs in the region).
After consideration of the entire record, ALJ Mondi concluded that Mr. Wargowsky was not "disabled" within the meaning of the Social Security Act. He acknowledged that the medical evidence established that Mr. Wargowsky has been diagnosed with myofascial pain syndrome and labyrinthine dysfunction. But he also determined that Mr. Wargowsky's subjective complaints were not credible to the extent alleged and that Mr. Wargowsky does not have an impairment or combination of impairments as defined by Social Security regulations. ALJ Mondi concluded that although Mr. Wargowsky is incapable of performing his past work as a fire fighter, he has the residual functional capacity to perform light work,
and there are a significant number of jobs in the national economy which Mr. Wargowsky could perform.
A. Standard of Review
The Social Security Act ("the Act") provides for limited judicial review of final decisions of the Secretary. 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 1383(c)(3). The role of this Court is only to determine whether the decision of the ALJ is supported by substantial evidence in the record. Wolfe v. Shalala, 997 F.2d 321, 322 (7th Cir. 1993) (citations omitted); Steward v. Bowen, 858 F.2d 1295, 1297 (7th Cir. 1988) (citation omitted).
In making this determination, the district court may not "reevaluate the facts, reweigh the evidence, or substitute [its] own judgment for that of the Secretary." Luna v. Shalala, 22 F.3d 687, 689 (7th Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). Rather, the court must affirm a decision supported by substantial evidence in the absence of an error of law. Herr v. Sullivan, 912 F.2d 178, 180 (7th Cir. 1990) (citations omitted); Edwards v. Sullivan, 985 F.2d 334, 336-37 (7th Cir. 1993).
B. Sequential Evaluation
In order to qualify for DIB benefits, a claimant must be disabled. Pope v. Shalala, supra, 998 F.2d at 477. The Act defines a "disabled" individual as one who is unable "to engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve months." 42 U.S.C. § 1382c(a)(3)(A); 20 C.F.R. § 416.905. To satisfy this definition, an individual must have a severe impairment which makes him or her unable to perform his or her previous work or any other substantial gainful activity which exists in the national economy. 20 C.F.R. § 416.905.
Social Security regulations require the factfinder to follow a five-step sequential inquiry to determine whether a claimant is disabled. 20 C.F.R. § 416.920(a)-(f). The Seventh Circuit has summarized the test as follows:
The Secretary must determine in sequence: (1) whether the claimant is currently employed; (2) whether she has a severe impairment; (3) whether her impairment meets or equals one listed by the Secretary; (4) whether the claimant can perform her past work; and (5) whether the claimant is capable of performing any work in the national economy. Once the claimant has satisfied Steps One and Two, she will automatically be found disabled if she suffers from a listed impairment. If the claimant does not have a listed impairment but cannot perform her past work, the burden shifts to the Secretary to show that the claimant can perform some other job.