The opinion of the court was delivered by: CHARLES P. KOCORAS
CHARLES P. KOCORAS, District Judge:
This matter is before the Court on five Motions for Summary Judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
First, the Wholesaler Defendants
move for Summary Judgment on plaintiffs' claims against them in the Consolidated and Amended Complaint under § 1 of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1. According to the Wholesaler Defendants, the plaintiffs' chargeback allegations find no support in either fact or law.
Next, the Manufacturer Defendants
move for Judgment on the Pleadings pursuant to Rule 12(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, or in the alternative for Summary Judgment, dismissing the indirect purchaser claims asserted against them in the Consolidated and Amended Complaint. As grounds for their motion, the Manufacturer Defendants maintain that the putative class plaintiffs, as indirect purchasers, lack standing under Illinois Brick Co. v. Illinois, 431 U.S. 720, 52 L. Ed. 2d 707, 97 S. Ct. 2061 (1977).
Finally, Defendant Burroughs Wellcome, Co. ("Burroughs Wellcome") moves for Summary Judgment in its favor on certain
individual plaintiffs' Sherman Act claims for treble damages under § 4 of the Clayton Act, 15 U.S.C. § 15. In support of its motion Burroughs Wellcome asserts that the plaintiffs in the various individual actions, with the exception of Plaintiff Albertson's Inc., have not purchased brand-name prescription drugs directly from Burroughs Wellcome. Accordingly, Burroughs Wellcome claims that under Illinois Brick, the plaintiffs who are indirect purchasers are barred from recovering treble damages under § 4 of the Clayton Act.
Each motion will be addressed below. Before proceeding, however, we first examine the legal standard from which to judge a motion for summary judgment.
Summary judgment is appropriate if the pleadings, answers to interrogatories, admissions, affidavits and other material show "that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(b). "Only disputes over facts that might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law will properly preclude the entry of summary judgment." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248, 91 L. Ed. 2d 202, 106 S. Ct. 2505 (1986). The party seeking summary judgment carries the initial burden of showing that no such issue of material fact exists. The moving party may discharge this burden by "'showing'. . . that there is an absence of evidence to support the nonmoving party's case." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 325, 91 L. Ed. 2d 265, 106 S. Ct. 2548 (1986). Pursuant to Rule 56(b), when a properly supported motion for summary judgment is made, the adverse party must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is not entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Anderson, 477 U.S. at 250.
In making our determination, we are to draw inferences from the record in the light most favorable to the non-moving party. We are not required, however, to draw every conceivable inference, but rather, only those that are reasonable. De Valk Lincoln Mercury, Inc. v. Ford Motor Co., 811 F.2d 326, 329 (7th Cir. 1987); Bartman v. Allis-Chalmers Corp., 799 F.2d 311, 313 (7th Cir. 1986), cert. denied, 479 U.S. 1092, 94 L. Ed. 2d 160, 107 S. Ct. 1304 (1987). The nonmovant may not rest upon mere allegations in the pleadings or upon conclusory statements in affidavits; rather he must go beyond the pleadings and support his contentions with proper documentary evidence. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 324; Howland v. Kilquist, 833 F.2d 639, 642 (7th Cir. 1987).
The plain language of Rule 56(c) mandates the entry of summary judgment against a party who fails to establish the existence of an element essential to that party's case, and on which that party will bear the burden of proof at trial. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322. "In such a situation there can be 'no genuine issue as to any material fact,' since a complete failure of proof concerning an essential element of the nonmoving party's case necessarily renders all other facts immaterial". Id. at 323.
It is in consideration of these principles that we examine the various motions before us.
I. The Wholesaler Defendants' Motion for ...