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CAMPBELL v. WILLIAMSON

February 10, 1992

RODERICK CAMPBELL, PLAINTIFF,
v.
DARYLE WILLIAMSON, ET AL., DEFENDANTS.



The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard Mills, District Judge:

OPINION

Campbell, a state prisoner, has submitted a complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. He claims that the Defendants—various law enforcement and correctional officials—violated his constitutional rights by denying him due process.

Plaintiff's petition for leave to proceed without prepayment of costs and fees is denied and the complaint is dismissed.

STANDARD

It is well established that pro se complaints are to be liberally construed. Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 92 S.Ct. 594, 30 L.Ed.2d 652 (1972), reh'g denied, 405 U.S. 948, 92 S.Ct. 963, 30 L.Ed.2d 819 (1972). "[A] district court judge should deny leave to proceed in forma pauperis if an action is frivolous or malicious." Wartman v. Branch 7, Civil Division, County Court, Milwaukee County, State of Wisconsin, 510 F.2d 130, 134 (7th Cir. 1975), principle reaffirmed in Bryan v. Johnson, 821 F.2d 455, 458 (7th Cir. 1987). A frivolous complaint is one in which "the petitioner can make no rational argument in law or facts to support his or her claim for relief." Williams v. Faulkner, 837 F.2d 304, 306 (7th Cir. 1988), aff'd sub nom. Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 109 S.Ct. 1827, 104 L.Ed.2d 338 (1989). Because the Plaintiff has indicated that he is indigent, the Court will review the Plaintiff's claims to determine whether they state a colorable cause of action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.

FACTS

The Plaintiff alleges the following facts: In or around March 1989, Campbell was discharged from prison and delivered to the Will County Sheriff's Department to face criminal charges, evidently pursuant to a writ or detainer of some kind. He posted bond and was mistakenly released from custody rather than returned to prison. He returned to his home in Springfield, where he resided for approximately nineteen months.

On or about October 19, 1990, the Plaintiff was informed that the Springfield police were looking for him. He telephoned the police station, and an unknown officer informed the Plaintiff that he was not aware of a warrant for the Plaintiff's arrest. He told the Plaintiff he was sending a police officer allegedly just "to talk to" the Plaintiff; however, two squad cars arrived at the scene shortly thereafter and handcuffed the Plaintiff.

The officers, Defendants Swetland, Dowis and Kincaid, did not announce they were arresting the Plaintiff, did not read him his rights, and admitted that they neither had a warrant for the Plaintiff's arrest nor knew of any charges against him. They told the Plaintiff he would find out what the problem was when they reached the police station. Although the Plaintiff then decided that he did not want to go to the police station, he felt forced to accompany the officers.

Later that day, an unknown sheriff released the Plaintiff to the custody of two unknown I.D.O.C. correctional officers. The Plaintiff was transported to the Menard Correctional Center, although there was no warrant or court order authorizing the Plaintiff's detention. Defendant Welborn, the warden of the Menard Correctional Center, received the Plaintiff into custody without mittimus papers or any other appropriate documentation.

On or about October 23, 1990, the Plaintiff received a copy of his sentence calculation worksheet. The Plaintiff was not credited for the time he had spent out on bond. The Plaintiff later talked to his counselor, who promised that the time the Plaintiff had spent "on the street" would be credited toward his release date because the Plaintiff was not at fault for the mistaken early release. On December 12, 1990, the Plaintiff was transferred to the medium security unit at the Logan Correctional Center pursuant to administrative authorization.

On January 11, 1991, Defendant Caraway, a Menard correctional officer, issued the Plaintiff a disciplinary report charging him with escape. The report, prepared after an internal investigation, accused the Plaintiff of accepting release from the Will County Jail, "knowing that he still had time remaining to serve with the D.O.C." The Plaintiff appeared before the Adjustment Committee, where his requests for witnesses and for a continuance were denied. The Adjustment Committee found the Plaintiff guilty of escape and imposed the maximum sentence; however, later that day, Defendant Smith, a committee member, informed the Plaintiff that the committee had reversed its decision and recommended further investigation. The Plaintiff signed a document which he thought authorized a continuance, but which actually turned out to be a "disciplinary" transfer form.

The next day, the Plaintiff was transferred to the Pontiac Correctional Center, a maximum security prison. Defendants Bosses, McGinnis and Jockisch approved the transfer. There the Plaintiff received ...


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