of his race, and that he had been fired solely for racial reasons in violation of Title VII. The Charge of Discrimination named CNA as respondent, and set forth various alleged acts of discrimination by Stephenson's project supervisor, but did not name Noha, Tisch, Chookaszian, Igleski, and Demytrasz. On August 20, 1990, Stephenson received a right to sue notice from the EEOC, and some months later he filed a three-count complaint against the CNA defendants. On February 12, 1991, the CNA defendants moved to dismiss the complaint as to all defendants, on all counts. We denied the motion as to Count I, and granted it as to Counts II and III. Stephenson v. CNA Financial Corp., No. 90 C 6445 (N.D. III. Apr. 23, 1991).
Noha, Tisch, Chookaszian, Igleski, and Demytrasz now contend that Stephenson cannot maintain a Title VII action against them because they were not named in Stephenson's EEOC charge, as required by 42 U.S.C. § 2000e-5(f)(1); see also Eggleston v. Chicago Journeymen Plumbers' Local Union No. 130, 657 F.2d 890, 905 (7th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 455 U.S. 1017, 102 S. Ct. 1710, 72 L. Ed. 2d 134 (1982). Under Rule 56, summary judgment is appropriate if "there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and . . . the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). This standard places the initial burden on the moving party to identify "those portions of 'the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any' which it believes demonstrate the absence of a guideline issue of material fact." Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323, 106 S. Ct. 2548, 2553, 91 L. Ed. 2d 265 (1986) (quoting Rule 56(c)). Once the moving party has done this, the non-moving party "must set forth specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial." Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(e). In other words, Stephenson must demonstrate the existence of the elements essential to his case to withstand summary judgment. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322-23, 106 S. Ct. at 2552.
Ordinarily, a party not named in an EEOC charge may not be sued under Title VII. Schnellbaecher v. Baskin Clothing Co., 887 F.2d 124, 126 (7th Cir. 1989); Eggleston, 657 F.2d at 905; Le Beau v. Libby-Owens-Ford Co., 484 F.2d 798, 799 (7th Cir. 1973). This jurisdictional requirement serves a two-fold purpose: (1) to notify the charged party of the alleged violation; and (2) to give that party an opportunity to participate in conciliation and to comply voluntarily with Title VII. See, e.g., Schnellbaecher, 887 F.2d at 126; Eggleston, 657 F.2d at 905.
This due purpose suggests an exception to the rule that only parties named in the EEOC charge may be sued. Where the unnamed party or parties had adequate notice of the charge, and had an opportunity to participate in conciliation, the general rule does not apply. Eggleston, 657 F.2d at 905; see also Feng v. Sandrik, 636 F. Supp. 77, 81 (N.D. III. 1986). An additional factor to be considered is whether strictly holding a plaintiff to the filing requirement could deprive her of redress of any legitimate grievances. Eggleston, 657 F.2d at 907 (citing Glus v. G.C. Murphy Co., 562 F.2d 880, 888 (3d Cir. 1977)); Feng, 636 F. Supp. at 81.
The factors used to determine if an exception to the general rule should be permitted are not applicable in this case. Noha, Tisch, Chookaszian, Igleski, and Demytrasz were never given notice of Stephenson's EEOC charge, see Motion Exhs. B-F (affidavits), and Stephenson has brought forward no evidence showing that they had any opportunity to participate in conciliation. In short, nothing in the evidence presented shows that they could have anticipated an action against them. Feng, 636 F. Supp. at 81.
Finally, Stephenson may still receive the full measure of available relief against the remaining defendants, assuming that he ultimately prevails in this suit.
The motion for summary judgment as to Noha, Tisch, Chookaszian, Igleski, and Demytrasz is granted. It is so ordered.