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09/28/89 the People of the State of v. Craig Cooper

September 28, 1989

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE

v.

CRAIG COOPER, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT



APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, FIFTH DISTRICT

544 N.E.2d 1273, 188 Ill. App. 3d 971, 136 Ill. Dec. 498 1989.IL.1536

Appeal from the Circuit Court of St. Clair County; the Hon. Lloyd A. Karmeier, Judge, presiding.

APPELLATE Judges:

JUSTICE HOWERTON delivered the opinion of the court. WELCH, P.J., and CHAPMAN, J., concur.

DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE HOWERTON

We affirm defendant's conviction by jury for armed robbery.

Defendant raises two issues. He claims first that the circuit court erroneously allowed the introduction of hearsay. He claims second that the circuit court erred in allowing substantive use of an out-of-court statement made by a witness under section 115-10.1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 115-10.1).

A witness testified that defendant's coconspirator told him that he and defendant had "stuck up" the victim. Defendant is correct in categorizing this evidence as hearsay. However, the error is waived. Defendant did not object at the time the evidence was offered and did not address the error in his post-trial motion. People v. Volkmar (1989), 183 Ill. App. 3d 149, 538 N.E.2d 1255.

Defendant's second claim was not waived. A prosecution witness' signed, out-of-court statement was used by the prosecution not only to impeach the witness but as substantive evidence of the assertions contained therein. Defendant argues that the trial court erred in allowing the use of that statement as substantive evidence, but contests the substantive use of only part of the statement. Defendant says it was error to allow substantive use of that part of the statement that read, "Craig Cooper and Walter Eden told me they had just robbed Travis Vaughn."

Section 115--10.1 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1963 provides:

"In all criminal cases, evidence of a statement made by a witness is not made inadmissible by the hearsay rule if

(a) the statement is inconsistent with his testimony at the hearing or trial, and

(b) the witness is subject to cross-examination concerning ...


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