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07/25/89 the People of the State of v. Solomon Finklea

July 25, 1989

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE

v.

SOLOMON FINKLEA, PETITIONER-APPELLANT

AS TO THE LATTER ISSUE, WE ARE PERSUADED THE CAUSE SHOULD BE REMANDED FOR AN EVIDENTIARY HEARING BY THE AUTHORITY THE DEFENDANT CITES IN SUPPORT OF THE ISSUE, PEOPLE

v.

STEWART (1988), 121 ILL. 2D 93, CERT. DENIED (1988), U.S. , 102 L. ED. 234, 109 S. CT. 246.



APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, SECOND DISTRICT

542 N.E.2d 454, 186 Ill. App. 3d 297, 134 Ill. Dec. 275 1989.IL.1145

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Winnebago County; the Hon. John E. Sype, Judge, presiding.

APPELLATE Judges:

PRESIDING JUSTICE UNVERZAGT delivered the opinion of the court. LINDBERG and REINHARD, JJ., concur.

DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE UNVERZAGT

The defendant, Solomon Finklea, was convicted by a jury of murder in the circuit court of Winnebago County and was sentenced to a 20-year term of imprisonment. His conviction was affirmed by this court on direct appeal. (People v. Finklea (1983), 119 Ill. App. 3d 448.) He now appeals the dismissal of his pro se petition for post-conviction relief.

Prior to the appointment of counsel to represent the defendant in the instant appeal, he filed a pro se brief which, inter alia, included the allegation that counsel failed to amend the post-conviction petition or even interview him regarding any of the other issues set forth in his pro se petition for post-conviction relief. After appointed appellate counsel noted the absence in the record of a certificate filed pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 651 (107 Ill. 2d R. 651(c)), he moved this court to remand the cause for an evidentiary hearing to determine whether post-conviction counsel complied with the requirements of Rule 651(c).

It was alleged in that motion that the report of proceedings of the hearing on the State's motion to dismiss showed defendant's post-conviction counsel represented to the court that he had examined the file, written two letters to the defendant, and had spoken with the defendant on the phone. In view of the conflict between the record and the defendant's assertions in his pro se appellate brief, appointed appellate counsel attempted to clarify the matter by contacting post-conviction counsel and the defendant. Post-conviction counsel did not respond to the inquiry, however, and the defendant filed an affidavit (which was appended to appellate counsel's motion for remand before this court), attesting he was never consulted by post-conviction counsel by mail or in person about the issues raised in his pro se petition for post-conviction relief, and he never agreed with post-conviction counsel that the petition should not be amended.

Over the State's objection, this court remanded the cause in a clarified order, "for the limited purpose of complying with Supreme Court Rule 651 requiring that a certificate of the attorney be filed, if he can properly do so." Following remand, post-conviction counsel filed a third amended certificate pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 651(c) alleging in pertinent part that he wrote two letters to the defendant explaining what he needed from him in order to represent him in the post-conviction proceedings; that the letters were followed up by personal conferences with members of the defendant's family and by a phone conversation with the defendant in which the petition and counsel's representation of the defendant were discussed at length; that those conferences were held for the purpose of ascertaining defendant's contentions of deprivation of constitutional right; that he examined the record of proceedings from the defendant's trial and that he made no amendments to the defendant's pro se petition because he deemed none were necessary for an adequate presentation of petitioner's contentions.

The defendant's pro se petition for post-conviction relief alleged he was deprived of the effective assistance of trial counsel in that counsel failed to raise the affirmative defense of the use of justifiable force and the issue of his fitness to stand trial; that the court erred when it failed to advise him of his right to elect treatment under the Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Act (Ill. Rev. Stat., 1984 Supp., ch. 111 1/2, par. 6301 et seq. (repealed; see now Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 111 1/2, par. 6351-1 et seq.)); that counsel failed or refused to assist in the planning and implementation of defense strategy and lacked the skill and diligence necessary to afford him the effective representation guaranteed by the United States and Illinois Constitutions.

The State's motion to dismiss was grounded on the basis that the issues raised in the defendant's pro se post-conviction petition were barred where they could have been raised in his direct appeal and that the allegations themselves were vague and Conclusionary because they were not supported by any specific facts. The court agreed that the bald assertions of error alleged in the pro se petition were insufficient to warrant further proceedings on the petition, and the issue of ineffectiveness of trial counsel was a matter which could have been addressed on direct appeal inasmuch as the defendant was represented at trial and on appeal by different counsel. The defendant was not present at the hearing on the State's motion to dismiss.

The defendant raises two issues before this court: (1) whether he was deprived of the effective assistance of post-conviction counsel due to counsel's failure either to amend the pro se post-conviction petition or to withdraw as counsel so defendant could resist the State's motion to dismiss; and (2) whether the cause should be remanded for an evidentiary hearing in order to resolve the issue of whether counsel did, in fact, consult with the defendant in compliance with Supreme Court Rule 651(c).

In Stewart, the court consolidated its review of the dismissals without an evidentiary hearing of the defendant's post-conviction petitions following the affirmance of two of his convictions for murder on direct appeal. The defendant's initial claim was that he did not receive adequate representation during the post-conviction proceedings because his counsel, Mr. Pumilia, failed to comply with Supreme Court Rule 651 by filing a certificate showing he had consulted with the defendant to determine his contentions of deprivation of constitutional right, had examined the trial record, and made any amendments to the defendant's pro se petitions necessary for an adequate presentation of the defendant's claims.

While the case was being briefed in the supreme court, it granted the State leave to supplement the record with Mr. Pumilia's affidavit attesting to the fact he conferred with the defendant about the issues which should be presented in the post-conviction petition. His affidavit also reflected that Ms. Kyle Wesendorf, defendant's appellate counsel on his second murder conviction, conferred with the ...


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