Before analyzing the facts in this case, we first point out the two-step analysis set forth in Terry. The question of whether a stop is valid is a distinct and separate inquiry from whether a frisk is valid. (People v. Galvin (1989), 127 Ill. 2d 153, 163.) The defendant here, however, has not raised the issue either below or in this appeal as to the reasonableness of the officer's frisking him after the initial stop, but rather, has only addressed the validity of the initial stop. Because the parties have not argued the propriety of the officer's frisk, we need not reach that question.
APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, SECOND DISTRICT
539 N.E.2d 764, 183 Ill. App. 3d 381, 132 Ill. Dec. 201 1989.IL.731
Appeal from the Circuit Court of Kane County; the Hon. R. Peter Grometer, Judge, presiding.
JUSTICE REINHARD delivered the opinion of the court. UNVERZAGT, P.J., and LINDBERG, J., concur.
DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE REINHARD
Respondent, J.J., was charged in a petition for adjudication as a delinquent minor filed in the circuit court of Kane County with the offenses of unlawful possession of a controlled substance (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 56 1/2, par. 1402(a)(2)) and unlawful use of weapons (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 24-1(a)(4)). Following the granting of respondent's motion to quash arrest and suppress evidence seized during a pat-down search, the State appeals pursuant to Supreme Court Rules 604(a)(1) and 660(a) (107 Ill. 2d Rules 604(a)(1), 660(a)).
The sole issue raised on appeal is whether the granting of respondent's motion to quash arrest and suppress evidence was manifestly erroneous because the stop of respondent was valid under Terry v. Ohio (1968), 392 U.S. 1, 20 L. Ed. 2d 889, 88 S. Ct. 1868.
While the motion to quash arrest and suppress evidence alleged generally that respondent's arrest was illegal, the focus of the arguments before the trial court and in this court is that the initial stop of respondent was invalid.
At the suppression hearing, respondent placed in evidence an audio tape of a telephone call made to the Elgin police department at approximately 12:15 a.m. on October 18, 1987. The audio tape reveals that a security guard at the McDonald's restaurant on Summit Street in Elgin reported that there was a man with a gun in the restaurant. The guard had not seen the gun himself but had been told about it by a customer. He described the subject with the gun as a black male, approximately 25 years old, wearing black pants, a blue and white jacket, and white tennis shoes. The subject exited the restaurant and was reported to be walking southbound on Gifford Street. The dispatcher radioed the information to squad cars in the area.
Officer Robert Christ of the Elgin police department testified at respondent's detention hearing, and his testimony was offered into evidence at the suppression hearing. According to Christ, when he received the radio dispatch concerning a man with a gun, he was only three blocks from the McDonald's restaurant. He proceeded to the restaurant and, as he approached, he saw respondent walking nearby and crossing the street. Respondent matched the description the officer had received over the radio. Officer Christ pulled up in front of respondent, exited the squad car, and indicated to respondent to come over to the squad car. Christ had respondent put his hands on the trunk of the squad car and patted him down as a gun had been mentioned. He felt a gun in respondent's jacket pocket. After recovering the gun, a .38 caliber Colt Cobra handgun, he and another officer continued the search and discovered ammunition in respondent's pants pocket and a small bag with packets of white powder in another jacket pocket. The powder tested positive for cocaine.
Respondent testified that on October 18, 1987, at approximately midnight, he had been at McDonald's. As he walked away from the restaurant, he was stopped by the police. He was ...