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04/20/89 the People of the State of v. Ronald Jocelyn

April 20, 1989

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, PLAINTIFF-APPELLEE

v.

RONALD JOCELYN, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT

"MULTIPLE TERMS OF PROBATION IMPOSED AT THE SAME TIME SHALL RUN CONCURRENTLY." (ILL. RE

v.

STAT. 1987, CH. 38, PAR. 1005-6-2(B).)



APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, FOURTH DISTRICT

537 N.E.2d 1086, 181 Ill. App. 3d 774, 130 Ill. Dec. 757 1989.IL.577

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Champaign County; the Hon. John R. DeLaMar, Judge, presiding.

APPELLATE Judges:

JUSTICE GREEN delivered the opinion of the court. McCULLOUGH, P.J., and KNECHT, J., concur.

DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE GREEN

On July 11, 1988, following a bench trial in the circuit court of Champaign County, defendant Ronald E. Jocelyn was convicted of the offense of escape in violation of section 3-6-4 of the Unified Code of Corrections (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 1003-6-4). He was subsequently sentenced to a term of two years' imprisonment, with the sentence to be served consecutive to the sentence he was then serving.

On appeal, defendant maintains (1) his waiver of jury trial was not knowingly and intelligently made; (2) he is entitled to a new sentencing hearing; and (3) the double jeopardy clause requires the two-year sentence of imprisonment be vacated and the conviction reversed without remand. We affirm.

Prior to accepting defendant's waiver of a jury trial, the court advised defendant of the nature of the charge against him, the possible sentences he could receive, and his right to a jury trial. In admonishing defendant of the possible sentences he could receive, the court stated (1) the offense of escape was a Class 3 felony; (2) he could receive a sentence of not less than two years and not more than five years and would be required to serve a period of mandatory supervised release; and (3) any sentence imposed would be consecutive to the remainder of the sentence he was serving at the time the escape offense occurred. The court then asked if probation or conditional discharge were available. Defense counsel indicated probation was a possible sentence, and the court admonished defendant of the details of a probation or conditional discharge sentence.

Following these admonishments, defendant said he was prepared to enter into a written stipulation as to what the State's evidence would be if witnesses were called to testify. The written stipulation indicated in part that defendant was a person committed to the Illinois Department of Corrections, was involved in a work release program, and, on April 3, 1988, did not return to the correctional center after leaving work until several hours after he should have returned.

At the sentencing hearing, Max Pridemore, a correctional officer, testified that he had seen defendant on August 22, 1988, at the Champaign County Correctional Center when defendant said he was going to "kick Mr. Wennmaker's ass when [he got] out of [there]." Wennmaker was employed at the work release center. The State then requested the maximum term of imprisonment. Defense counsel pointed out that defendant did return to the center of his own accord, albeit six to seven hours late, and then requested that defendant be placed on probation for a period of 30 months.

At sentencing, in discussing the availability of probation, the court cited section 5 -- 8 -- 4(g)of the Unified Code of Corrections (Code), which provides:

"A sentence under Section 3-6-4 for escape or attempted escape shall be served consecutive to the terms under which the offender is held by the Department of Corrections." (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 1005-8-4(g).)

The court further found that the Code does not allow the court to impose consecutive sentences of probation. Section 5 -- 6 -- 2 of the Code provides:

The court then indicated "the logic underlying that provision would certainly seem to apply here." The court thus apparently concluded, based on these two sections, that since any sentence imposed for escape must be consecutive to the original term of imprisonment, and since terms of probation could not run ...


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