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04/07/89 Michael David Associates, v. Gte Network Systems

April 7, 1989





537 N.E.2d 945, 182 Ill. App. 3d 87, 130 Ill. Dec. 616 1989.IL.489

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cook County; the Hon. Morton C. Elden, Judge, presiding.


PRESIDING JUSTICE MURRAY delivered the opinion of the court. PINCHAM and COCCIA, JJ., concur.


Defendant, GTE Network Systems, Inc. (now GTE Communications Systems Corporation), appeals from a judgment of $9,000 entered by the trial court in favor of plaintiff, Michael David Associates, Inc. (David Associates), after a bench trial on an alleged breach of a contract action. David Associates is a licensed employment agency and GTE is a corporation engaged in the communications business. In May 1985, David Associates filed a breach of contract action which was later amended. The complaint alleged that on July 2, 1984, plaintiff's employee, Paul Holzer, orally agreed with GTE's employee, Steve Slonkowski, that David Associates would find and place a software design engineer with GTE for a fee of $9,000. It was further alleged that after the agency found and placed such a person, Michael Rinehart, GTE refused to pay the agreed-upon fee.

A bench trial followed in March 1988 at which Holzer was the only witness. Holzer testified that he was an employment counselor at David Associates specializing in the electronics industry. He stated that he periodically contacted GTE to solicit requirements for engineering personnel and that on July 2, 1984, he called and spoke with Steve Slonkowski at GTE. (At trial, GTE asserted that Slonkowski no longer worked for it.) Holzer was not certain of Slonkowski's title but believed he was a senior interviewer or engineering interviewer. Holzer asked Slonkowski what open requirements he had for engineering personnel. Slonkowski responded by requesting an engineer technician who could perform specific functions and informed Holzer that the pay range would be $36,000 to $42,000. The two men agreed to a 25% fee arrangement.

During the conversation, Holzer wrote the information down. He stated that he filled a job order form, which was admitted into evidence. He then proceeded to search for possible applicants and was given the name of Mike Rinehart. Holzer called Rinehart at his job on July 5, and after Rinehart expressed interest in the GTE position, arrangements were made for Holzer to call him at home that evening. In the evening phone call, Holzer obtained more details regarding Rinehart's skills and qualifications and gave him more specific details of GTE's job description, after which Rinehart said that he was available for an interview with GTE.

Holzer then called Slonkowski the next day (July 6) and informed him about Rinehart. Slonkowski asked for Rinehart's resume, which Holzer did not have since he had just recruited Rinehart. In its stead, Holzer sent a copy of his notes on Rinehart's qualifications and background to Slonkowski on July 9, along with the resumes of two other people the agency had on file. At that time, Holzer filled out a "send out" slip on Rinehart and placed it in agency files. Between July 9 and 17, Holzer was in almost daily contact with Rinehart, who kept asking when an interview with GTE would be scheduled. Holzer stated that he called Slonkowski daily but his calls were refused. On July 20, Rinehart became angry with Holzer over the lack of an interview, whereupon Holzer suggested that maybe Rinehart could do better and gave him Slonkowski's name and telephone number.

On August 3, Holzer was finally able to reach Slonkowski and was told that GTE was going to make Rinehart an offer. When Holzer said that the applicant was his (Holzer's) candidate, Slonkowski denied receiving the notes on Rinehart but admitted receiving another person's resume sent in the same package. Slonkowski also told Holzer that he had gotten Rinehart's name from another agency but later recanted this statement and hung up. Holzer then called Rinehart at home that evening and was told that Rinehart had gone to a "tech fair" and contacted GTE there, after which Rinehart hung up.

In ruling in David Associates' favor, the trial court found that there was a contract between the employment agency and GTE. The court noted that GTE presented no evidence or witnesses to rebut Holzer's testimony and that Rinehart, although present in the courtroom during trial, did not testify, which fact caused the court to infer that his testimony would be adverse to his employer, GTE.

On appeal, GTE contends that (1) the evidence did not show that GTE breached an alleged contract where David Associates did not demonstrate that it was the motivating force in Rinehart's hiring; (2) David Associates is entitled to no recovery because it did not comply with certain statutory requirements governing employment agencies; and (3) the trial court's presumption regarding Rinehart's failure to testify was error.

We affirm the judgment in favor of David Associates for the following reasons.

GTE argues that David Associates had not performed all of its obligations under the purported contract and, thus, there could have been no breach by GTE. It relies on the "motivating force" factor discussed in Polytechnical Consultants, Inc. v. All-Steel, Inc. (1985), 134 Ill. App. 3d 187, in determining whether an employment agency is entitled to a fee. The criteria are "(1) the agency must have discussed the applicant with the employer; (2) the employer has agreed to interview the applicant; (3) the applicant has agreed to interview with the employer; and (4) the agency or the employer must have set the arrangements in motion for the interview." (134 Ill. App. 3d at ...

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