APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, FOURTH DISTRICT
535 N.E.2d 70, 179 Ill. App. 3d 1006, 128 Ill. Dec. 856 1989.IL.234
Appeal from the Circuit Court of Cass County; the Hon. Fred W. Reither, Judge, presiding.
JUSTICE KNECHT delivered the opinion of the court. GREEN and SPITZ, JJ., concur.
DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE KNECHT
The defendants, Robert A. McMurl and Ricky L. Treadway, were charged by information in Cass County with one count of burglary (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 19-1(a)) and two counts of felony theft (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 16-1(a)(1)). Pursuant to a plea agreement, the State dismissed the burglary count and the defendants pleaded guilty to the felony theft counts. The Cass County circuit court sentenced the defendants to 18 months' probation. As a condition of the probation, the circuit court ordered the defendants to serve 120 days in the county jail. The circuit court specifically ordered that the defendants were to receive credit for time served, but not for good behavior. The defendants now appeal the denial of credit for good behavior. The cases were consolidated because the same issue is presented.
The State did not file a brief on appeal. Accordingly, the standard of First Capitol Mortgage Corp. v. Talandis Construction Corp. (1976), 63 Ill. 2d 128, 345 N.E.2d 493, applies. Under this standard, the appellate court will decide the merits of an appeal where the record is simple and the issues are easy to resolve.
"The good behavior of any person who commences a sentence of confinement in a county jail for a fixed term of imprisonment after January 1, 1987 shall entitle such person beginning on the date of sentence to a good behavior allowance . . .. The good behavior allowance provided for in this Section shall not apply to individuals sentenced for a felony to probation . . . where a condition of such probation . . . is that the individual serve a sentence of periodic imprisonment . . .." Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 75, par. 32.
The Act excludes credit for good behavior when a defendant is sentenced for a felony to probation, and as a condition of that probation, the defendant is ordered to serve a sentence of periodic imprisonment. Periodic imprisonment is not the equivalent of a fixed sentence of confinement.
"A sentence of periodic imprisonment is a sentence of imprisonment during which the committed person may be released for periods of time during the day or night or for periods of days, or both, or if convicted of a felony . . . committed to any county, municipal, or regional correctional or detention institution or facility in this State for such periods of time as the court may direct." Ill. Rev. Stat. 1987, ch. 38, par. 1005-7-1(a).
The circuit court ordered the defendants to serve 120 days in the county jail. As such, the order structured the sentence of imprisonment in terms of one continuous period of time. Given the structure, the sentence of imprisonment does not come within the definition of periodic imprisonment.
The appellate court has previously addressed the credit of time for good behavior under the Act. In In re N.R. (1988), 172 Ill. App. 3d 14, 525 N.E.2d 1193, a contemnor appealed a sentencing order that denied the credit of time for good behavior. The appellate court held the circuit court had no authority to deny the credit of time for good behavior. The appellate court stated:
"It is clear in enacting this Act, the legislature mandated that all persons sentenced to a county jail receive a good-time allowance, subject only to being revoked by the warden as permitted by statute. The courts have no authority to interfere with the allowance, and the court's attempt . . . ...