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09/01/88 John Crider, v. the State of Illinois

September 1, 1988

JOHN CRIDER, PETITIONER

v.

THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, ET AL., RESPONDENTS



APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, FOURTH DISTRICT

528 N.E.2d 442, 174 Ill. App. 3d 163, 123 Ill. Dec. 897 1988.IL.1340

Petition for review of order of Human Rights Commission.

APPELLATE Judges:

JUSTICE SPITZ delivered the opinion of the court. McCULLOUGH and KNECHT, JJ., concur.

DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE SPITZ

Petitioner Colonel John Crider, a black male, was employed by respondent on May 1, 1984, as a grounds crew worker at the Illinois Veterans Home in Quincy, Illinois. On September 12, 1978, petitioner filed charges of racial discrimination against the respondent with the Illinois Fair Employment Practices Commission. On April 6, 1983, petitioner filed a "Complaint of Civil Rights Violations" with the Illinois Human Rights Commission alleging that he was continuously discriminated against because of his race and in retaliation for filing charges in violation of sections 3(a) and (b) of the Fair Employment Practices Act (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 48, pars. 853(a), (b)), now superseded by section 2-102of the Illinois Human Rights Act (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1981, ch. 68, par. 2-102). The respondent denied the allegations.

A hearing was held on February 22, 1984. After the hearing, the hearing officer determined that petitioner had proved by a preponderance of the evidence that the respondent unlawfully discriminated against him based on his race and in retaliation for his filing grievances and charges. Specifically, petitioner was found to have been continuously racially harassed by an employee of the Veterans Home and that the middle and upper level management knew about the harassment, yet refused to do anything about it. Consequently, the Judge found that the respondent had subjected petitioner to unequal terms and conditions of employment, and that petitioner received a poor performance evaluation in retaliation for his having filed grievances and charges against the respondent. The Judge awarded petitioner $5,000 in actual damages and reasonable attorney fees. In addition, the Judge ruled that petitioner was entitled to a revised evaluation, any pay revision that the poor evaluation may have cost him, and a written apology from the respondent for allowing an employee to direct racially derogatory remarks to him. Pursuant to the filing of applications for attorney fees, another administrative law Judge awarded petitioner $2,885.05 as attorney fees and $208.90 for costs and expenses.

Thereafter, the respondent filed exceptions to the decisions of the hearing officers. Upon review, the Human Rights Commission (Commission) determined that the findings of racial harassment and retaliation were not against the manifest weight of the evidence and that the award of damages and attorney fees was proper. Thus, the Commission affirmed and adopted the recommended orders and decisions of the hearing officers, except that it deleted the requirement that the respondent must issue a written apology.

Respondent sought review of the order and decision of the Commission before this court. The decision of the Human Rights Commission was affirmed in an unpublished order (Department of Veterans Affairs v. Crider (1987), 154 Ill. App. 3d 1163 (order under Supreme Court Rule 23)).

Petitioner then petitioned the Commission for an award of attorney fees of $3,904 and costs of $17.39 incurred as a result of the appeal. The Commission denied the petition on the grounds it has no authority to award attorney fees for time spent in the court system after the final order of the Commission is rendered. Petitioner now seeks review of the Commission's order of denial of attorney fees for legal services performed in successfully defending an appeal from a favorable Human Rights Commission decision.

The question of appellate attorney fees has recently been considered by the Illinois Appellate Court for the First Judicial District in Alexander v. Human Rights Comm'n (1988), 166 Ill. App. 3d 515, 519 N.E.2d 1092. In Alexander, the court's reasoning was as follows: (1) since there is no common law principle providing for attorney fees to be awarded as costs or damages, and since each party is generally required to bear his own litigation costs, there must be an express contractual or statutory provision authorizing awarding attorney fees before the court will award attorney fees to a successful litigant; (2) section 8-108 of the Illinois Human Rights Act (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1985, ch. 68, par. 8-108) did not expressly authorize awarding attorney fees for appellate representation; (3) a reviewing court has no authority to legislate and cannot create a right to attorney fees where the legislature has failed to do so, even on the basis of a public interest rationale; (4) therefore, the commissioners' refusal to award Alexander attorney fees was affirmed. The Alexander court recognized in a footnote that section 8-108 has since been amended to provide for attorney fees on appeal.

As in Alexander, the present case must apply the law prior to the amendment of the statute. Presently, section 8 -- 108 authorizes the Commission to order respondent to:

"Pay to the complainant all or a portion of the costs of maintaining the action, including reasonable attorney fees and expert witness fees incurred in maintaining this action before the Department, the Commission and in any judicial review and judicial enforcement proceedings. Provided, however, that no award of attorney fees or costs shall be made pursuant to this amendatory Act of 1987 with respect to any charge for which the complaint before the Commission was filed prior to December 1, 1987. With respect to all charges for which complaints were filed with the Commission prior to December 1, 1987, attorney fees and costs shall ...


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