528 N.E.2d 993, 174 Ill. App. 3d 139, 124 Ill. Dec. 102 1988.IL.1292
Appeal from the Circuit Court of Will County; the Hon. John David Zwanzig, Judge, presiding.
JUSTICE WOMBACHER delivered the opinion of the court. HEIPLE and BARRY, JJ., concur.
DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE WOMBACHER
In September 1982, the plaintiffs, Irving, Elizabeth and Mark Turk, and Will County Produce Company, Inc., a corporation in which the plaintiffs were sole shareholders, engaged the defendants, Wright & Babcock, Ltd., to represent them in the sale of the business.
An agreement to sell was arrived at by the plaintiffs and prospective buyers, Thomas Przetacznik and William Herchenbach, which provided for a sale price of $410,000 plus an amount to be determined by the taking of an inventory. Part of the purchase price was to be secured by a security agreement covering the inventory and tangible assets. The buyers were to form a nominee corporation to take title to the assets of the business.
It was the buyers' intention to organize a corporation named "TMP Incorporated" to acquire the assets in the transaction. The name "TMP Incorporated" was not available for use in Illinois; the corporation ultimately came into existence named "TP Incorporated."
At the time of the closing, the documents involved in the sales transaction listed the name of the acquiring corporation as TMP Incorporated. A financing statement was prepared by the defendants which listed the debtors as Thomas Przetacznik, William Herchenbach and TMP Incorporated. Thomas Przetacznik signed the statement. The statement listed the machinery and fixtures of the business, as well as the inventory, as collateral. A separate security agreement was never prepared or executed.
A fire destroyed the tangible assets of the business on August 19, 1983. TP Incorporated instituted bankruptcy proceedings. The plaintiffs filed a claim in the proceedings as unsecured creditors. They had received $80,000 as of September 30, 1985. They expected to recover a total of $200,000 in their status of unsecured creditor. The unpaid principal owing to the plaintiffs under the sale agreement was $834,528.79.
The plaintiffs filed a malpractice action against the defendants to recover the amounts due to them under the sale agreement. The complaint alleged that the defendants failed to create a valid security interest; failed to require in the sale agreement that the buyers maintain insurance; and failed to require in the sale agreement that the buyers name the sellers as additional insureds. On December 22, 1987, the plaintiffs' amended complaint was dismissed upon the trial court's allowance of the defendants' motion. The trial court held that a valid security interest had arisen and the financing statement was valid. The court also found that the sale contract did provide for maintenance of insurance coverage. Further, had the agreement provided that the sellers be named as additional insureds on the buyers' insurance policies, a different result would not have occurred.
The plaintiffs appeal the dismissal, contending that the financing statement, without an executed security agreement, does not create a security interest. Furthermore, the plaintiffs contend that the defendants failed to require that the sellers maintain insurance covering the tangible property, with the plaintiffs named as additional insureds.
The Illinois Uniform Commercial Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1985, ch. 26, par. 1-101 et seq.) sets out a comprehensive scheme for the regulation of security interests in personal property and fixtures. Article 9 applies to any transaction (regardless of its form) which is intended to create a security interest in personal property. (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1985, ch. 26, par. 9-102.) Substance rules over form and courts will look through a transfer absolute in form to find a secured transaction if that was the real intent of the parties. Oral agreements to create a security interest have been found valid where other documents relating to the transaction evidenced the intent of the parties. (See Wambach v. Randall (7th Cir. 1973), 484 F.2d 572.) In In re Numeric Corp. (1st Cir. 1973), 485 F.2d 1328, the court held that a financing statement, together with a corporate resolution of the debtor referring to the existence of a security interest in equipment, constituted a security agreement in the absence of a written document.
In the instant case, the sale agreement and financing statement contained a full listing of the collateral secured. The contract included extensive provisions of security. It provided the sellers purchase money security rights, including physical possession of the business' capital stock. Furthermore, the plaintiffs' verified complaint admitted an intent to obtain security. Clearly, the parties intended for the sale to entail a security interest in the assets of the business; under the law the question of whether a security agreement exists is one of intent and the absence of a separate and written agreement is not controlling.
Next we turn to the validity of the financing statement. The plaintiffs assert on appeal that the financing statement was invalid inasmuch as it listed an erroneous corporate name as the debtor. The sale transaction was closed on November 12, 1982. On November 23 TP Incorporated came into existence. Upon closing, the assets were initially held by the individual debtors. The financing statement was filed on December 10 and named Thomas Przetacznik and William Herchenbach as well as TMP Incorporated (the ...