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03/26/87 Theodore Fadler, v. the State Board of

March 26, 1987

THEODORE FADLER, PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT

v.

THE STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION ET AL., DEFENDANTS-APPELLEES



APPELLATE COURT OF ILLINOIS, FIFTH DISTRICT

506 N.E.2d 640, 153 Ill. App. 3d 1024, 106 Ill. Dec. 840 1987.IL.371

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Randolph County; the Hon. Dennis J. Jacobsen, Judge, presiding.

APPELLATE Judges:

Presiding Justice Karns delivered the opinion of the court. Harrison and Welch, JJ., concur.

DECISION OF THE COURT DELIVERED BY THE HONORABLE JUDGE KARNS

Plaintiff, Theodore Fadler, appeals from the judgment of the circuit court of Randolph County sustaining the order of dismissal entered by the administrative hearing officer upon charges of immoral conduct. We affirm.

Prior to his dismissal, plaintiff was a tenured teacher for Prairie du Rocher Community Consolidated School District No. 134. He had taught third grade in the district for the last three years and sixth grade for the preceding 13 years.

The board of education of Prairie du Rocher Community Consolidated School District No. 134 (the board) passed a resolution on November 15, 1984, to dismiss plaintiff without prior notice. (The board adopted a "supplemental resolution" on December 10 clarifying that its November 15 resolution had actually been a suspension pending dismissal but otherwise ratified and confirmed the original resolution.) Plaintiff was charged with immoral conduct based on two alleged incidents. According to the bill of particulars, on October 22 or 23, 1984, plaintiff placed his hand beneath the waistband of the jeans and undergarment worn by one of his students, K.M., in the area of her buttocks while she was standing on the floor leaning over her desk. The second incident allegedly occurred on October 31, 1984, after the end of a recess. Another of his students, G.R., was returning a ball to the first grade classroom and, upon entering the outside door of the building, found plaintiff standing inside the door. As G.R. approached plaintiff, he put his hand out and squeezed her breast several times.

The administrative hearing officer sustained plaintiff's dismissal. She found that the two fondling incidents were "proven by competent testimony and by a preponderance of the evidence." She also found that plaintiff's conduct was irremediable, having caused damage to the students and to the school as a whole. The trial court sustained plaintiff's dismissal.

Plaintiff argues on appeal the trial court abused its discretion in sustaining the administrative hearing officer's findings that plaintiff's conduct was immoral within the meaning of section 10-22.4 of the School Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1983, ch. 122, par. 10-22.4) and that plaintiff's conduct was irremediable.

Under section 3-110 of the Administrative Review Law (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1985, ch. 110, par. 3-110), the findings and Conclusions of an administrative agency on questions of fact are held to be prima facie true and correct. Only if the findings are against the manifest weight of the evidence can they be set aside. (See, e.g., Board of Education v. Sickley (1985), 133 Ill. App. 3d 921, 924, 479 N.E.2d 1142, 1145.) A finding cannot be adJudged against the manifest weight of the evidence unless an opposite Conclusion is clearly evident from the record. (Rolando v. School Directors of District (1976), 44 Ill. App. 3d 658, 661, 358 N.E.2d 945, 947.) The mere fact that an opposite Conclusion is reasonable or that a reviewing court might have ruled differently does not justify reversal of the administrative findings and decision. (44 Ill. App. 3d 658, 661, 358 N.E.2d 945, 947.) Plaintiff no longer takes issue with the findings themselves. What plaintiff does take issue with is their legal effects, that is, whether these findings constituted cause for dismissal.

No tenured school teacher may be removed from employment except for cause. (See Ill. Rev. Stat. 1983, ch. 122, par. 10-22.4; Chicago Board of Education v. Payne (1981), 102 Ill. App. 3d 741, 746, 430 N.E.2d 310, 314.) "Cause" is some substantial shortcoming which renders continuance in employment detrimental to discipline and effectiveness of service; something which the law and sound public opinion recognize as a good reason for the teacher to no longer occupy his position. (102 Ill. App. 3d 741, 747, 430 N.E.2d 310, 314-15.) Immorality is a sufficient cause for dismissal as long as the record reveals harm to the pupils, faculty or school itself. (See Reinhardt v. Board of Education (1974), 19 Ill. App. 3d 481, 485, 311 N.E.2d 710, 713, vacated for further findings (1975), 61 Ill. 2d 101, 329 N.E.2d 218.) We find sufficient evidence of harm to the students and to the school itself on the record to support the order of dismissal. Plaintiff clearly took advantage of his position of authority to the detriment of the students' trust and confidence.

Plaintiff argues, however, due process requires the use of an objective standard to determine whether certain conduct is immoral. Plaintiff raises this issue for the first time on appeal; consequently, we need not consider his contention. (See Wilson v. Collinsville Community Unit School District No. 10 (1983), 116 Ill. App. 3d 557, 561, 451 N.E.2d 939, 941; Cherniavky v. Department of Labor (1979), 74 Ill. App. 3d 517, 521, 392 N.E.2d 1135, 1138.) We note, however, no one should need a definitional list to realize that placing one's hand inside the undergarments of a 9-year-old student or squeezing the breast of a young girl is not acceptable conduct for a teacher.

Plaintiff also attacks the finding of irremediability. Plaintiff argues the test for determining whether conduct is irremediable was not met in this instance because no harm to the students or school district was proved. The board therefore had no jurisdiction to dismiss him without notice. Plaintiff concludes that, consequently, both the hearing officer's and the trial court's ...


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