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03/10/87 In Re M.A.

March 10, 1987



Petitioner-Appellant, v.

Richard Anderson, Respondent-Appellee)

505 N.E.2d 378, 152 Ill. App. 3d 1033, 106 Ill. Dec. 72 1987.IL.275

Appeal from the Circuit Court of Du Page County; the Hon. Kevin P. Connelly, Judge, presiding.


JUSTICE DUNN delivered the opinion of the court. REINHARD and NASH, JJ., concur.


This action stems from the dissolution of the marriage of the respondents, Richard and Janet Sue Anderson, a/k/a Janet Sue Senseney. The respondents were married on August 10, 1968, and their marriage was dissolved in Cook County on November 14, 1979. Two children were born as a result of the union. A written separation agreement granted Janet custody of the two minor children and provided for visitation rights.

On June 15, 1984, the circuit court of Du Page County suspended Richard's visitation rights, until further order of the court, based on Janet's allegations of sexual misconduct with their minor son. The trial court conducted hearings on the matter, and on August 10, 1984, entered an order which found that Richard had not engaged in sexual child abuse. The order also reinstated his visitation rights, except for supervised overnight visitation, and denied his petition for a rule to show cause. (In re Marriage of Anderson (1985), 130 Ill. App. 3d 684, 687.) Richard filed a motion to reconsider that order which the court denied. This court later reversed the portion of the trial court's ruling which restricted Richard's visitation rights, and remanded the cause to the trial court. See 130 Ill. App. 3d 684, 688.

Thereafter, Janet moved in the trial court in the other proceeding to voluntarily dismiss her petition for enrollment, alleging that "o hearing has ever been had regarding the enrollment of the Cook County decree," and that motion was granted by the trial court. On appeal from that order, this court, by order entered pursuant to Supreme Court Rule 23 (87 Ill. 2d R. 23), reversed and remanded the cause for further proceedings, holding that granting voluntary dismissal was improper in that hearings on the visitation issue had begun, thus precluding dismissal under section 2-1009(a) of the Code of Civil Procedure (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1985, ch. 110, par. 2-1009(a)). The record in the present case is silent as to what proceedings, if any, subsequently transpired in the other proceeding.

Sometime in 1984, the State filed a juvenile petition (cause No. 84 J 438) which requested that the court find the respondents' minor son an abused minor. That petition was subsequently withdrawn on May 7, 1985.

On October 30, 1985, the State commenced this action by filing a second petition (cause No. 85 J 0519) which requested that the court declare the minor abused and make him a ward of the court. At this time the court appointed a guardian ad litem to represent the interests of the minor. Richard then filed a motion to dismiss the proceeding in which he argued that the issue of abuse had already been adjudicated in his favor as part of the dissolution of marriage proceeding where Janet had sought to restrict his visitation privileges. Thus, Richard argued that the State was collaterally estopped from proceeding with the petition because the abuse issue had already been decided. Furthermore, he contended that the minor had previously been made a ward of the court pursuant to the dissolution proceeding. In its response the State argued that collateral estoppel did not apply to this proceeding as the parties were different, the issues were different, and also there had been no final judgment in the prior dissolution proceeding.

On February 25, 1986, the court heard oral argument on the motion to dismiss. Richard argued that although not a prior party, the State was actually in privity with Janet and, thus, was bound by the prior finding in the divorce court proceeding. In response, the State admitted that its petition detailed the same allegations of abuse made in the dissolution proceeding. However, the State contended that (1) the State had not been a party to the dissolution proceeding; (2) the issues to be decided by this juvenile petition were not the same as those in the dissolution proceeding; and (3) there has been no final judgment as to the abuse issue; rather, the Judge had merely stated that there was "no finding with regard to sexual abuse."

The guardian ad litem then opined that it would not be in the best interests of the child if there was renewed litigation on the question of abuse. At the Conclusion of the hearing, the court dismissed the petition with prejudice. Specifically, the court found that based on the previous hearings, the State was collaterally ...

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