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Fravel v. Morenz

OPINION FILED DECEMBER 31, 1986.

DOROTHY FRAVEL, PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT,

v.

EARL MORENZ, INDIV. AND D/B/A EARL'S EISNER AGENCY, DEFENDANT-APPELLEE.



Appeal from the Circuit Court of Macon County; the Hon. Scott B. Diamond, Judge, presiding.

JUSTICE MCCULLOUGH DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:

Rehearing denied January 27, 1987.

The plaintiff, Dorothy Fravel, brought suit against the defendant, Earl Morenz, individually and doing business as Earl's Eisner Agency, for injuries she sustained when she fell while shopping. The jury rendered a verdict for the defendant and the court entered judgment thereon. The plaintiff appeals the order of the court, asserting that the jury was improperly instructed on the standard of care. We reverse and remand for a new trial.

On December 4, 1983, the plaintiff, a 77-year-old woman, entered defendant's grocery store to purchase a few items. The plaintiff testified that as she turned to walk up aisle two, she paused to look at some items on a shelf nearby. At this time, the plaintiff claimed that her feet went out from underneath her and she fell to the floor. After the plaintiff fell, she noticed an oily liquid surrounding the floor area where she fell. The liquid was subsequently determined to be a furniture polish oil which was located on a shelf directly above the area where the plaintiff fell. Evidence indicated that the furniture polish had leaked from a defective bottle onto the shelf and floor.

An ambulance was called to transport the plaintiff to the hospital. The paramedic who arrived at the scene testified that he found the plaintiff sitting in a large pool of liquid. He claimed that the plaintiff had textbook symptoms of a fractured hip. The paramedic further stated that he encountered much difficulty in placing the plaintiff on the stretcher because the liquid pool surrounding the plaintiff was very slick thus making it difficult to maintain his footing.

At trial, the evidence deposition of plaintiff's doctor was presented to the jury to establish the nature and extent of the plaintiff's injuries. The details of this evidence, however, need not be reiterated as the amount of damage sustained is not relevant to this appeal.

There was much controversy surrounding the evidence of the defendant's procedures for inspection and maintenance of the store floors. There was also conflicting testimony with respect to the amount of time that had elapsed between a prior inspection of aisle two and the time of the plaintiff's fall. The case was eventually given to the jury on the sole issue of whether the defendant had constructive notice that there was furniture polish on the floor.

At the instructions conference, the plaintiff proposed modified Illinois Pattern Jury Instruction, Civil, No. 120.06 (2d ed. 1971) (hereinafter IPI Civil 2d):

"The Defendant owed the plaintiff the duty of exercising ordinary care in maintaining the premises in a reasonably safe condition."

The court refused plaintiff's instruction and, over plaintiff's objection, gave defendant's non-IPI instruction No. 23, which states as follows:

"A property owner is not a guarantor of the safety of his premises or persons upon such premises, and liability cannot be established merely by proving that an accident and injuries occurred to plaintiff while on those premises."

The court also, in conjunction with the above instruction, over plaintiff's objection, used defendant's instruction No. 12 (IPI Civil 2d No. 10.04), which states, in part:

"It was the duty of the defendant, before and at the time of the occurrence, to use ordinary care for the safety of the plaintiff."

The court made no mention of the defendant's duty to maintain the premises in a reasonably safe condition. On appeal, the plaintiff maintains that these jury instruction rulings misstated the standard of care ...


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