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July 30, 1986


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Mills, District Judge:


The parties offer cross motions for summary judgment. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56. The Court finds that liability rests with the Defendants who have denied the Plaintiffs their rights to procedural due process in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Jurisdiction is appropriately premised on 28 U.S.C. § 1331.

Summary judgment "shall be rendered forthwith if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories and admissions on file together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). In considering a motion for summary judgment, the Court must view the facts in the light most favorable to the party against whom summary judgment is entered and give that party the benefit of all reasonable inferences to be drawn from the underlying facts. Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co., 398 U.S. 144, 157, 90 S.Ct. 1598, 1608, 26 L.Ed.2d 142 (1970). Cross motions for summary judgment require no less careful scrutiny of the factual allegations. LaCourte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians v. Voigt, 700 F.2d 341, 349 (7th Cir. 1983). The Court's inquiry "unavoidably asks whether reasonable jurors could find by a preponderance of the evidence that the Plaintiff is entitled to a verdict — `whether there is [evidence] upon which a jury can properly proceed to find a verdict for the party producing it, upon whom the onis of proof is imposed.'" Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., ___ U.S. ___, 106 S.Ct. 2505, 2511, 91 L.Ed.2d 202 (1986), (quoting Improvement Co. v. Munson, 14 Wall. 442, 448, 81 U.S. 442, 448, 81 U.S. 442, 20 L.Ed. 867 (1872) (emphasis in original).

The posture of this particular litigation facilitates adherence to these guidelines. The parties have hammered out an understanding of the facts by dent of hard labor.

The Plaintiffs are employees of the State of Illinois, specifically the Department of Public Aid. The employees of the Department of Public Aid are divided into at least two bargaining units for the purpose of administering a collective bargaining agreement entered into between the State of Illinois and Defendant American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). Although none of the Plaintiffs are members of Defendant AFSCME, they have been assigned to one of two bargaining units: RC-62 or RC-63. As of August 30, 1985, there were 12,289 state employees assigned to these two bargaining units and approximately half of these employees were not members of Defendant AFSCME.

On February 10, 1984, Defendant AFSCME entered into an agreement with the Illinois Department of Central Management Services (CMS), an agency of the state that has statutory authority to negotiate and administer collective bargaining agreements. The February 10th agreement provided for the assessment and collection of "fair share" contributions from state employees who were not members of AFSCME.*fn1

"Fair share" assessments are fees deducted from the paychecks of non-union employees and paid to the union as a pro rata assessment of the costs of conducting collective bargaining activities from which the non-union employees necessarily benefit. The parties do not contest the constitutionality of "fair share" assessments, rather the Plaintiffs object to the procedure whereby the fees were collected.

After entering into the "fair share" agreement, CMS notified various state department managers by letter of the impending "fair share" assessments in late April and again in early July 1984. By August 30, 1985, a majority of the employees in bargaining units RC-62 and RC-63 became members of Defendant AFSCME. Thereupon Defendant AFSCME notified CMS of its intention to seek "fair share" deductions from all employees who were not members of the union. Pursuant to the agreement entered into between AFSCME and CMS, AFSCME certified the "fair share" contribution to be 90% of regular union dues.

On September 6, 1985, CMS informed the various state agencies that deductions for "fair share" contributions would begin with the September 16 through 30 pay period. Between September 10 and September 30, 1985, members of Defendant AFSCME placed notices of the impending "fair share" assessments on bulletin boards throughout the state offices. (Exhibits affixed to Defendant AFSCME's reply to Plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction.) The notices indicated that the "fair share" assessment would be "90% of local union dues paid by AFSCME members." They gave a brief explanation of the manner in which the percentage was determined. And they stated that the deductions would begin with the September 30, 1985, pay period. Both notices provided the following information regarding objections to and appeals from the "fair share" assessments:

  Non-members have the right to object to the
  amount of the "fair share" fee and may do so (1)
  through AFSCME's internal procedure; or (2) by
  filing an unfair labor practice charge with the
  Illinois Public Employee Labor Relations Board,
  320 West Washington St., Suite 500, Springfield,

For further information:

  write: AFSCME Council 31, Attention Jackie
  Kinnamen, 201 North Wells St., # 1850, Chicago,
  Illinois 60606.

This suit was filed on September 27, 1986. The first pay period during which "fair share" assessments were deducted ended on September 30, 1986. Two days later, CMS sent a letter to all affected employees signed by Bureau of Personnel Manager Robert H. Tapscott which in substance tracked the notices posted by Defendant AFSCME. (Plaintiff's Exhibit 6). With respect to the opportunity to object and appeal the CMS letter provided:

  You have a right to challenge the amount of the
  fair share assessment levied by the union. You
  can obtain more information about how to
  challenge the assessment amount by writing:

  AFSCME, Attention Jackie Kinnamen, 201 North
  Wells St., Suite 1850, Chicago, Illinois
  60606 . . . Should you have any further questions,
  you may contact ...

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