Appeal from the Circuit Court of Tazewell County; the Hon.
John A. Gorman and the Hon. Donald C. Courson, Judges, presiding.
JUSTICE WOMBACHER DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
Defendant, Mark Tonkin, was convicted of the offense of rape and sentenced to eight years in the penitentiary. He appealed his conviction, our number 3-84-0756. While his appeal from the conviction was pending, he filed a post-conviction petition, which was subsequently amended. A hearing was held on the petition. We delayed determination of the appeal until the conclusion of the post-conviction proceeding. His prayer for relief was denied. He also appeals that order, our number 3-85-0314. We have consolidated these appeals for disposition. We reverse and remand for a new trial.
In this appeal, defendant raises two issues raised directly in his post-conviction proceeding. He does not challenge the sufficiency of the evidence. For this reason, only those facts sufficient for determination of the issues will be related.
At trial, the evidence from both sides was similar in many respects. Defendant raised a consent defense. In that respect, the evidence differed. The victim and the defendant were at the same bar in Peoria in the early morning of the incident. The victim, who was not with defendant that night, was looking for a friend in order to obtain a ride home. She eventually ended up in defendant's car voluntarily. She stated that he offered to drive her home; he, however, claimed she asked for the ride.
The victim lived west of Peoria, in Peoria County. Defendant lived in East Peoria, in Tazewell County. Defendant began driving toward his apartment. The victim testified that she did not realize they were going to East Peoria until they were crossing the bridge. Defendant refused her demands to turn the car around. He then grabbed her head and pulled her down on the seat next to him.
When they reached defendant's apartment, the victim tried to escape, but defendant caught her and took her into the apartment. Inside, she attempted to escape again. While running from him outside the apartment, she threw a glass that she was holding at him. It missed him, but hit a fence and broke. Defendant caught her again and took her back to the apartment. Back at the apartment, the two had intercourse on the couch.
Defendant then took her home. She stated that she tried to escape or attract attention to them. Her attempts failed. When they arrived at her home, she invited him in. She awakened her boyfriend and told him she was raped. Defendant had left.
Defendant stated that she was intoxicated. On the way to his apartment, she lay down, put her head in his lap, and passed out. She never tried to escape. They had intercourse twice, once on the couch and once on the bed. On the way out of the apartment, the victim did throw a glass, but not at him. She threw it just to get rid of it.
The victim had started talking about her family and her boyfriend. She became upset. When they arrived at her house, she invited him in. He heard her talking to another man and decided to leave.
Defendant was convicted by a jury. He was sentenced to eight years.
• 1 The first issue we shall consider is the State's failure to disclose to defendant the fact that the victim had three prior felony convictions for forgery. Under Supreme Court Rule 412, the prosecutor has a duty to disclose "any record of prior criminal convictions, which may be used for impeachment, of persons whom the State intends to call as witnesses at the hearing or trial." (87 Ill.2d R. 412(a)(vi).) This is the codification of the requirements of due process under Brady v. Maryland (1963), 373 U.S. 83, 10 L.Ed.2d 215, 83 S.Ct. 1194. See United States v. Bagley (1985), 473 U.S. 667, 87 L.Ed.2d 481, 105 S. Ct. 3375.
Noncompliance with the State's continuing duty to disclose its witnesses' criminal records is excused only where, through the exercise of due diligence, the prosecutor did not know and could not have known the existence of the record. (People v. Stokes (1984), 121 Ill. App.3d 72, 459 N.E.2d 989.) The prosecutor in the present case stated that he only checked the records in the Tazewell County State's Attorney's office. The prosecution did not check the records of the county of residence of the victim, the adjoining County of Peoria. Other cases have found this not to be sufficient to constitute due diligence. We agree.
In Stokes, the prosecutor's failing to check with the local police or other State authorities was insufficient. In People v. Pearson (1981), 102 Ill. App.3d 732, 430 N.E.2d 304, the State claimed that checking the records on 70 witnesses placed an excessive burden on the prosecutor. The court found "[t]he State could have easily requested current Bureau of Identification sheets on [its] witnesses." (102 Ill. App.3d 732, 735.) In People v. Bingham (1979), 75 Ill. App.3d 418, 394 N.E.2d 430, the court rejected the argument that the State was under no obligation to provide any prior criminal record which it had not ordered from the appropriate law-enforcement agency.
• 2 In the present case, however, the State argues that its duties were excused due to the failure of defendant to submit a written discovery request. The State, however, has waived this point. At defendant's arraignment, the prosecutor and defense counsel orally agreed to, and the court ordered, reciprocal discovery under the supreme court rules. This was the usual course of dealing in Tazewell County criminal practice. The obvious reason for this practice is for the ease of the parties and the saving of paperwork. For the State to now argue that a written discovery request was necessary in spite of its oral agreement to full discovery is patently ...