Appeal from the Circuit Court of Lake County; the Hon. Fred A.
Geiger, Judge, presiding.
PRESIDING JUSTICE NASH DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
After trial by jury defendant, Kimberly Branham, was convicted of murder (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1983, ch. 38, par. 9-1) and sentenced to a term of 30 years' imprisonment. Defendant appeals, contending the trial court erred in denying her pretrial motion to suppress evidence and that the sentence was excessive.
Evidence at trial disclosed that at the time of the offense on January 2, 1984, defendant was a 17-year-old high school senior who had been engaged in a close lesbian relationship with her classmate, Betsy Lou, for about two years. In the fall of 1983, the relationship deteriorated as Betsy wished to associate with other people, including decedent, Kurt Barlow, age 19, who she commenced dating in December. Betsy and Kurt went out together on New Year's Eve, which upset defendant; she visited Betsy on January 1, and they quarreled when defendant was unable to induce Betsy to resume their former relationship.
On January 2 Betsy had several friends, including decedent, over to her home in Lincolnshire to watch a football game on television. At about 7:20 p.m. they saw a flash of light and a flame outside the window; Betsy's mother opened the curtains, but could not raise the window and asked Kurt Barlow to do so. A shot was fired from outside the house which struck decedent in the chest, killing him. Investigating officers were advised by Betsy that she suspected defendant and that on a telephone call to defendant's home 15 minutes after the shooting they were told she was not home. The officers found footprints in the snow emanating from and returning to a grove of trees 167 feet from the window. A cast was made which when later compared to defendant's boots showed the same sole pattern, but no individual identifying characteristics were established.
Later that night police officers went to the home near Long Grove where defendant lived with her parents and, after advising defendant of her Miranda rights, inquired where she had been that night. Defendant responded she had helped a friend, Patti Redker, move and had been at an arcade in Mundelein at the time the shooting occurred. The officers also asked defendant's father if he had any guns in the house and were shown a .35-caliber Marlin deer rifle which was kept in his bedroom closet. The officers requested they be permitted to take the rifle for laboratory testing, but the father declined and the officers left without it.
Patti Redker testified in trial she had not seen defendant on the day of the shooting, but that defendant had called her on January 3 requesting she tell police, if they called, that defendant had helped her move. The attendant at the arcade at which defendant said she had been at the time of the shooting testified he did not see her that night. Joni Cordts, who was a friend of defendant, testified she had received a telephone call from defendant on January 1 in which defendant stated that she felt like killing someone and the first victim would be Kurt Barlow. A ballistics expert testified the bullet recovered from decedent's body had been fired from the rifle seized from defendant's home; that weapon, and its scope, was admitted in evidence at trial.
Defendant also testified in trial stating she was outside of Betsy Lou's home that night with her father's deer rifle, but had planned to kill herself, not Kurt Barlow. Defendant testified she was depressed over her breakup with Betsy and went to see her for the last time. When defendant saw there were visitors, she put the rifle near a tree in the woods behind the house and lit a matchbook on the windowsill to draw Betsy's attention. The flame was larger than expected, which frightened defendant, and she ran back into the woods; there she picked up the rifle to shoot herself but, she testified, it went off accidentally as she raised it, killing Kurt Barlow.
Dr. Richard Marohn, a psychiatrist, testified defendant had both a borderline personality disorder and a narcissistic behavior disorder. He stated defendant was severely disturbed with a strong propensity for suicide and was devastated over the loss of Betsy. Evidence was also presented that defendant had in the past received counseling for depression and had twice attempted suicide.
The presentence report and other evidence at the sentencing hearing disclosed defendant had no prior record of arrests, convictions or juvenile delinquency adjudications. There was evidence defendant lacked a good relationship with her parents and that Betsy became somewhat a surrogate parent. Defendant testified she was aware she had psychological problems for which she wanted help and that she regretted what she had done.
In imposing the 30-year sentence, the trial court noted, inter alia, defendant's youth, lack of prior criminal conduct, emotional disabilities and the apparent connection between the latter and the crime; the court also described the offense as a wilful, calculated murder.
• 1 Defendant contends first that the deer rifle and ballistic evidence secured from its examination should have been suppressed pursuant to her motion as the fruit of a warrantless search of the home defendant shared with her parents. She asserts that the consent given by her father to the officers' request to see his guns was not voluntary under the circumstances, and the error in admitting that evidence requires reversal for a new trial.
Testimony at the suppression hearing disclosed that two police officers came to defendant's home at 11:20 p.m. on the night of the killing; the parents were watching television and defendant was in her room. The parents testified they were tired and sleepy and neither had prior dealings with police procedures. A telephone call from the police dispatcher informed Mr. Branham the officers were outside, but could not get in, and requested that he go to the door. Branham went outside and saw the officers in a squad car on the driveway which they could not exit because the three family dogs were surrounding the car. He restrained the dogs, and, after being advised by the officers they wished to talk to him about a serious matter, all three went into the house. The officers asked Mr. and Mrs. Branham if their daughter was home; defendant entered the room and, after being advised of her Miranda rights, the officers questioned her regarding where she had been that evening.
The parents further testified they asked if an attorney was needed and were told by the officers one was not as it was a routine investigation. Mr. Branham said he felt intimidated by the officers' conduct and evasiveness, and, when the officers asked defendant if she would take a lie detector examination, he became frightened and again asked if they should call an attorney; the police again responded it was a routine investigation. After Officer Travernier finished questioning defendant, he asked Mr. Branham if he had any guns; Branham described three which he owned, one being a .35-caliber rifle with a scope. When Travernier then asked if he could see the guns, Branham arose from his chair and walked into the nearby bedroom and the officer followed him. Branham testified he did not realize Officer Travernier had followed him until he was in the bedroom, but that he did nothing to prevent it; nor did the officer ask permission or advise Branham he did not have to show the guns. In the bedroom, Branham handed Travernier the rifle in which he was interested. The officer asked if he could take the rifle for laboratory examination, but Branham declined the request. When they returned to the living room, Travernier stated he could get the rifle with a search warrant and then explained the reasons for their inquiry and the fact of the death. Mrs. Branham testified she had asked about the need for an attorney on four occasions while the officers were present, but it was not until her husband and Travernier returned from the bedroom they were advised of the seriousness of the investigation.
The police officers testified to a somewhat different version of matter, one stating the first inquiry by the Branhams relating to whether an attorney should be contacted was by Mrs. Branham while her husband and Officer Travernier were in the bedroom. Both officers said they advised the parents it was a homicide investigation after questioning defendant and before inquiring whether Mr. Branham owned any guns; prior to that point, they had said only it was a very serious and important matter. Officer Travernier stated he asked Mr. Branham if he could see the guns, and, when Branham replied that he could, both men got up and walked into the bedroom. Travernier did not expressly ask permission to accompany Branham or advise Branham he had a right to ...