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Reynolds v. Industrial Com.





Appeal from the Circuit Court of Peoria County; the Hon. Robert E. Manning, Judge, presiding.


Rehearing denied October 4, 1984.

This is a manifest-weight-of-the-evidence case. Petitioner filed a worker's compensation claim against the respondent. The matter proceeded to arbitration and the arbitrator awarded petitioner permanent partial disability benefits and medical expenses for an injury to his knee. On review, the Industrial Commission reversed the award, finding that the petitioner failed to establish that the injury arose out of and in the course of his employment. On further review, the circuit court of Peoria County reversed the Commission and reinstated the award of the arbitrator. We, in turn, reverse the circuit court and affirm the Commission.

Petitioner was a 33-year-old core maker employed by respondent. His testimony tended to establish the following: on June 15, 1978, he and a fellow core maker, Albert Ables, noticed that a machine located near their work station had become disabled. Petitioner and Ables left their station to attend to the machine, with Ables in the van and petitioner following. On the way to the machine petitioner slipped on a patch of oil and fell on his knee. He noticed extreme soreness at the time, and after leaving the malfunctioning machine without repairing it, reported to the first aid office.

Ables testified that he left his work station and that petitioner followed a few moments later. He claimed that they repaired the machine and that petitioner left to return to his work station. At that time he heard petitioner groan and saw him clutching his left knee. He did not see petitioner slip.

Petitioner testified that he reported to an unknown nurse at the first aid office. He declined her offer of a heat pack and returned to work. The head nurse at the first aid office testified that there was no record of petitioner reporting to that office on June 15, 1978, although there were numerous other incidents of his reporting between 1970 and 1977. She also stated that she did not believe that there could be an error in the records because company policy was strict with regard to the memorializing of accidents and slip-ups do not occur. The nurse on duty at the time of petitioner's purported injury was not called to testify.

Petitioner also testified that he reported the incident to his foreman, but the foreman was not called to testify.

Petitioner took a scheduled vacation in July 1978 and after his return consulted with Dr. Giebelhausen regarding his varicose veins. During his examination the doctor noted "a little clicking sensation in the left knee which he attributes possibly secondary to an injury." The varicose veins were operated upon in September 1978 and petitioner returned to work.

In January 1979 petitioner consulted with Dr. Smith, an orthopedic surgeon, regarding his knee. Dr. Smith noted in his history that petitioner stated he had fallen at work in June 1978. Dr. Smith continued to treat his patient and hospitalized him in March 1980 for knee surgery. At that time a hospital history was taken and a physical examination made by Dr. Froehling, who noted, "The patient states that he has had a slowly deteriorating condition in the left knee, which is not related to any specific trauma, but he has been treated over the past years by Dr. Smith."

Caterpillar's physician, Dr. Cooper, and Dr. Smith both believed that petitioner suffered from degenerative joint disease in the left knee and that this condition could have been aggravated by the alleged injury of June 1978. Petitioner returned to work in December 1980 after an arthrotomy and osteotomy were performed on the left knee on March 25, 1980.

No evidence was presented on review before the Commission, and the Commission did not see the petitioner.

It has been said so often that it appears fatuous to repeat the doctrines that the petitioner has the burden of proof to establish all the elements of his claim, that it is the province of the Commission to evaluate the evidence and to draw inferences therefrom, and that its determination will be reversed only if it is against the manifest weight of the evidence.

In this case the evidence consisted primarily of the testimony of the petitioner himself as to how the accident happened. There was some corroboration by Ables, but their different versions undermined their credibility. The one clear thing is that Ables did not witness the alleged slip and fall. He only heard a groan and saw petitioner clutching his knee. In the same fashion, petitioner's testimony that he visited the first aid office appears tenuous in the light of the testimony by the nurse that no record of it was made despite a strict company policy of recordation of accidents.

The medical testimony is also conflicting. Dr. Smith's records indicated a statement by petitioner that he had fallen, but the hospital records made a year later indicate no specific trauma. The doctors agreed that petitioner suffered from degenerative joint disease and that this was susceptible of aggravation by an alleged fall. However, the causal ...

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