Appeal from the Circuit Court of Will County; the Hon. Thomas
W. Vinson, Judge, presiding.
PRESIDING JUSTICE STOUDER DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
This action was commenced in the circuit court of Will County by Bernard Vasquez seeking to review a decision of the electoral board for the village of Steger pursuant to section 10-10.1 of the Election Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1981, ch. 46, par. 10-10.1). By written objection presented to the electoral board, Bernard Vasquez objected to the nomination of Edward C. Grollemond, Richard J. Porter, Kenneth B. Shipley and Clarence T. Helsel seeking village offices under the name and style of the "Action IV Party" with respect to an election to be held on April 12, 1983. The objection requested the electoral board to strike the nominating petitions of such persons and to prevent such persons from being listed on the ballot either individually or as members of the Action IV Party. The electoral board for Steger denied the objections and upon review by the circuit court of Will County the action of the electoral board was approved. On appeal to this court, we granted an expedited briefing and hearing schedule and by our memorandum of decision, dated March 18, 1983, one Justice dissenting, we reversed the orders of the circuit court and electoral board directing that the names of the individuals should appear on the written ballot but without the designation "Action IV Party" or any other party designation. In said memorandum order we also indicated opinions of the court would follow.
The facts are substantially undisputed. The appellees nomination petitions requested that they be designated as "Action IV Party," a new political party for the village of Steger.
The Action Party has run candidates for election for many years in the village of Steger under the label "Action Party" and Action Party II, III and now VI. The same group of people headed by Louis Sherman, village president, have been involved with this party since its inception in 1977, as testified to by all three members of the electoral board. The Action Party, in 1977 ran a ticket for the municipal offices of village president, clerk and trustees; Louis Sherman ran for president, William Hodge for clerk, Milford Bisping and Edward C. Grollemond for trustees. This ticket won the election and received more than 5% of the vote cast.
At the next ensuing village election in April 1979, the Action Party again ran candidates for office. This time only three trustees were up for election, Edward C. Grollemond and Richard J. Porter being two of the candidates of said Action Party at that time. The Action Party filed their petitions as a "New Political Party" under the name Action II using the roman numeral II, a number, along with the party name, "Action Party."
In 1981, the last municipal election in Steger, the incumbent mayor (Sherman), clerk (Hodge) and trustee (Bisping) all ran for re-election under the same party name, "Action Party," using the roman numeral III after the party name. It is significant to note that all three party members who have run under the "Action" designation in 1977 and 1981 were the members of the electoral board below that decided the issues in this case. All three members testified, under oath, that the roman numeral designation after the party name signified that it was the second, third and now the fourth time the Action Party was running candidates for office.
The nomination papers objected to below reveal that Edward C. Grollemond and Richard J. Porter (who have previously run under the "Action Party" label) are running for re-election along with Kenneth B. Shipley and Clarence T. Helsel, as the "Action IV Party" candidates. The Action Party is not chartered or incorporated. It has neither officers nor members as such and no bylaws or rules. There is some continuity of personnel associated with the party label in the village elections occurring since 1977 but no activities of the group in between such village elections.
This controversy arises because, according to the appellant, statutory provisions applicable to the election have been violated. Section 10-2 of the Election Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 46, par. 10-2) provides in pertinent part:
"A political party which, at the last election in any congressional district * * * municipality or other political subdivision or district * * * polled more than 5% of the entire vote cast within such territorial area or political subdivision, as the case may be, has voted as a unit for the election of officers to serve the respective territorial area of such district or political subdivision, is hereby declared to be an `established political party' within the meaning of this Article as to such district or political subdivision."
Section 10-2 further provides that once a party has become an established party by receiving more than 5% of the votes at an election within a political subdivision, such party's candidates shall thereafter be nominated by primary procedures or caucus procedures described in section 7-1 of the Election Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 46, par. 7-1). Section 10-1 of the Election Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 46, par. 10-1) provides that candidates for election by established parties may not be nominated under the provisions of article 10 of the Election Code, its provision for nomination applying only to new parties.
In this case it is undisputed the "Action Party" was a new party in 1977 receiving more than 5% of the vote for village candidates at that election. It is also undisputed that "Action II Party" and "Action III Party" received more than 5% of the vote cast for village officers in the elections of 1979 and 1981, even though in each of those years the parties so designated petitioned for nomination as a new party.
• 1 The initial question to be resolved is whether "Action IV Party" is the same party which was designated "Action III Party" in 1981 and in prior years under the Action Party label. We hold that such party is the same party and does not become a new party in terms of label designation merely by adding a number which according to the witnesses, merely designated the number of times the party had been on the ballot. The defendants for all practical purposes, concede the "Action IV Party" was not a new party because under the statutory definition it as a party had received more than 5% of the total vote cast at the next preceding election for village officers and was thereby an "established party" as described in the statute.
The appellees suggest they are not an established party because they are not organized as a party. However, the statutes neither refer to or require that parties either new or established be organized in any particular form, and if the association form which the individuals have adopted in their desire to associate as a new party is sufficient for that purpose it is also sufficient for the purpose of becoming an established party when the group receives the percentage of the vote designated in the statute. If continuing formal organization were required, then the statute would be meaningless because the general purpose and intent of the statute could easily be circumvented either by not organizing or changing the formal organization structure at each election. Nor do we believe the statute can be said to apply only to major parties meaning either the Republican or Democratic party. There is obviously from a reading of the statute, no such exception described therein and indeed no reason appears in the Act either why it would be so limited or why it should not apply to all parties once they have received the substantial percentage of votes cast required by the statute.
• 2 The statute, section 10-2 of the Election Code (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 46, par. 10-2), provides that nominations by "established parties" may not be made under article 10 of the Election Code but can only be made under article 7 of the Election Code. It is undisputed that article 7 of the Election Code was not complied with, and the only provision of the Election Code ...