Appeal from the Circuit Court of St. Clair County; the Hon.
Thomas P. O'Donnell, Judge, presiding.
JUSTICE KASSERMAN DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
Plaintiff, as administratrix of the estate of the decedent, Dennis W. Churchill, brought negligence actions against defendants, the Village of Cahokia (hereinafter the Village) and Noel D. Hulsey. It was alleged that the Village was negligent in the maintenance of a traffic signal at the street intersection where decedent was killed. It was further alleged that Mr. Hulsey was negligent in the operation of a motorcycle which struck decedent at the intersection. The case was tried and submitted to the jury on a comparative negligence theory as to each defendant. Plaintiff appeals from the verdicts and the judgment returned in favor of defendants.
At trial, Billy Halley, a police officer for the Village, testified that he reported a traffic collision involving a pedestrian and a motorcycle rider which occurred at about 4:30 p.m. on August 27, 1977, at the intersection of Camp Jackson Road and Range Lane in the Village. Officer Halley testified that when he arrived at the scene he discovered decedent, Mr. Churchill, lying on the corner of the intersection and Mr. Hulsey, the motorcycle rider, a few feet farther away. He said he saw no skid marks on the street and that the collision occurred in daylight when the streets were clear and dry. Officer Halley stated that at this intersection Range Lane is a two-lane highway running northeast and southwest and that Camp Jackson Road is four lanes wide running east and west, with two eastbound lanes and two westbound lanes divided by a concrete median. Traffic at the intersection is controlled by electric traffic signals with the normal red-greenamber sequence, but on the afternoon of the collision one of the traffic signals had apparently been damaged by an automobile, and, consequently, the remaining signals automatically switched to flashing yellow for Camp Jackson Road traffic and flashing red for Range Lane traffic. Officer Halley denied that it was a regular practice of the Village to send a police officer to direct traffic at the intersection when the traffic lights malfunctioned and operated in a flashing mode. Officer Halley described the pedestrian traffic at this intersection as minimal.
Officer Halley further testified that Mr. Hulsey told him at the scene of the collision that he was traveling west on Camp Jackson Road when decedent walked out in front of his motorcycle. According to Officer Halley, Mr. Hulsey explained that he swerved to avoid hitting decedent but that the decedent turned and started back towards the curb and stepped right in front of him. Officer Halley said he also spoke with two eyewitnesses, Jeff Fox and Martin Blecha, and that their descriptions of the collision were consistent with Mr. Hulsey's observations.
Noel Hulsey testified that he and Martin Blecha were on their motorcycles traveling west on Camp Jackson Road, approximately one-half block from the intersection with Range Lane, when they first observed decedent. He said the traffic signals on Camp Jackson Road were flashing yellow and traffic was moderately heavy. Mr. Hulsey said he heard the sound of a car's horn and saw decedent take a few steps and jump up to the curb from in front of a car traveling in the westbound curb lane of Camp Jackson Road. Mr. Hulsey said that at this time he did not apply the brakes on his motorcycle but let up on the motorcycle's throttle and began to slow down.
Mr. Hulsey related that he next saw decedent from a distance of approximately 30 feet from the intersection. According to Mr. Hulsey, decedent ran from the northwest corner of the intersection through the westbound curb lane and into the westbound median lane of Camp Jackson Road. When Mr. Hulsey observed decedent running into the street, he said he applied his back brake and began to swerve into the westbound curb lane of Camp Jackson Road away from decedent, continually sounding his horn as he did so. Mr. Hulsey testified that he did not apply his motorcycle's front brake because of the possibility of dumping the motorcycle in the street. Mr. Hulsey said that as he began his evasive actions he saw decedent stop for an instant in the median lane and stoop over, apparently to pick up a book from the street. Mr. Hulsey said he next saw decedent a few feet directly in front of his motorcycle in the westbound curb lane near the curb itself. Mr. Hulsey stated that he applied both front and back brakes at that moment but was unable to avoid the collision.
Martin Blecha took the stand and corroborated many of the details of Mr. Hulsey's testimony. Mr. Blecha estimated that both he and Mr. Hulsey were traveling at about 40 m.p.h. as they approached the intersection and about 15 m.p.h. and 30 m.p.h., respectively, at the time of impact. Mr. Blecha testified that decedent's progress into the intersection prior to the collision brought him within three feet of the median and that he would have avoided the collision had he continued to proceed across instead of attempting to make it back to the curb on the north side of the intersection. Mr. Blecha further testified that decedent did not look toward the oncoming traffic when he entered the intersection, nor did he look toward the oncoming traffic when he returned and ran in front of Mr. Hulsey's motorcycle.
Jeff Fox, who was traveling west on Camp Jackson Road in a pickup truck at the time of the collision, testified that he saw decedent run out into the street, stop, and act like he was going to proceed across to the median but that he appeared undecided as to what to do. Mr. Fox stated he then saw decedent run back to the point where the collision occurred. Mr. Fox also stated a belief that if decedent had not run back in front of the motorcycle, Mr. Hulsey's evasive actions would have avoided the collision.
Village Mayor Michael King testified that the intersection at Camp Jackson Road and Range Lane was hazardous before traffic signals were installed in 1975 but that this situation was, for the most part, rectified by the installation of the traffic signals. Mayor King said that the intersection was not a pedestrian crossing and that there was no pedestrian overpass or crosswalk, nor were there pedestrian traffic signals at the intersection. Mayor King indicated that it was the regular practice of the Village police to direct traffic at this intersection when there was heavy traffic and a hazardous condition existed. The mayor also stated that the Village owned and maintained the traffic signals and that on the day of the collision he noticed that the signal at the intersection was flashing yellow sometime between 1 p.m. and 4 p.m. Mayor King radioed the police dispatcher, who informed the mayor that the police had already been notified of the situation and had called Dron Electric Company to perform repairs on the damaged signals. The signals were not repaired until several hours after the collision involving decedent.
Dr. Asif A. Hameedi, the emergency room physician at the Centreville Township Hospital, testified that decedent suffered a fracture of the right leg and severe head injuries which caused decedent's death.
Darlene Atchinson testified that traffic at the intersection of Camp Jackson Road and Range Lane was heavy both before and after the collision and that the signal on Camp Jackson Road was flashing yellow at around noon on the day of the collision. Mrs. Atchinson and her teenage daughters Ilene and Melody stated that pedestrians crossed at this intersection daily.
A number of ordinances of the Village relating to traffic control were read into evidence by the plaintiff's counsel.
Lieutenant Lawrence Sanderson of the Village police testified that the State of Illinois had exclusive control of Camp Jackson Road but acknowledged that the Village constructed and owned the traffic signals. Lieutenant Sanderson also testified that after installation of the traffic signals in 1975, the automobile collision rate at the intersection decreased, resulting in eight collisions in 1980 and six collisions in 1981, but there had been no collisions involving pedestrians. Lieutenant Sanderson concluded that if a pedestrian used good judgment in crossing the intersection at Camp Jackson Road and Range Lane "it shouldn't be that much of a hazard."
During closing argument plaintiff argued that the Village was negligent in that (1) it did not send a police officer to direct traffic at the intersection of Camp Jackson Road and Range Lane during the approximate six-hour interim when the traffic lights malfunctioned and the lights were in the flashing mode; (2) it failed to provide safe passage across the intersection; and (3) it failed to warn pedestrians of the danger at the intersection. Plaintiff also ...