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RUSSO v. BACHE HALSEY STUART SHIELDS

United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois, E.D


November 18, 1982

SARA RUSSO, DAVID RUSSO, MARY ANN PARKER, PLAINTIFFS,
v.
BACHE HALSEY STUART SHIELDS, INC., DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Aspen, District Judge:

  MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

Plaintiffs Sara Russo, David Russo and Mary Ann Parker have sued defendant Bache Halsey Stuart Shields, Inc. ("Bache") for securities fraud under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78j(b),*fn1 Rule 10(b)5, 17 C.F.R. § 240.10b-5,*fn2 several rules of the Chicago Board of Options Exchange,*fn3 Section 5(b) of the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C. § 77e(b)(2),*fn4 Regulation T of the Federal Reserve Board, 12 C.F.R. § 220.4(e)(2),*fn5 as well as various state law claims. Jurisdiction is asserted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332 and 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Presently before the Court is Bache's motion to dismiss plaintiffs' complaint pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. For reasons stated below, Bache's motion is granted in part and denied in part.

Plaintiffs have alleged that they each opened stock option accounts at Bache through an account executive, Phillip Reznick, in January 1981. According to plaintiffs, Bache subsequently engaged in a variety of acts and omissions, such as, inter alia, failing to deliver a prospectus, churning plaintiffs' accounts and making false representations, in violation of the aforementioned statutes, regulations and rules. In its motion to dismiss, Bache asserts that plaintiffs' complaint: (1) improperly joins several parties, in violation of Rule 20 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; (2) fails to comply with Rules 8(a) and 9(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure; (3) fails to state a cause of action, in that the Chicago Board of Options Exchange Rules and Regulation T of the Federal Reserve Board, 12 C.F.R. § 220.4(e)(2), do not give rise to private rights of action; (4) insofar as it alleges violations of §§ 5 and 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C. § 77e and § 771 is barred by the statute of limitations set forth in § 13 of that Act, 15 U.S.C. § 77m, and in § 29 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78cc; and (5) fails to allege claims of common law fraud, breach of fiduciary duty, and breach of promise. When considering a motion to dismiss, the allegations of the complaint must be viewed in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41, 45, 78 S.Ct. 99, 102, 2 L.Ed.2d 80 (1957); Scheuer v. Rhodes, 416 U.S. 232, 236, 94 S.Ct. 1683, 1686,40 L.Ed.2d 90 (1974). With these standards in mind, each of Bache's arguments will be considered in turn.

Improper Joinder

Bache argues that the facts and circumstances concerning the three plaintiffs are substantially different, for their level of investment sophistication, financial positions, trades and losses varied, and the allegations made by the plaintiffs differ. Thus, according to Bache, plaintiffs are improperly joined in violation of Rule 20 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and they should therefore be severed pursuant to Rule 21. Rule 20 provides that:

  All persons may join in one action as plaintiffs
  if they assert any right to relief jointly,
  severally, or in the alternative in respect of or
  arising out of the same transaction, occurrence,
  or series of transactions or occurrences and if
  any question of law or fact common to all these
  persons will arise in the action.

Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, "joinder of claims, parties and remedies is strongly encouraged." United Mine Workers of America v. Gibbs, 383 U.S. 715, 724, 86 S.Ct. 1130, 1138, 16 L.Ed.2d 218 (1966). For joinder of parties to be proper, there must be both common questions of law or fact and the rights asserted must arise out of the same transaction or series of transactions. Magnavox Co. v. APF Electronics, Inc., 496 F. Supp. 29, 34 (N.D.Ill. 1980). It is clear from the complaint herein that Sara Russo, David Russo and Mary Ann Parker dealt with the same account executive, Phillip Reznick, at Bache. The complaint further alleges transactions involving Mr. Reznick, Sara Russo and David Russo, as well as Mr. Reznick, Sara Russo and Mary Ann Parker.*fn6 The causes of action thus arise out of a series of transactions among plaintiffs and the agents of Bache. Moreover, plaintiffs present common questions of fact and law under the statutes, regulations and rules they have evoked. For these reasons, plaintiffs are properly joined in this action.

Rule 8(a) and Rule 9(b)

Bache argues that the complaint fails to comply with pleading requirements set forth in the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Count I of the complaint alleges violations of Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)5 of the federal securities laws; Fed.R.Civ.P. 9(b) governs the pleading of Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)5 claims, Schaefer v. First National Bank of Lincolnwood, 509 F.2d 1287, 1297 (7th Cir. 1975), cert. denied, 425 U.S. 943, 96 S.Ct. 1682, 48 L.Ed.2d 186 (1975), and Rule 9(b) must be read together with Rule 8. Tomera v. Gait, 511 F.2d 504, 508 (7th Cir. 1975). Rule 8(a)(2) requires that a complaint contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief. . . ." Rule 9(b), however, states that "circumstances constituting fraud or mistake shall be pleaded with particularity." Simply reciting conclusory allegations that defendant's conduct was fraudulent or in violation of Section 10 or Rule 10(b)5 does not satisfy Rule 9(b). Garner v. Enright, 71 F.R.D. 656, 658 (E.D. N Y 1976). A plaintiff alleging securities fraud must specifically allege the acts or omissions upon which his or her claim rests. Ross v. A.H. Robins Co., 607 F.2d 545, 557 (2d Cir. 1979), cert. denied, 446 U.S. 946, 100 S.Ct. 2175, 64 L.Ed.2d 802 (1980).

In the instant case, Count I of the complaint adequately sets forth the time periods and contents of the allegedly false representations, the alleged omissions of allegedly material facts, as well as the identity of the individuals who made them. Thus, the defendant has received the proper notice to which it is entitled. Darling & Co. v. Klouman, 87 F.R.D. 756, 758 (N.D.Ill. 1980). Plaintiffs have supplied, as they must, a brief sketch of the allegedly fraudulent transactions, where and when they occurred and the individuals involved. Tomera v. Galt, 511 F.2d 504, 509 (7th Cir. 1975); Alco Financial Services v. Treasure Island Motor Inn, 82 F.R.D. 735, 737 (N.D. Ill. 1979). We therefore decline to dismiss Count I of plaintiffs' complaint in its entirety.*fn7

However, insofar as Count I seeks damages for churning*fn8 of plaintiffs' options accounts, it is dismissed. Under federal securities law, churning is cognizable as fraud, Newburger, Loeb & Co. v. Gross, 563 F.2d 1057, 1070 (2d Cir. 1977), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 1035, 98 S.Ct. 769, 54 L.Ed.2d 782 (1978). Churning does not involve a single trade or transaction, but rather, a series of transactions which are excessive in light of market conditions, commission size and customer sophistication. Fey v. Walston & Co., 493 F.2d 1036, 1050 (7th Cir. 1974); Polera v. Altorfer, Podesta, Woolard & Co., 503 F. Supp. 116, 118 (N.D.Ill. 1980). While at least one court has held that a complaint for churning need not provide specific detail to support its allegations, Kaufman v. Magid, Fed.Sec.L.Rep. (CCH) ¶ 98713 (D.Mass. 1982), other courts have required considerably greater specificity, Vetter v. Shearson Hayden Stone Inc., 481 F. Supp. 64, 66 (S.D. N Y 1979); Zaretsky v. E.F. Hutton & Co., 509 F. Supp. 68, 74 (S.D.N.Y. 1981). In our view, the better rule is that specificity is required when pleading churning. See, e.g., Baselski v. Paine, Webber, Jackson & Curtis, Inc., 514 F. Supp. 535, 541 (N.D.Ill. 1981). A plaintiff in pleading a churning claim must identify the securities involved, the nature, amount and dates of transactions in issue, as well as sufficient facts to allow for a determination of the turnover ratio in the account and/or the percentage of the account value paid in commissions. Shelley v. Noffsinger, 511 F. Supp. 687, 692 (N.D.Ill. 1981). In the instant case, the complaint fails to plead churning with the requisite specificity, and, therefore, paragraph F of Count I must be dismissed.

     Implied Private Rights of Action Under Chicago Board of
                     Options Exchange Rules

In Count II, plaintiffs allege that the identical factual allegations which gave rise to the violations of Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)5 alleged in Count I of the complaint also violated several rules of the Chicago Board of Options Exchange ("CBOE"). Bache, in its motion to dismiss, asserts that the federal securities laws do not create a private right of action for violations of CBOE rules.

In Buttrey v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 410 F.2d 135 (7th Cir.), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 838, 90 S.Ct. 98, 24 L.Ed.2d 88 (1969), the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit held that a violation of the New York Stock Exchange ("NYSE") Rule 405, when accompanied by allegations of fraud, stated an implied private right of action. Id. at 142. In so holding, the court discussed Colonial Realty Corp. v. Bache & Co., 358 F.2d 178 (2d Cir.), cert. denied, 385 U.S. 817, 87 S.Ct. 40, 17 L.Ed.2d 56 (1966), which emphasized that stock exchange rules can play an integral part in SEC regulation. The Court in Buttrey added that Rule 405 was designed in part to protect the public, and that a private action for its violation was consistent with the purposes of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78a-78kk. Id. at 181-82. Moreover, in Sanders v. John Nuveen & Co., 554 F.2d 790 (7th Cir. 1977), cert. denied, 450 U.S. 1005, 101 S.Ct. 1719, 68 L.Ed.2d 210 (1981), the Seventh Circuit emphasized that a finding of fraud is necessary to premise an implied private right of action upon a violation of a rule promulgated by the National Association of Securities Dealers.

However, since the Buttrey decision, the Supreme Court has provided considerable guidance concerning the implication of private rights of actions from federal statutes and regulations. The Court delineated four factors to examine in determining the existence of an implied remedy in Cort v. Ash, 422 U.S. 66, 95 S.Ct. 2080, 45 L.Ed.2d 26 (1975).*fn9 And in Touche Ross & Co. v. Redington, 442 U.S. 560, 99 S.Ct. 2479, 61 L.Ed.2d 82 (1979), the Court held that § 17(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78q(a), does not create an implied right of action. The Court added that in deciding this issue, its inquiry was "limited solely to determining whether Congress intended to create the private right of action. . . ." Id. at 568, 99 S.Ct. at 2485. Moreover, Transamerica Mortgage Advisors, Inc. v. Lewis, 444 U.S. 11, 100 S.Ct. 242, 62 L.Ed.2d 146 (1979), held that § 206 of the Investment Advisors Act of 1940, 15 U.S.C. § 80b-1 — 80b-21, created no implied private remedy for damages. It is thus clear that the tendency toward creating implied private rights of action in federal statutes and regulations has been substantially tempered. But see Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith v. Curran, ___ U.S. ___, 102 S.Ct. 1825, 72 L.Ed.2d 182 (1982) (The Commodity Exchange Act, 7 U.S.C. § 1-24, creates a private right of action for damages). In Gateway Industries v. Agency Rent A Car, 495 F. Supp. 92 (N.D.Ill. 1980), this Court summarized the recent trend away from inferring private rights of action and held that section 13d of the Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78m(d), did not create an implied private right of action. We also observed that the more conservative approach to implied private rights of action reflected dissatisfaction on the part of the Supreme Court with the willingness of the federal courts to infer private rights of action in a number of statutory schemes. 495 F. Supp. at 95-97.

Turning specifically to implied private rights of action for the violation of stock exchange and stock association rules, Jablon v. Dean Witter & Co., 614 F.2d 677 (9th Cir. 1980), held that federal securities laws do not create an implied private right of action for the violation of NYSE Rule 405. The court in Jablon declared that it could find no congressional intent to provide for a violation of exchange rules in either § 6(b) of the Securities Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78F(b) or in § 27 of the Act, 15 U.S.C. § 78aa.*fn10 See also Thompson v. Smith Barney, Harris Upham, 539 F. Supp. 859, 865 (N.D.Ga. 1982). We are persuaded that there is no implied private right of action for violations of exchange rules.*fn11 For these reasons, Count II, which alleges violations of CBOE Rules 9.7(b), 9.7(e), 9.15, 9.9 and 9.8, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted and is dismissed.

An Implied Private Right of Action Under Regulation T

Regulation T of the Federal Reserve Board, 12 C.F.R. § 220.4(c)(2) provides that:

  In case a customer purchases a security (other
  than an exempted security) in the special cash
  account and does not make full cash payment for
  the security within 7 days after the date on
  which the security is so purchased, the creditor
  shall, except as provided in paragraphs (c)(3)
  through (7) of this section promptly cancel or
  otherwise liquidate the transaction or the
  unsettled portion thereof.*fn12

Plaintiffs allege that Bache violated Regulation T by failing to liquidate their options positions after seven days of under-margining in Count IV of their complaint. In its motion to dismiss, Bache asserts that no private right of action may be implied for a violation of Regulation T.

A number of courts have considered whether Regulation T gives rise to an implied private right of action. In Pearlstein v. Scudder & German, 429 F.2d 1136 (1970), cert. denied, 401 U.S. 1013, 91 S.Ct. 1250, 28 L.Ed.2d 550 (1971), the court held that a customer had an implied right of action against a broker for losses suffered in connection with violations of Regulation T. That court, however, in so holding, emphasized the fact that federal margin requirements forbade a broker from extending undue credit, but did not forbid customers from accepting such credit; the Court interpreted this as an indication that Congress placed the responsibility for observing margin requirements on the broker. 429 F.2d at 1141. After Pearlstein, Congress added subsection (f), 15 U.S.C. § 78g(f) to § 7 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934,*fn13 which, along with Regulation X, 12 C.F.R. § 224, made it unlawful for customers to obtain credit in violation of margin requirements. With customers, as well as brokers, responsible for observing margin requirements, the Pearlstein rationale for finding an implied right of action under Regulation T has been substantially undermined. Pearlstein v. Scudder & German, 527 F.2d 1141 (2d Cir. 1975). Indeed, for this reason, several circuits have not recognized such a right of action for violation of Regulation T. Gilman v. Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., 660 F.2d 688, 692 (6th Cir. 1981); Stern v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, 603 F.2d 1073, 1088 (4th Cir. 1979); Utah State University, etc. v. Bear, Stearns & Co., 549 F.2d 164, 170 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 434 U.S. 890, 98 S.Ct. 264, 54 L.Ed.2d 176 (1977). In light of the aforementioned legislative history, as well as the Supreme Court's recent approach to implied private rights of action, e.g., Transamerica Mortgage Advisors, Inc. v. Lewis, 444 U.S. 11, 100 S.Ct. 242, 62 L.Ed.2d 146 (1979), we hold that there is no private right of action under Regulation T.*fn14 Accordingly, Count IV of the complaint is dismissed.

Section 5(b)2 of the Securities Act of 1933

Plaintiffs allege in Count III that Bache failed to deliver a Prospectus of the Options Clearing Corporation ("OCC") to Mary Ann Parker, and that Bache delivered OCC prospectuses to Sara Russo and David Russo only after commencing to trade their accounts. Failing to deliver a prospectus, according to plaintiffs, violated Section 5(b)2 of the Securities Act of 1933, 15 U.S.C. § 77e(b)(2), thus rendering the options transactions voidable pursuant to § 29(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78cc(b). Bache seeks to dismiss Count III under a variety of legal theories.*fn15 We need not consider all of these arguments, however, since we hold that Count III fails to state a cause of action and must be dismissed.

Section 5 of the 1933 Act, 15 U.S.C. § 77e(b)(2) declares that:

  It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or
  indirectly —

  (2) to carry or cause to be carried through the
  mails or in interstate commerce any such security
  for the purpose of sale or for delivery after
  sale, unless accompanied or preceded by a
  prospectus that meets the requirements of
  subsection (a) of Section 77j of this title.

This section, however, does not itself provide for a private right of action. Unicorn Field, Inc. v. Cannon Group, Inc., 60 F.R.D. 217, 223 (S.D.N.Y. 1973). Rather, section 12 of the 1933 Act, 15 U.S.C. § 77l makes liable to a purchaser any person who "offers or sells a security in violation of section 77l of this title." No civil liability arises solely as a result of a violation of section 5. In re North American Acceptance Corp. Securities Cases, 513 F. Supp. 608, 618 (N.D. Ga. 1981). Private civil liability for violations of section 5 exists only when the provisions of section 12 have been met. Greater Iowa Corp. v. McLendon,
378 F.2d 783, 790 (8th Cir. 1967). At no point in the complaint do plaintiffs allege a violation of section 12; and we, therefore, hold that Count III must be dismissed.*fn16

State Law Claims

Counts V, VI and VII allege, respectively, breach of fiduciary duty, common law fraud and breach of promise. In its motion to dismiss, Bache argues that these counts fail to state claims upon which relief may be granted. Specifically, as to the existence of a fiduciary relationship, Bache argues that rather than pleading the existence of such a relationship with particularity, the complaint is conclusory. The complaint clearly alleges broker-customer relations between Mr. Reznick and plaintiffs. While it is true that "[t]he mere existence of a broker-customer relationship is not proof of its fiduciary character," Fey v. Walston & Co., 493 F.2d 1036 (7th Cir. 1974), the allegation of a broker-customer relationship in a claim of breach of fiduciary duty is sufficient to withstand a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Sostrin v. Altschul, 492 F. Supp. 486, 489 (N.D.Ill. 1980). We therefore decline to dismiss Count V.

Turning to Count VI, the claim of common law fraud, Bache argues that this Count fails to meet the requirements of Rule 9(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. We have earlier held that plaintiffs' complaint adequately stated a claim for relief under Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)5 of the federal securities laws. When Count VI is considered in light of the paragraphs of the complaint which precede it, which plaintiffs have realleged in Count VI, we believe that Rule 9(b) is satisfied. The complaint alleges sufficient facts concerning the time periods, nature of alleged omissions and misrepresentations, as well as the individuals involved. Tomera v. Galt, 511 F.2d 504 (7th Cir. 1975); Savino v. E.F. Hutton & Co., 507 F. Supp. 1225, 1232 (S.D. N.Y. 1981); Alco Financial Services v. Treasure Island Motor Inn, 82 F.R.D. 735 (N.D.Ill. 1979). Therefore, the motion to dismiss Count VI will be denied.

Count VII seeks damages for breach of an alleged oral contract between Bache, Sara Russo and David Russo. Plaintiffs allege that Bache breached its promises (1) not to liquidate their options accounts until a certificate of deposit owned by Sara Russo matured, and (2) to waive the margin calls to which plaintiffs' options accounts were subject. However, at no point in their complaint do plaintiffs allege that they made any promises to Bache in exchange for Bache's promises to them. Under Illinois law, mutual promises are sufficient consideration to support a contract, Wilson v. Continental Body Corporation, 93 III.App.3d 966, 970, 49 Ill.Dec. 412, 415, 418 N.E.2d 56 (1981). Unilateral promises, however, cannot give rise to enforceable contracts for lack of mutuality. Kraftco Corp. v. Kolbus, 1 Ill.App.3d 635, 638-39, 274 N.E.2d 153, 155 (1971). Accordingly, Count VII fails to state a claim for breach of contract and is dismissed.

Conclusion

For the reasons set forth in this opinion, Bache's motion to dismiss is granted in part and denied in part. Paragraph F of Count I, Counts II, III, IV and VII are dismissed; the remainder of Count I, Counts V and VI are not. It is so ordered.

APPENDIX A

Plaintiffs allege violations of the following rules:

    Rule 9F(b) Diligence in Opening Account. In
  approving a customer's account for options
  transactions, a member organization shall
  exercise due diligence to learn the essential
  facts as to the customer and his investment
  objectives and financial situation, and shall
  make a record of such information which shall be
  retained in accordance with Rule 9.8. Based upon
  such information, the branch office manager or
  other Registered Options Principal shall approve
  in writing the customer's account for options
  transactions; provided, that if the branch office
  manager is not a Registered Options Principal,
  his approval shall within a reasonable time be
  confirmed by a Registered Options Principal.

    Rule 9.7(e) Prospectus to Be Furnished. At or
  prior to the time a customer's account is
  approved for options transactions, a member
  organization shall furnish the customer with a
  current Prospectus as defined in rule 9.15.

    Rule 9.8(a) Duty to Supervise; Senior
  Registered Options Principal. Every member
  organization shall develop and implement a
  written program for the review of the
  organization's non-member customer accounts and
  all orders in such accounts, insofar as such
  accounts and orders relate to option contracts.
  This program shall be under the supervision of a
  designated Senior Registered Options Principal
  who is specifically identified to the Exchange
  and who is an officer (in the case of a
  corporation) or general partner (in the case of a
  partnership) of the member organization.

    (b) Compliance Registered Options Principal.
  Every member organization shall designate and
  specifically identify to the Exchange a
  Compliance Registered Options Principal (who may
  be the Senior Registered Options Principal), who
  shall have no sales functions and shall be
  responsible to review and to propose appropriate
  action to secure the member organization's
  compliance with securities laws and regulations
  and Exchange rules in respect of its options
  business. The Compliance Registered Options
  Principal shall regularly furnish reports
  directly to the compliance officer (if the
  Compliance Registered Options Principal is not
  himself the compliance officer) and to other
  senior management of the member organization. The
  requirement that the Compliance Registered
  Options Principal shall have no sales functions
  does not apply to a member organization that has
  received less than $1,000,000 in gross
  commissions on options business as reflected in
  its FOCUS Report for either of the preceding
  two fiscal years or that currently has 10 or fewer
  Registered Representatives.

    (c) Maintenance of Customer Records. Background
  and financial information of customers who have
  been approved for options transactions shall be
  maintained at both the branch office servicing
  the customer's account and the principal
  supervisory office having jurisdiction over that
  branch office. Copies of account statements of
  options customers shall be maintained at both the
  branch office supervising the accounts and the
  principal supervisory office having jurisdiction
  over that branch for the most recent six-month
  period. Other records necessary to the proper
  supervision of accounts shall be maintained at a
  place easily accessible both to the branch office
  servicing the customer's account and to the
  principal supervisory office having jurisdiction
  over that branch office.

    Rule 9.9. Every member, Registered Options
  Principal or Registered Representative who
  recommends to a customer the purchase or sale
  (writing) of any option contract shall have
  reasonable grounds for believing that the
  recommendation is not unsuitable for such
  customer on the basis of the information
  furnished by such customer after reasonable
  inquiry as to his investment objectives,
  financial situation and needs, and any other
  information known by such member, Registered
  Options Principal or Registered Representative.

    No member, Registered Options Principal or
  Registered Representative shall recommend to a
  customer an opening transaction in any option
  contract unless the person making the
  recommendation has a reasonable basis for
  believing at the time of making the
  recommendation that the customer has such
  knowledge and experience in financial matters
  that he may reasonably be expected to be capable
  of evaluating the risks of the recommended
  transaction, and is financially able to bear the
  risks of the recommended position in the option
  contract.

    Rule 9.15. Every member organization shall
  deliver a current Prospectus to each customer at
  or prior to the time such customer's account is
  approved for options transactions. Thereafter,
  each new current Prospectus shall be distributed
  to every customer having an account approved for
  options transactions, or, in the alternative,
  shall be distributed not later than the time a
  confirmation of a transaction is delivered to
  each customer who enters into an options
  transaction. Where such customer is a broker or
  dealer, the member organization shall take
  reasonable steps to see to it that such broker or
  dealer is furnished reasonable quantities of
  current Prospectuses, as requested by him in
  order to enable him to comply with the
  requirements of Section 5 of the Securities Act
  of 1933. The term "current Prospectus" means that
  edition of the prospectus of the Clearing
  Corporation as registrant which, at the time it
  is to be furnished to a given customer, meets the
  requirements of Section 10(a)(3) of the
  Securities Act of 1933. (Note: The Exchange will
  advise members when a new prospectus meeting the
  requirements of Section 10(a)(3) is available.)


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