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Simpson v. Irving

OPINION FILED AUGUST 12, 1981.

ROBERT SIMPSON, PETITIONER-APPELLANT,

v.

JAMES R. IRVING ET AL., RESPONDENTS-APPELLEES.



APPEAL from the Circuit Court of Will County; the Hon. HERMAN S. HAASE, Judge, presiding.

MR. JUSTICE HEIPLE DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:

This is an appeal from an order of the Circuit Court of Will County dismissing Simpson's petition for a writ of mandamus. Simpson, an inmate at Stateville Penitentiary, sought a ruling to compel James R. Irving, in his capacity as chairman of the Illinois Prison Review Board, "to comply with the provisions of the Unified Code of Corrections, ch. 38, § 1003-6-3, as set forth in Johnson v. Franzen."

Simpson was sentenced on September 14, 1976, to an indeterminate sentence of 5 to 10 years for the offense of attempt murder. On February 1, 1978, a new sentencing statute became effective. It provided for fixed or determinate sentencing. (Ill. Rev. Stat., 1978 Supp., ch. 38, par. 1005-8-1.) It abolished the old compensatory good conduct credits (Ill. Rev. Stat., 1978 Supp., ch. 38, par. 1003-12-5) and the statutory good-time credits (Ill. Rev. Stat., 1978 Supp., ch. 38, par. 1003-6-3). The new system provided for good conduct credits on a day-for-day basis. In Johnson v. Franzen (1979), 77 Ill.2d 513, our supreme court determined that prisoners sentenced prior to February 1, 1978, were to benefit from the new day-for-day credit system as of February 1, 1978. The supreme court specifically stated:

"From February 1, 1978, forward, plaintiff is entitled to one day of good-conduct credit for each day served to the extent his prison conduct merits the award of credits. The credits are to be applied to the minimum and maximum terms. For time served prior to February 1, 1978, plaintiff is entitled to the statutory and compensatory good-time credits to which he was entitled under the old good-conduct-credit system." 77 Ill.2d 513, 522.

Simpson's mandamus petition alleged that Irving was denying him a total of 707 days of day-for-day credit.

In response, the Department of Correction (D.O.C.) filed a motion to dismiss, supported by affidavit, alleging that Simpson's indeterminate sentence had been recalculated and converted to the new day-for-day credit system. (Ill. Rev. Stat., 1978 Supp., ch. 38, par. 1003-6-3.) After hearing argument of counsel and considering the affidavit, the circuit court dismissed the mandamus petition, stating that Simpson had already received the relief requested in his petition; specifically, that his sentence be recalculated pursuant to the new day-for-day credit system. Simpson, however, was never served with the D.O.C.'s motion and was not present at the hearing.

• 1-3 For more than a century the central meaning of procedural due process has been clear: "Parties whose rights are to be affected are entitled to be heard; and in order that they may enjoy that right, they must first be notified." (Baldwin v. Hale (1864), 68 U.S. (1 Wall.) 223, 17 L.Ed. 531.) It is well settled that parties to an action are entitled to notice of any motions or hearings. A party is entitled to no fewer rights, with respect to notice of motions, simply because he is incarcerated. Consequently, we remand to afford Simpson his day in court on his petition.

• 4 Procedurally, Simpson also attacks the sufficiency of the D.O.C.'s affidavit supporting their motion to dismiss. We agree. The affidavit does not comply with the requirements of Supreme Court Rule 191. That rule provides:

"(a) Requirements. Affidavits in support of and in opposition to a motion for summary judgment under section 57 of the Civil Practice Act, affidavits submitted in connection with a motion for involuntary dismissal under section 48 of the Civil Practice Act, and affidavits submitted in connection with a special appearance to contest jurisdiction over the person, as provided by section 20(2) of the Civil Practice Act, shall be made on the personal knowledge of the affiants; shall set forth with particularity the facts upon which the claim, counterclaim, or defense is based; shall have attached thereto sworn or certified copies of all papers upon which the affiant relies; shall not consist of conclusions but of facts admissible in evidence; and shall affirmatively show that the affiant, if sworn as a witness, can testify competently thereto. If all of the facts to be shown are not within the personal knowledge of one person, two or more affidavits shall be used." (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 110A, par. 191.)

The affidavit filed by the D.O.C. stated, in full:

"AFFIDAVIT

Carol Mills, upon oath, deposes and says:

I am the Acting Records Supervisor at the Stateville Correctional Center in Joliet, Illinois.

The following residents are presently incarcerated at the Stateville Correctional ...


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