APPEAL from the Circuit Court of Will County; the Hon. VINCENT
CERRI, Judge, presiding.
MR. JUSTICE ALLOY DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
Rehearing denied August 12, 1981.
The State appeals from the order of the Circuit Court of Will County granting the minor-respondent's writ of habeas corpus. The issues presented for review are whether the circuit court had in personam jurisdiction over the minor's non-custodial parent for the purposes of adjudicating a second supplemental petition for delinquency and whether the minor has standing to contest the purported lack of jurisdiction.
On March 25, 1980, the State filed two petitions to adjudicate the minor a delinquent. The original petition alleged that on December 25, 1979, R.P. committed the offense of theft of property having a value in excess of $150. The first supplemental petition charged R.P. with the offense of unlawful use of weapons.
The minor's parents as stated on the petitions were Bennetta Conner (mother), William Conner (stepfather), and Raymond Pavlovich (father). Raymond Pavlovich's address was typed as "unknown" in both petitions, but the address of 5416 North Cicero, Chicago, Illinois, had been inserted in ink in its place. That address was written by Circuit Judge Connor on March 28, 1980, after the minor informed the court of his father's address.
On April 1, 1980, the Conners were personally served with a summons to appear on April 14, the date of the adjudicatory hearing for the original and first supplemental petitions. A Will County sheriff's police investigator, Rogal Rogers, unsuccessfully attempted to serve the minor's father at the Chicago, Illinois, address. That address turned out to be an expressway extension. On April 7, however, Rogers succeeded in personally serving the minor's father with the summons and copies of the two petitions at his business address of 5316 West 35th Street, Cicero, Illinois. Rogers then amended the summons to reflect the address at which service was made.
At the April 14 adjudicatory hearing attended by the Conners, the minor stipulated to the charge of unlawful use of weapons contained in the first supplemental petition, and the circuit court dismissed the original petition. The court then ordered R.P. to be held in temporary detention pending a dispositional hearing scheduled for April 28. That hearing date was later continued until May 2.
On April 22, 1980, the State filed a second supplemental petition for delinquency under the same case number as the first two petitions. That petition charged that on April 18, 1980, the minor committed four counts of battery and, on April 19, 1980, he committed one count of criminal damage to property. The adjudicatory hearing on the petition was scheduled for May 2. The second supplemental petition listed the minor's father as a respondent whose address was unknown. The clerk of the court attempted service of this petition, but by publication only. The notice was published in the Labor Record, a Joliet weekly newspaper. The record fails to indicate whether any measures were taken to locate the father prior to publication or whether notice of publication was mailed to his business address as indicated on the returned summons for the first two petitions.
An adjudicatory hearing on the second supplemental petition was held on May 2, 1980, with R.P.'s mother in attendance. The court adjudged R.P. a delinquent, finding beyond a reasonable doubt that R.P. was guilty of three counts of battery and one count of criminal damage to property. Following a dispositional hearing on May 19, the court committed the minor to the Department of Corrections, Juvenile Division.
The minor then filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus, charging the juvenile court had no jurisdiction to enter any of its orders on the original, first supplemental, and second supplemental petitions. On July 25, 1980, the circuit court granted the petition, dismissed all of the previously entered orders, and released R.P. to his mother's custody.
Due process of law requires that the minor and his parents receive many of the same constitutional protections in a juvenile proceeding as a party receives in a civil or criminal proceeding. One such requirement is adequate notice. (In re Gault (1967), 387 U.S. 1, 18 L.Ed.2d 527, 87 S.Ct. 1428.) Respondents in juvenile proceedings must be notified, in writing, of the charges to be considered at the hearing and such notice must be given at the earliest practicable time, sufficiently in advance of the hearing to permit adequate preparation.
Sections 4-1 to 4-4 of the Juvenile Court Act enumerate the requirements for valid notice. (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 37, pars. 704-1 to 704-4.) The minor and interested persons as defined in section 4-1(2) are necessary parties and must be named as respondents in a petition for delinquency. Accordingly, they must be served with a summons issued by the clerk of the court. If personal service on any respondent fails within a reasonable time, service may be made by certified mail. In the event that certified mail fails, service may be made by publication. In such an instance, the clerk of the court must send a copy of the notice by mail to the respondent's last known address. The failure to adequately notify a respondent in a juvenile proceeding renders the court without jurisdiction. The court is then without authority to issue binding orders or judgments. Ill. Rev. Stat. 1979, ch. 37, par. 704-4(2); People v. Lynch (1906), 223 Ill. 346, 79 N.E. 70; In re C.G. (1979), 69 Ill. App.3d 56, 387 N.E.2d 4.
Clearly, the circuit court established in personam jurisdiction over the minor's father for purposes of the April 14 adjudicatory hearing. He was personally served at his business address with a summons informing him of the allegations contained in the original and first supplemental petitions.
• 1 The State argues, however, that section 4-1(6) of the Juvenile Court Act extends the court's jurisdiction over subsequent supplemental ...