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In Re Marriage of Stralow

OPINION FILED APRIL 15, 1981.

IN RE MARRIAGE OF HAROLD STRALOW, PETITIONER-APPELLANT, AND DOROTHY STRALOW, RESPONDENT-APPELLEE.


APPEAL from the Circuit Court of Whiteside County; the Hon. L.E. ELLISON, Judge, presiding.

MR. JUSTICE HEIPLE DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:

This case involves the dissolution of marriage between Harold and Dorothy Stralow. The husband appeals a Whiteside County Circuit Court order disposing of assets in the dissolution proceeding. We affirm.

Husband and wife were married in Iowa in 1937. Their marriage spanned four decades. During its course the couple raised three children all of whom are now fully independent. Like many, the couple had few possessions when newly wed. Working hard at farming, they prospered as their children grew.

Harold Stralow is 64 years old. He is physically fit, although he has received medical treatment for a heart problem. He never finished high school. Upon marriage he began work as a tenant farmer, mainly on a share basis, and continued to do so until 1958. He worked long hours, taking extra work combining, while raising hogs, cattle, and milking dairy cows. He did his own farm managing. After accumulating some cash and securing a loan, Harold and Dorothy bought a 320-acre farm near Coleta, Illinois. Harold farmed 280 acres after selling a 40-acre parcel. Eight years later, again as joint tenants, the couple purchased a 255-acre farm in the same vicinity. Afterwards 175 acres were sold and the remaining land put into production. The family home was relocated to the smaller farm. In 1969 Mr. Stralow quit active farming and went to work for the Illinois Highway Department. Farm operations were assumed by a son on a share basis with his father. As landlord, Mr. Stralow received half of all farm profits. In January 1979, he moved out of the family home to an apartment. He did not return.

Dorothy Stralow is 59 years old. She has a lower back ailment, but otherwise is in good health. She is without vocational skills and has little formal education. Until October 11, 1979, the date the marriage was dissolved, she was not employed outside the home. Currently she works part-time in a department store restaurant. During her marriage she did those tasks expected of an Illinois farm wife. She raised the children, prepared the meals, did the housework, and washed the family's clothes. She did the yard work, gardening, and tended the fowl. Often she brought the cows up for milking and cleaned the bulk tank in the dairy parlor. Occasionally she assisted at planting time. Finally, when her husband requested, she transacted business for him in town.

The parties' estate consists of the family farms and is the result of work performed during the marriage. The following valuation by the trial court was not contested:

Assets:

Appraisal of two farms 1,050,000.00 Real estate-sale proceeds 7,360.00 Livestock 45,662.50 Grain, silage 25,900.00 Farm equipment 3,725.00 Automobiles (truck) 11,500.00 Life insurance policies-cash value 14,559.95 Cash and personalty 7,000.00 Loan receivable 2,600.00 ____________ 1,168,307.45

Liabilities:

Mortgage on real estate 44,800.00 Bank loan 18,000.00 _________ 62,800.00 62,800.00 ____________ Value of marital estate 1,105,507.45

Both parties sought a cash settlement of this sum.

The trial judge apportioned the estate in two comparatively equal shares. To achieve this he ordered Harold Stralow to pay his former wife $536,509.00 in cash by August 15, 1980. He also impressed a lien of the farm estate to secure payment of that sum. Interest of the unpaid balance accrued at eight percent per annum.

The sole issue for review is whether the trial court abused its discretion in disposing of the marital estate.

Mr. Stralow complains that equal distribution of the parties' assets is not equitable in view of his age and the realities of farm operations. Such an allocation, he urges, is against the manifest weight of the evidence since he contributed, by his labor, all the capital to the farm. The case law he cites (Schubert v. Schubert (1978), 66 Ill. App.3d 29; In re Marriage of Woodward (1980), 83 Ill. App.3d 253), which support less than equal partition of a marital estate, are not dispositive of this appeal. Those opinions hold that an equal distribution of property ...


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