APPEAL from the Circuit Court of Peoria County; the Hon.
ROBERT E. HUNT, Judge, presiding.
MR. JUSTICE SCOTT DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:
This is an interlocutory appeal from the Circuit Court of Peoria County. The purpose of this appeal is to determine certain evidentiary matters which are to be introduced at a subsequent trial to determine just compensation for the taking of property by eminent domain.
On June 17, 1971, the Department of Public Works and Buildings of the State of Illinois (hereinafter called the State) filed a petition for condemnation against the Toledo, Peoria & Western Railroad (hereinafter called the Railroad) and thereby sought to remove material for a period of three years from a 50-acre tract belonging to the Railroad. On August 31, 1971, leave was granted to file an amended petition for condemnation which sought fee title to 42.6 acres. The land involved is located beneath the Illinois River. The material to be taken would be used in the construction of Interstate Highway 474. It must be clearly understood that the land sought will not be used for classic road building purposes, but rather minerals will be removed from the land and used in the road construction.
On December 28 and 29, 1971, a hearing was held on the vesting of title pursuant to section 2.1 of the Eminent Domain Act (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1977, ch. 47, par. 2.1). The trial court found that the eminent domain procedure was proper and that the preliminary just compensation was $100,000. The required amount was deposited and on April 25, 1972, title to the 42.6-acre parcel was vested in the State. The State has already begun to remove fill material.
On July 11, 1975, the State filed a motion in limine seeking to exclude certain evidence from trial: (a) regarding the cubic yards of fill already taken in connection with the Interstate 474, and (b) regarding a prior sale to a contractor in connection with Interstate 474.
The matter was then set for trial.
The Railroad filed a motion for partial summary judgment and also opposed the motion in limine. On May 9, 1977, the trial court denied the motion for partial summary judgment and the motion in limine. The trial court found: (a) the proper measure of damages to be submitted to the jury is the value of the land including the mineral content thereof; (b) the jury is entitled to know that the sole purpose of acquiring the land was to obtain the minerals; (c) there had previously been a contract arrived at in an arm's length transaction with a subcontractor for these materials to be used for this purpose a short period prior to filing of the petition.
This last part of the order is in dispute.
On June 29, 1977, an order was entered certifying questions for interlocutory appeal.
The first issue presented on appeal is whether the value of the fill material to be extracted should be a consideration in arriving at the fair cash market value of the land taken.
The State argues that land must be valued as a whole and not as the sum of its parts. It also argues that any mineral content on the land cannot be valued separate from the land, but must be considered as part of the value of the land. Therefore, the value of fill material to be extracted from the land should not be considered in determining the fair cash market value of the land.
The Railroad argues that while the State is correct when speaking of land per se, other rules must apply for the taking of fungible property.
The land sought here is not land in the usual sense. It is part of the bed of the Illinois River. The Railroad is not using the land as part of its roadbed, for a switch yard, terminal, or other structure, or for income purposes. The Railroad argues that the minerals deposited by the river on that part of the river bed may be extracted and used as levee materials in developing an industrial park along the rail line. The record does not show that this is presently being done.
The Railroad further argues that if the taking of the land for the minerals was the only purpose of the taking and the sole reason for the taking was the economic advantage to be gained thereby, then the minerals should be valued separately from the land because the ...