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Bd. of Educ., St. Clair Cty. v. Parkhill





APPEAL from the Circuit Court of St. Clair County; the Hon. J.F. CUNNINGHAM, Judge, presiding.


The plaintiff is an Illinois public school board. It had sought an injunction against various defendants (the District's employees, their union or organizations, and the officers of such organizations) to prevent the defendants from conducting a strike or picketing the district's schools. The court below granted a temporary restraining order and scheduled a hearing on the injunction one week later.

At the hearing on the complaint for injunction, the court refused to grant the permanent injunction and dismissed the temporary order. The court's order also provided among other things, that the employees were to return to work and authorized future limited informational picketing by the non-certified employees. The court retained jurisdiction over the parties. From this and the court's subsequent order stating no reason exists for delaying appeal, the plaintiff has brought this appeal.

The facts of the dispute are: The plaintiff operates five schools (attendance centers): three grade schools, one junior high school and one high school, with an employment of 84 teachers and 56 non-certified employees. The schools have a total enrollment of 1,783 students.

The named defendants, Idus U. Cleveland, Roberta Danback, Johnny Lou Sanders, Phyllis Karn and Walter Schlemmer, are non-certified employees of the plaintiff. The plaintiff asserts that the named defendants and the majority of the non-certified employees did not report to work on December 2, 1974 (the day the temporary restraining order was issued). On that date, the employees set up and maintained picket lines at each school. The pickets carried signs identifying the pickets as members of a union.

The evidence indicated that perhaps 19 or so persons maintained the picket lines and only 10 non-certified employees reported for work.

The named defendants and Everett Parkhill and George Walke, are officers of the teachers' union, the defendant, Dupo Federation of Teachers' Local #1732 AFL-CIO.

The evidence was that the strike caused, among other things a significant decrease in the number of students attending school and in the number of teachers reporting to work. Also, the school busses did not operate because of the drivers' refusal to work and the cafeteria services of the schools were interrupted. There was a complete curtailment of custodial service.

The plaintiff contends that the strike disruption resulted in behavioral problems with the students. There are also allegations that such disruptions continued although the teachers returned to work following the issuance of the restraining order. There is also unrefuted evidence that, subsequent to the issuance of the restraining order, the teachers returned to work and were in normal attendance.

The plaintiff asserts that attendance has remained low (79% vs. 95%); that the learning situation has suffered; vandalism, disruptions and distractions continued. Also it asserts that students manned the picket lines, that employees encouraged, supported and supplied the pickets, that relatives of employees picketed the school, that threatening incidents occurred, busses were stopped, obscenities yelled and entrances blocked. There are various other complaints that are indicative of unsettled and abnormal school operation.

The plaintiff appeals contending first, that strikes by public employees performing a governmental function are unconstitutional and illegal and secondly, that picketing in support of an unlawful strike should be enjoined.

• 1 We do not disagree with the contentions urged by the plaintiff. The law is quite clear in Illinois that "there is no inherent right in municipal employees to strike against their governmental employer, whether Federal, State, or a political subdivision thereof, and that a strike of municipal employees for any purpose is illegal." (Board of Education v. Redding, 32 Ill.2d 567, 571, 207 N.E.2d 427. See also City of Pana v. Crowe, 57 Ill.2d 547, 550, 316 N.E.2d 513, 514.) "The doctrine that public employees have no legal right to engage in a strike has been reiterated."

• 2 A difficulty with which this court finds itself is what remedy does the plaintiff desire against the various defendants. The evidence is clear that the "Teachers' Union" and those named individuals belonging to that group have returned to work and have, without further disruption, ceased directly aiding or supporting the strike; such is the testimony of the School Board. There is no evidence that the teachers or their union were striking at the time of the hearing. Therefore, we can find no error in the court below refusing to grant the requested relief against the defendant Union and the individual teachers.

We also agree with the second contention of the plaintiff. The evidence is clear and uncontroverted that the pickets were attempting to obtain recognition and thus, the purpose of the picketing was not informational but is rather for recognition. Again, our ...

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