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People Ex Rel. Bowman v. Woodward

OPINION FILED MAY 28, 1976.

THE PEOPLE EX REL. JOHN J. BOWMAN, STATE'S ATTORNEY, PETITIONER,

v.

ALFRED E. WOODWARD, JUDGE, ET AL., RESPONDENTS.



Original petition for mandamus.

MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WARD DELIVERED THE OPINION OF THE COURT:

This is an original action brought by John Bowman, the State's Attorney of Du Page County, in which he has petitioned for a writ of mandamus (58 Ill.2d R. 381) or, alternatively, for a supervisory order, directed to the Honorable Alfred E. Woodward, circuit judge of the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit, one of the respondents, to allow a discovery motion of the petitioner.

On May 1, 1975, F. Willis Caruso, who is the other respondent and whom we refer to as the defendant, was indicted in the circuit court of Du Page County for reckless homicide (Ill. Rev. Stat. 1973, ch. 38, par. 9-3(b)). On May 6, 1975, he filed a motion for discovery before Judge Woodward under our Rule 412 (58 Ill.2d R. 412), requesting in part "any reports or statements of experts, made in connection with the entitled matter, including results of physical tests, mental examinations, scientific tests, experiments or comparisons." The motion was allowed and an order was entered directing the People to comply with the motion's request.

On May 12, 1975, the People filed a motion for discovery from the defendant under Rule 413(c) (58 Ill.2d R. 413(c)). It asked that the defendant:

"inform the State whether any scientific tests, experiments or comparisons or any other reports or statements of experts have been conducted or prepared concerning the entitled cause; and if so:

(a) To provide the names and addresses of the individuals conducting, preparing, reporting or interpreting said tests, experiments or comparisons, or giving any other expert report or statement;

(b) To list the article, item or individual examined, tested or compared;

(c) To state whether written or oral reports were prepared showing the findings and results of said scientific tests, experiments or comparisons;

(d) To permit the State to inspect and copy or photocopy any and all of said reports or results or testimony relative thereto."

On June 19, 1975, after numerous hearings, Judge Woodward entered an order which provided:

"[D]efense counsel shall inform the State of, and permit the State to inspect and copy or photograph, any reports or results, or testimony relative thereto, of physical or mental examinations or scientific tests, experiments or comparisons, or any other reports or statements of experts which defense counsel has in his possession or control, only where defense counsel intends to call such expert, at a hearing or trial; and the defendant shall not be compelled to provide the aforesaid discovery to the State where the defendant does not intend to call the expert, or use said reports or material at a hearing or trial."

The petitioner, the State's Attorney, contends that the trial court's order was erroneous. He seeks a writ of mandamus to compel the court to allow his motion under the provisions of our Rule 413(c). Those provisions are:

"Medical and scientific reports. Subject to constitutional limitations, the trial court shall, on written motion, require that the State be informed of, and permitted to inspect and copy or photograph, any reports or results, or testimony relative thereto, of physical or mental examinations or of scientific tests, experiments or comparisons, or any other reports or statements of experts which defense counsel has in his possession or control, except that those portions of reports containing statements made by the defendant may be withheld if defense counsel does not intend to use any of the material contained in the report at a hearing or trial." 58 Ill.2d R. 413(c).

The respondent Caruso argues that to compel him to disclose the reports and statements of experts whom he has consulted in preparing for trial, but whom he does not intend to call as witnesses at a hearing or trial violates ...


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