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January 8, 1971


The opinion of the court was delivered by: Robson, District Judge.


The defendants move to dismiss the second amended complaint in this action purportedly brought under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, 15 U.S.C. § 78j, and Rule 10(b)-5 promulgated thereunder. This court is of the opinion this action should be dismissed because of the plaintiffs' repeated and flagrant disregard of the directives set forth in Rule 8(a), Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

This 31-page complaint, the third such pleading filed in this action, consists of 33 paragraphs with 54 subparagraphs, replete with the plaintiffs' speculations, conclusions, arguments, and conjectures concerning the defendants' motives and conduct. The allegations are in rambling, narrative discourse. A detailed and redundant history of the plaintiffs' grievances against the defendants is also interspersed in the document. Lengthy recitations of evidentiary matter further confuse this pleading.*fn1

Rule 8(a) directs that a statement of a claim shall be short and plain. In addition, Rule 8(e) provides that each averment of a pleading shall be simple, concise and direct. Repeated filing of verbose, confused and redundant complaints warrants dismissal of the cause. In dismissing an action on these grounds, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit observed in its per curiam opinion that

  "[t]he present Second Amended Complaint * * *
  apparently alleges fraud and conspiracy in
  violation of civil rights. We use the word
  `apparently' because the complaint, though a
  Second Amended Complaint, is so verbose, confused
  and redundant that its true substance, if any, is
  well disguised." Corcoran v. Yorty, 347 F.2d 222,
  223 (9th Cir. 1965), cert. den. 382 U.S. 966, 86
  S.Ct. 458, 15 L.Ed.2d 370 (1965).

Similarly, a shareholder's derivative action purportedly brought under federal securities law was dismissed, inter alia, because

    "[t]he complaint openly and defiantly violates
  Rule 8(a)(2). It is not a `short and plain
  statement of the claim.' It is an extended
  embroidery of what, if true, would be mere
  evidence recited in perplexing and disjointed
  detail." Adair v. Schneider, 293 F. Supp. 393, 394
  (S.D.N.Y. 1968).
See also United States ex rel. Holland v. Maroney, 299 F. Supp. 262
 (W.D.Pa. 1969); Martin v. Hunt, 29 F.R.D. 14 (D.Mass.
1961). Furthermore, the pleading of bald conclusions
unsupported by factual allegations will not save an otherwise
fatally defective pleading. Greenstein v. Paul, 275 F. Supp. 604
(S.D.N.Y. 1967), aff'd 400 F.2d 580 (2nd Cir. 1968);
International Harvester Co, v.

Kansas City, 308 F.2d 35 (10th Cir. 1962), cert. den.
371 U.S. 948, 83 S.Ct. 503, 9 L.Ed.2d 498 (1963).

The second amended complaint places upon the court and the defendants the burden of sifting out relevant matter and weeding out improper matter from that pleading in order to discern the claim or claims the plaintiffs are asserting. The court finds that the pleading is so unclear and confusing that its analysis with respect to the grounds asserted in the motions to dismiss is a practical impossibility. The defendants should not and cannot be required to answer such a substantially defective pleading. Pretrial discovery based upon such a nebulous pleading would be unmanageable and would present constant difficulties for the court and the parties.

In denying the plaintiffs' motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction, this court noted in its order of June 11, 1970, that

    "[t]he [first amended] complaint is based
  entirely on information and belief, and plaintiffs
  have not attempted to demonstrate by affidavit or
  otherwise the truth of the varied allegations of
  fraud and conspiracy. The complaint is confusing
  and fails to delineate with clarity plaintiffs'
  theories of recovery or the elements of an offense
  under Rule 10(b)-5." Memorandum and Order, June 11,
  1970, p. 4 (Emphasis supplied.)

After entry of this order, the plaintiffs sought and obtained, over the defendants' objection, leave to file this second amended complaint "for the purposes of clarification." Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Leave to File a Second Amended Complaint, p. 6. However, the second amended complaint fails to accomplish this purpose. Instead, it is argumentative, confusing, and is "long on conclusions of law and short on allegations of fact." Barbosa v. Sanchez Vilella, 293 F. Supp. 831, 833 (D.P.R. 1967). Moreover, the plaintiffs have demonstrated repeatedly that they are unable or unwilling to file a complaint in this action conforming with the minimal requirements of federal pleading. The defendants and the court should not be burdened further with the task of deciphering pleadings such as those filed by the plaintiffs in this cause.

It is therefore ordered that the second amended complaint be, and it ...

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